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44th Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment
Flag of Virginia (1861–1865).svg
Flag of Virginia, 1861
Active June 1861 – April 1865
Disbanded April 1865
Country Confederacy
Allegiance Confederate States of America Confederate States of America
Role Infantry
Engagements American Civil War: Battle of Rich Mountain-Battle of Cheat Mountain-Jackson's Valley Campaign-Seven Days' Battles-Second Battle of Bull Run-Battle of Antietam-Battle of Fredericksburg-Battle of Chancellorsville-Battle of Gettysburg-Battle of Cold Harbor-Siege of Petersburg-Valley Campaigns of 1864-Appomattox Campaign

The 44th Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment raised in Virginia for service in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. It fought mostly with the Army of Northern Virginia.

The 44th Virginia was organized in June 1861, with men from Richmond and Farmville, and Appomattox, Buckingham, Louisa, Goochland, Amelia, Fluvanna, and Hanover counties. The unit fought at Rich Mountain, in Lee's Cheat Mountain Campaign, and was active in Jackson's Valley operations. During March, 1862, it was reduced to nine companies as Company A was transferred to the artillery. The 44th served in General Early's, J.R. Jones', and W. Terry's Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia. It was involved in many engagements from the Seven Days' Battles to Cold Harbor, then continued the fight with Early in the Shenandoah Valley and around Appomattox. The regiment reported 5 wounded at Greenbrier River, had 2 killed and 17 wounded at McDowell, and lost 15 killed and 38 wounded at Cross Keys and Port Republic. It sustained 15 casualties at Fredericksburg and 71 at Chancellorsville, and of the 227 engaged at Gettysburg more than twenty percent were disabled. Only 1 officer and 12 men surrendered in April, 1865. The field officers were Colonels Norvell Cobb and William C. Scott; Lieutenant Colonels Thomas R. Buckner, James L. Hubard, A.C. Jones; and Major David W. Anderson.

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