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4 Squadron
AC0072JeffreyTruscottKittyhawks1942.jpg
P-40 Kittyhawk fighter-bomber aircraft similar to those flown by 4 Sqn in the Western Desert: 1941-1943
Active April 1939-December 1939
March 1941-October 1945
January 1951-October 1958
November 1961-September 1991[1]
Country South Africa
Branch South African Air Force
Role Fighter Bomber · Counter Insurgency
Motto(s) "Mors Hosti" (Death to the Enemy)[1]
Insignia
Squadron Identification Code KJ 1942-1945[2]
4 Squadron Insignia 80px

4 Squadron SAAF was a South African Air Force unit which served during World War II.

It was resurrected in 1951 and remained active until 1958. Its final period of active service was from 1961 to 1991. Its final aircraft were Impala Mk IIs. It was based at Lanseria Airport at the time of final disbandment.

History[edit | edit source]

Establishment and deployment[edit | edit source]

The squadron was initially equipped with Hawker Hartbees, Hawker Furys and Wapitis when it was first formed in April 1939 in Durban. It was disbanded soon thereafter (December 1939) and resurrected at AFB Waterkloof on 24 March 1941 flying Hurricanes.[1] Operational training took place in Kenya and soon the squadron was responsible for protection against possible Italian attacks from Somaliland. While in Kenya, it received a number of Curtiss Mohawks which had been taken over from French orders.[3]

World War II[edit | edit source]

On 1 September 1941 the squadron began to move to Egypt and converted to Tomahawks. Its first combat patrol came on 12 November, early in Operation Crusader as a fighter-bomber squadron. The squadron remained in Egypt to take part in all of the desert battles from Operation Crusader to El Alamein. The squadron also supported the advance into Tunisia as well as the invasions of Sicily and Italy. The Kittyhawks were replaced by Spitfires in July 1943. In August it moved onto Sicily and to the Italian mainland in September from where it concentrated on ground attack missions until the end of hostilities. 4 Squadron remained in Italy for two months after the end of the war; on 12 July its personnel began returning to South Africa. The squadron was disbanded in October 1945.[3]

Post World War II[edit | edit source]

4 Squadron was reformed in January 1951 at AFB Waterkloof as the Active Citizen Force element of 1 Squadron with Harvards and Spitfires until once again disbanded in October 1958. On 1 November 1961, it was reformed at Swartkop, flying Harvards and in August 1972 the first Impala Jets were received.

The squadron moved from Swartkop to Waterkloof and then to Lanseria Airport where it received Impala Mk IIs. It saw numerous deployments to South West Africa and Mpacha and Rundu airfields in Angola.[4] Its home base remained at Lanseria until it was disbanded in September 1991.[1]

Aircraft[edit | edit source]

Script error: No such module "Gallery".



Template:Lua Template:Uses TemplateStyles

This template provides advanced gallery building functionality (fine-tuned formatting control). For creating generic galleries, use the Gallery tag.

This template displays a gallery of images in an array, left-to-right in rows. Global parameters |width= and |height= control the size of all images in the gallery. The number of images per row is based upon the image width parameters and the width of the screen. The number of images per row can change when the user resizes the window.

For style guidelines about where galleries are appropriate, see Wikipedia:Image use policy#Image galleries § Notes.

Blank syntax[edit source]

{{Gallery
| title        = 
| align        =
| footer       =
| style        =
| state        =
| height       =
| width        =
| captionstyle =
| File:
 | alt1=
 | Write a caption here
| File:
 | alt2=
 | Write a caption here
| File:
 | alt3=
 | Write a caption here
| File:
 | alt4=
 | Write a caption here
| File:
 | alt5=
 | Write a caption here
}}

Parameters[edit source]

For each image[edit source]

Specify a line of the following form for each image.

|File:Filename |altn=Alt text |Caption

Where:

|File:Filename – the image's file name. Either File: or Image: prefix may be used
|Altn=alt attribute: |alt1= for the first image, |alt2= for the second image, etc
Alt text – the alternative text for the image, used by visually impaired or other readers who cannot see the image clearly. If omitted, the image's alt text will be blank.
|Caption – the caption under the image; see Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Captions

Optional parameters[edit source]

These parameters apply to the gallery:

|title= – The gallery's title
|align= – The alignment of the gallery on the page, left (default), center, or right; ignored when |state= is set
|footer= – Small, right-aligned text below the images
|style=CSS style directives for the whole gallery (see Help:Cascading Style Sheets)
|state= – Sets the default state of collapsible galleries; use |state=expanded or |state=collapsed; collapsible galleries occupy the full page width
|mode= – Sets the mode used by the inner gallery tag. Common values include |mode=packed and |mode=nolines (see Help:Gallery tag for more options)

