|395th Strategic Missile Squadron|
Emblem of the 395th Strategic Missile Squadron
|Branch||United States Air Force|
LGM-25C Titan II Strategic Missile Testing
The 395th Strategic Missile Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with the 1st Strategic Aerospace Division, based at Vandenberg AFB, California. It was inactivated on 31 December 1969.
History[edit | edit source]
World War II[edit | edit source]
Antisubmarine Warfare[edit | edit source]
Activated on 1 April 1941 as the 5th Reconnaissance Squadron, its personnel and equipment being drawn from the inactivated 27th Reconnaissance Squadron at Borinquen Field, Puerto Rico. The squadron had actually been constituted as early as 22 November 1940 to augment the reconnaissance forces available to the Puerto Rican Department. The squadron consisted of three Douglas B-18As, and these constituted the sole strength of the unit at Borinquen Field until the unit was redesignated as the 395th Bombardment Squadron (Medium) on 22 April 1942.
The 5th was initially attached as an element of the 40th Bombardment Group. A "Good Will" flight was made in July 1941 to Peru, stopping en route Trinidad, Albrook Field and Guayaquil, Ecuador, which gave the unit considerable confidence in the extent of their "reach" as a recon outfit. Between 4 and 16 November, the unit provided transportation throughout the Caribbean for a group of unidentified movie stars, stopping at Antigua, St. Lucia, Trinidad, Georgetown, St. Thomas, San Juan and back to Miami. That same month, one of the B-18s represented the Air Corps at the opening ceremonies for the new Pan Am airfield at Port-au-Prince, Haiti.
After the Japanese Pearl Harbor Attack, the unit was detached from the 40th Bomb Group and assigned briefly to the Antilles Air Task Force to perform antisubmarine patrols along the Antillies chain south to Dutch Guiana. On 25 April 1942 the squadron was re-designated as the 395th Bombardment Squadron, and on 17 June, was transferred as such from Borinquen Field, Puerto Rico, to Rio Hato Army Air Base, Panama. Concurrent with this reassignment, the unit was reassigned to the 6th Bombardment Group on 9 August 1942. The Squadron received an infusion of new personnel in December 1942, when, upon inactivation of the 6th Bombardment Group, many of the former members of that headquarters were transferred to the 395th along with new aircraft. As of 27 December 1942, the Squadron had two Northrop A-17's, three Douglas B-18's, two Consolidated B-24D's and three LB-30's, three Boeing B-17B's and two B-17E's.
On 27 April 1943, the Squadron was transferred to David Field, Panama and, exactly a month later, moved from there to Howard Field in the Canal Zone, preparatory to its departure from the Command on 15 June 1943 as part of the takeover by the United States Navy of antisubmarine patrols.
B-29 Superfortress era[edit | edit source]
Assigned to Pratt Army Airfield, Kansas in August 1943, being re-manned with new personnel. Received prototype and early production-model B-29 Superfortress very heavy bombers. Trained under Second Air Force for an extended period due to Boeing technicians making modifications of B-29 aircraft. Deployed to the new XX Bomber Command as part of the 58th Bombardment Wing in the China-Burma-India Theater, flying to bases in India via South Atlantic Transport route; across central Africa, Arabia to Karachi. Additional modifications of B-29s were necessary in India to accommodate very high ground temperatures (115 degrees F).
From airfields in eastern India, engaged in very long range bombardment raids on Japan. The squadron participated in the first American Air Force attack on the Japanese Home Islands since the 1942 Doolittle raid on 15/16 June 1944, attacking the Imperial Iron and Steel Works at Yawata on Kyushu by using its forward staging base at Hsinching Airfield (A-1), China, for refueling. Performed a total of nine missions to Japan, also engaged in very long range attacks against enemy targets in Thailand, Manchuria, Borneo, Formosa, Burma, Malaya, Japanese-occupied China, Singapore, Saigon and Cam Rahn Bay, French Indochina. Also engaged in aerial mining of Japanese-occupied seaports in Thailand Malaya and French Indochina.
