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38.1 cm/45 Model 1926
Cañón Vickers 381 mm. 1926.jpg
Surviving Vickers 38.1cm/45 1926 at Monte San Pedro - Coruña
Type Coastal Artillery
Place of origin United Kingdom
Service history
In service 1929-2008
Used by  Spain
Production history
Designed 1912
Manufacturer Vickers-Armstrong
Specifications
Weight 223 tons (227 tonnes)

Shell APC, HE
Shell weight APC - 1,951 lbs (885 kg), HE - 1,951 lbs (885 kg)
Caliber 15 Inch (381mm)
Elevation -5 / +40 degrees
Traverse 300 degrees
Rate of fire 2 rounds per minute
Muzzle velocity APC - 2,500 fps (762 mps)
Effective range 39,390 yards (35,100 m)

This design, also known as the Vickers-Armstrong 38.1 centimetres (15.0 in) Mark B, was originally intended to form the armament of the Brazilian battleship Riachuelo. Eighteen of the guns were subsequently purchased by Spain for use as Coastal Artillery.[1]

The guns could fire an armour-piercing shell weighing 860 kilograms (1,900 lb) at a velocity of 2,500 metres per second (8,200 ft/s) or a high-explosive shell weighing 802 kilograms (1,768 lb) to a range of 35,100 metres (115,200 ft). They were mounted in individual armoured gun houses.[2][3]

In the 1990s, seven mounts remained operational, and were provided with modern Swedish fire control equipment.[3]

Locations[4][]

Cartagena: 4 Guns. Batteries Castillitos and Cenizas, each with 2 guns (Guns still in situ).

Ferrol and La Coruna: Originally 8 guns. Batteries at Cape Prior (Guns scrapped 1997), Monte San Pedro (Guns still in situ), Campelo Alta (Guns transferred 1941) and Lobateiras (Guns removed), each with 2 Guns.

Minorca: Originally 6 guns. Batteries at Favarix (Guns transferred 1944), Mahon and Llucalary (guns still in situ),each with 2 guns.

Subsequently the guns at Campelo Alta were moved to a new location at Paloma Alta, work being completed in October 1941. One of these guns was destroyed when it suffered a premature detonation during Proof Firing. Later the two guns from the Favarix Battery were transferred, becoming operational in January 1944. These three guns remained in service until 2008, when the last one finally retired into reserve.

Notes[]

  1. DiGiulian, Tony. "38.1 cm/45 (15") Model 1926". http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNSpain_15-45_mkB.htm. Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  2. Foss 1987, p. 657.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Freidman 1997, pp. 269–270.
  4. "LOS 38,1 ESPAÑOLES". http://www.vickers381.com/pics381.htm. 

References[]

  • Foss, Christopher F. (1987). Jane's Armour and Artillery 1987–88. London: Jane's Yearbooks. ISBN 0-7106-0849-7. 
  • Friedman, Norman (1997). The Naval Institute Guide to World Naval Weapons Systems 1997–1998. Annapolis, Maryland, USA: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-268-4. 

External links[]

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