|3rd Mountain Infantry Division|
Kingdom of Italy
Royal Italian Army
|Ravenna Division collar insignia||File:Ravena div collar insignia.jpg|
The 3rd Mountain Infantry Division (Ravenna) was a mountain infantry division of the Italian Army during World War II. The Ravenna Division was mobilized for war in October 1939. They were part of the Italian III Corps, First Army during the Italian invasion of France. They also took part in the Invasion of Yugoslavia as part of the Italian XI Corps. The division was one of the twelve divisions that served on the Eastern Front as part of the Italian Army in Russia. The division was destroyed in Operation Little Saturn, the Red Army's offensive operation which consisted of a pincer movement which threatened to cut off the forces attempting to reach Stalingrad. The 1st Guards Army and the 3rd Guards Army attacked from the north, encircling 130,000 soldiers of the Italian 8th Army on the Don and advancing to Millerovo. The division was reforming in Italy, when Italy surrendered in September 1943, it then surrendered to the Germans. Mountain divisions are not to be confused with the "Alpini" specialized mountain troops. The mountain divisions had pack horse artillery instead of the usual towed type.
Commander[edit | edit source]
Order of battle[edit | edit source]
- 37. Infantry Regiment
- 38. Infantry Regiment
- 121. Artillery Regiment
- 7. Mixed Carabinieri Section
- 8. Motorized Carabinieri Section
- III Mortar Battalion
- 3. Anti-Tank Company
- 154. Anti-Tank Company
- 51. Flak Company
- 303. Flak Company
- 71. Anti-Tank Battery
- 3. Engineer Battalion
- 18. Medical Section
- 7. Supply Company
- 3. Transportation Section
- 3. Transportation Unit
- 53. Field Post Office [nb 1]
Notes[edit | edit source]
- An Italian Infantry Division normally consisted of two Infantry Regiments (three Battalions each), an Artillery Regiment, a Mortar Battalion (two companies), an Anti Tank Company, a Blackshirt Legion (Regiment of two Battalions). Each Division had only about 7,000 men, The Infantry and Artillery Regiments contained 1,650 men, the Blackshirt Legion 1,200, each company 150 men.
References[edit | edit source]
- Jowett, Philip S. The Italian Army 1940–45 (1): Europe 1940–1943. Osprey, Oxford – New York, 2000, pp. 5–6, ISBN 978-1-85532-864-8
- "Invasion of Yugoslavia (6 April, 1941". Commando Supremo. Archived from the original on 21 May 2009. http://web.archive.org/web/20090521172045/http://www.comandosupremo.com/Yugoslavia.html. Retrieved 2009-04-13.
- Wendal, Marcus. "Italian Army". Axis History. http://www.axishistory.com/index.php?id=8581. Retrieved 2009-04-13.
- Mulholland, John. "Axis Order of Battle 10 June 1940 – The Italian Invasion of France". Axis History. http://www.axishistory.com/index.php?id=6466. Retrieved 2009-04-13.
- Paoletti, p 170
- Paoletti, Ciro (2008). A Military History of Italy. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0-275-98505-9.
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