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III Brigade, Royal Field Artillery
Active August 1914 - ????
Country  United Kingdom
Branch  British Army
Type Field Artillery
Size Brigade
Part of 3rd (Lahore) Division
28th Division

The 3rd Brigade, Royal Field Artillery was a brigade sized unit that existed pre, and during World War I.

History[]

Royal Field Artillery

The 3rd Brigade was originally formed[lower-alpha 1] in August 1914 just after the outbreak of World War I. In August the regiment was created from the merger of 18 Battery, 62 Battery, and 75 Battery while in Jullundur, India.[1][2] While forming the brigade, in peacetime structure, was part of the 3rd (Lahore) Division, where it remained until the start of the war.[2] The regiment later moved to Peshawar where it was ordered to England and arrived in November 1914.[2][3] Upon arrival in England the brigade was dis-established and re-formed at Winchester where the brigades again split to form CXLVI Brigade, Royal Field Artillery. Upon re-formation 75 Battery left the brigade. The brigade now comprised 18 Battery, 62 Battery, 365 Batteries.[2][4] The regiment joined the 28th Infantry Division where they deployed to France as part of.[3] Later that year of 1914, the brigade went to France. In 1915 the division moved to Thessaloniki in The Kingdom of Greece.[4] In February of 22 Battery joined from XXXIV Brigade but left before the division moved to Thessaloniki. Later after a period of peace for the brigade, the brigade had D Battery join from CXLVI Brigade and in August became D (Howitzer) Battery. Just a day later 365 Battery was broken up and parts of the battery joined 18 Battery and 64 Battery. By the end of the war the brigade consisted of 18 Battery, 62 Battery, and D (Howitzer) Battery.[4]

Back History[]

Just before, during and just after World War I the royal artillery "regiments" were designated as "Brigades" although not to be confused with an infantry brigade. In an artillery brigade three batteries were "merged" together. In each brigade only one type of gun was used.[5] Each artillery brigade had three batteries and an ammunition column, the "BAC" consisted of 158 officers and men which controlled and moved all artillery, supplies, and security groups.[6] Each brigade had a "Base Depot" which had one Subaltern. two sergeants, and 40 drivers and gunners who would be used as casualty replacements and storemen.[6]

Notes[]

  1. Was "Officially" formed on mobilization because batteries were separate.

References[]

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