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43rd Military Police Brigade
43rd Military Police Brigade Shoulder Sleeve Insignia
Active 4 March 1959 – present
Country United States
Branch Army National Guard
Type Military Police Brigade
Role Military Police
Size Brigade
Garrison/HQ Warwick, Rhode Island
Distinctive unit insignia 43rd MP BDE DUI.jpg

The 43rd Military Police Brigade is a military police brigade of the United States Army.

Organization[edit | edit source]

Within the Rhode Island Army National Guard, the 43D Military Police Brigade exercises command and control over the 118th Military Police Battalion, and its three (3) separate Military Police companies. In addition, the Brigade has a Medium Truck Company attached.

The 1207th Transportation Company, Rhode Island Army National Guard, is located at Camp Fogarty. The 1207th is also the parent organization of an Organizational Maintenance Shop in Rhode Island. Soldiers in this unit are trained as truck drivers and mechanics. The Company's mission is to provide for the movement of both dry and refrigerated containerized cargo, bulk water and bulk petroleum products by motor transport.[1]

History[edit | edit source]

The headquarters of the 43rd Military Police Brigade is located in Warwick, Rhode Island.

The 43rd Military Police Brigade was constituted March 4, 1959 and allotted to the Rhode Island Army National Guard as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 103d Replacement Battalion. Organized and Federally recognized April 1, 1959 at Providence. Converted and redesignated March 18, 1963 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 43d Engineer Group. Converted and redesignated May 1, 1968 as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 43d Military Police Brigade. Reorganized and redesignated May 1, 1976 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 43d Military Police Brigade.

One of the next major state activations came in 1978. The "Blizzard of '78" crippled the state and forced all units to be called to duty from February 6–16, 1978. The 43rd organized traffic control to allow engineers to perform snow removal. MP's were stationed throughout the downtown area to prevent looting. There had not been a statewide call up since the "Hurricane of '38", thirty-nine years earlier.[1]

Global War on Terror[edit | edit source]

Soldiers from the Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 43rd Military Police Brigade, mobilized in April 2002, then deployed from Fort Dix, New Jersey, in May 2002 to the US Naval Base, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. There they replaced the 89th Military Police Brigade as the new headquarters element for Joint Task Force – 160 (JTF-160). In early 2002, the US Southern Command (SOUTHCOM) established JTF-160 and JTF-170 to operate a detention and interrogation facility at the naval base. In November of the same year, the two task forces consolidated to become Joint Task Force – Guantanamo (JTF-GTMO). During this period, US military personnel from all five services planned and executed a mission to safely and humanely detain suspected terrorists. Soldiers redeployed in November/December 2002 and demobilized in January 2003. On January 28, 2003, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff awarded the Joint Meritorious Unit Award (JMUA) to Headquarters, JTF-160, for exceptionally meritorious achievement during the period January 4 to October 31, 2002.[1]

Operation Iraqi Freedom[edit | edit source]

Soldiers from the Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 43rd Military Police Brigade, mobilized in August 2005, deploying to Iraq. The mission was to provide Command and Control (C2) for all Theater Internment Facilities (TIF) in support of Task Force 134 and Multi-National Force – Iraq. Additionally the brigade managed the training and integration of Iraqi Corrections Officers and initiated the transfer of authority for all TIF's to the government of Iraq in support of UNSCR 1546. While deployed, the brigade commanded five MP battalions, twenty-three companies, two brigade liaison detachments, and two coalition forces detachments totaling approximately 5,000 assigned soldiers, sailors, airmen, marines, and coalition forces at five separate detention facilities throughout the country. The 43rd oversaw the closure of the Abu Ghraib TIF in July 2006, built a new detention facility at Camp Cropper, and expanded Camp Bucca making it the largest detention facility in the world. The 43rd MP Bde was also responsible for the development of the Iraqi Corrections Officer Academy, which trained over 1600 Iraqi Correction Officers.[1] The 43rd Military Police Brigade was awarded the Meritorious Unit Citation for "Exceptionally Meritorious Service" during combat operations.

Operation Enduring Freedom[edit | edit source]

Soldiers from the Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 43rd Military Police Brigade, mobilized in March 2011, deploying to Afghanistan.[2] The unit had control of detention operations along with the Afghan National Police at Bagram Airbase. They returned home to Rhode Island on March 7, 2012.[3]

Shoulder Sleeve Insignia[edit | edit source]

The shoulder sleeve insignia was approved on May 16, 1969, consisting of a green shield with a yellow wall of two crenelles above three green wavy bars, issuing from base and surmounted overall a white pike all within a yellow border. The fortification above the wavy bars alludes to the wall surrounding the 15th century city of Rhodes, capital of the Island of Rhodes in the eastern Mediterranean after which Rhode Island was named. The wavy bars also represent Narragansett Bay and the many waterways of the state. The pike, any early weapon used by guards symbolizes the 43d Military Police Brigade's ability to give protection and strong support.[1]

References[edit | edit source]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Army.

External links[edit | edit source]

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