Inactivated in October 1944 as part of a XX Bomber Command reorganization.
Strategic Air Command[edit | edit source]
Reactivated in 1959 as part of the development of the LGM-25C Titan II Intercontinental Ballistic Missile. It operated three training facilities for the Titan II, launch complexes 395-B, 395-C and 395-D. They were constructed between 1960–1962 and turned over to Strategic Air Command in 1964. Flight test, evaluations, technical order verification research and development were performed at Vandenberg AFB.
The squadron was inactivated at the end of 1969, it's mission turned over to the 6596th Missile Test Group on 1 January 1970.
Lineage[edit | edit source]
- Constituted 5th Reconnaissance Squadron (Medium) on 22 November 1940
- Activated on 1 April 1941
- Redesignated: 395th Bombardment Squadron (Medium) on 22 April 1942
- Redesignated: 395th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 7 May 1942
- Redesignated: 395th Bombardment Squadron (Very Heavy) on 20 November 1943
- Disbanded on 20 October 1944.
- Reconstituted and redesignated as 395th Strategic Missile Squadron, 1 January 1959
- Reactivated on 1 February 1959
- Inactivated on 31 December 1969
Assignments[edit | edit source]
- Associated with: 1st Photographic Group, 10 Jun 1941-22 Apr 1942 (training)
- 6th Bombardment Group, 9 August 1942
- 40th Bombardment Group, 12 May 1943 – 20 October 1944.
- 1st Strategic Aerospace Division, 1 Feb 1959-31 Dec 1969
Stations[edit | edit source]
- Borinquen Field, Puerto Rico, 1 April 1941
- Rio Hato AAB, Panama, 17 June 1942 – 16 June 1943
- Pratt AAF, Kansas, 1 August 1943 – 12 March 1944
- Chakulia AB, India, c. 11 April-20 October 1944
- Vandenberg AFB, California, 1 February 1969 – 31 December 1969
Aircraft and missiles[edit | edit source]
- B-18 Bolo, 1941–1943
- Northrop A-17, 1942–1943
- B-24 Liberator, 1942–1943
- LB-30 (B-24A) Liberator, 1942–1943
- B-17 Flying Fortress, 1942–1944
- B-26 Marauder, 1943
- YB-29 Superfortress, 1943
- B-29 Superfortress, 1943-1944.
- LGM-25C Titan II, 1959–1969
- Operated three launch silos at Vandenberg AFB for operational testing and development:
- 395-B (17 Feb 1964-29 May 1969),
- 395-C (16 Feb 1963-27 Jun 1976),
- 395-D (13 May 1963-5 Apr 1966),
References[edit | edit source]
- Mann, Robert A. (2009), The B-29 Superfortress: A Comprehensive Registry of the Planes and Their Missions, McFarland, ISBN 0-7864-4458-4
- Conaway, William. "395th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy)". VI Bomber Command In Defense Of The Panama Canal 1941 - 45. http://www.planesandpilotsofww2.totalh.net/panama/395thbshistorytem.htm.
- Conaway, William. "40th Bombardment Group (Heavy)". VI Bomber Command In Defense Of The Panama Canal 1941 - 45. http://www.planesandpilotsofww2.totalh.net/panama/40thbgphistorytem.htm.
- Conaway, William. "6th Bombardment Group (Heavy)". VI Bomber Command In Defense Of The Panama Canal 1941 - 45. http://www.planesandpilotsofww2.totalh.net/panama/6thbgphistorytem.htm.
- Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
- Hagdedorn, Dan (1995), Alae Supra Canalem: Wings Over the Canal, Turner Publishing, ISBN 1-56311-153-5
- Conaway, William. "VI Bomber Command In Defense Of The Panama Canal 1941 - 45". Planes and Pilots Of World War Two. http://www.planesandpilotsofww2.totalh.net/panama/panama.htm.
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