These parameters apply to all of the images in the gallery:

|noborder= – Cancel the border surrounding the images, use |noborder=yes to set.
|whitebg= – Cancel the white background after the images, use |whitebg=no to set.
|height= – Maximum height of each image. If this parameter is not included, |height= defaults to 180 pixels.
|width= – Maximum width of each image, default is 180 pixels.
|captionstyle=CSS style directives for the captions (see Help:Cascading Style Sheets)

The image's original ratio of width to height cannot be modified by |width= or |height= – a rectangular image will not be made square if |width= and |height= are set to the same value.

Examples[edit source]

{{Gallery
|title=Cultural depictions of George Washington
|width=160 | height=170
|align=center
|footer=Example 1
|File:Federal Hall NYC 27.JPG 
 |alt1=Statue facing a city building with Greek columns and huge U.S. flag
 |Statue of Washington outside [[Federal Hall National Memorial]] in [[New York City]], overlooking [[Wall Street]]
|File:Mount Rushmore2.jpg 
 |alt2=Profile of stone face on mountainside, with 3 workers.
 |Construction of Washington portrait at [[Mount Rushmore]], c. 1932
|File:2006 Quarter Proof.png 
 |alt3=Shiny silver coin with profile of Washington bust. 
 |Washington is commemorated on a [[Quarter (United States coin)|quarter]].
|File:George Washington Presidential $1 Coin obverse.png 
 |alt4=Gold coin with bust of Washington facing slightly left
 |Washington on a [[dollar coin (United States)|dollar coin]]
}}

Template loop detected: Template:Gallery

{{Gallery
|title=Cultural depictions of George Washington
|width=120 |height=100
|align=center
|footer=Example 2a
|File:Federal Hall NYC 27.JPG
 |alt1=Statue facing a city building with Greek columns
 |Statue of Washington outside [[Federal Hall National Memorial]] in [[New York City]], overlooking [[Wall Street]]
|File:Mount Rushmore2.jpg
 |alt2=Profile of stone face on mountainside, with 3 workers.
 |Work on Washington portrait at [[Mount Rushmore]], c. 1932
|File:2006 Quarter Proof.png
 |alt3=Shiny silver coin with profile of Washington bust. 
 |Washington on a [[Quarter (United States coin)|quarter]]
|File:United_States_one_dollar_bill,_obverse.jpg
 |alt4=Front side of U.S. dollar bill, with Washington portrait in center.
 |[[United States one-dollar bill|U.S. one-dollar bill]]
|File:George Washington Presidential $1 Coin obverse.png
 |alt5=Gold coin with bust of Washington facing left
 |Washington on a [[dollar coin (United States)|dollar coin]]
}}

Template loop detected: Template:Gallery

Template loop detected: Template:Gallery

TemplateData[edit source]

Place this template on an article or user page to create a gallery of images on that page along with captions. Anyone may place this template.

Template parameters

ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
titletitle

Title for the overall gallery

Example
Pictures of chickens
Stringsuggested
alignalign

Alignment of the gallery on the page; possible values include left, right, and center

Default
left
Example
center
Stringoptional
footerfooter

Creates a footer which will appear in the lower right corner of the overall gallery, in small font, of whatever text the editor placing it wishes to put there

Example
Early works
Stringoptional
stylestyle

This parameter allows an editor to utilize Cascading Style Sheet code

Unknownoptional
captionstylecaptionstyle

This parameter allows an editor to utilize Cascading Style Sheet code for caption

Unknownoptional
statestate

This parameter allows the editor to determine whether or not the gallery will initially appear as either expanded or collapsed for readers

Default
expanded
Example
collapsed
Stringoptional
heightheight

determines the maximum height for any image within the gallery

Default
180px
Example
100px
Stringoptional
widthwidth

Analogous to height parameter; sets maximum width for any image in the gallery

Default
180px
Example
120px
Stringoptional
modemode

Sets the mode used by the inner gallery tag, see Help:Gallery tag for more options

Default
traditional
Stringoptional
nobordernoborder

Cancel the border surrounding the images

Default
no
Example
yes
Stringoptional
whitebgwhitebg

Used to disable the white background in the inner gallery tag

Default
yes
Example
no
Stringoptional

Tracking categories[edit source]

See also[edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

Footnotes
Citations
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "The Airforce - Squadrons". 4 Squadron. http://www.saairforce.co.za/the-airforce/squadrons/21/4-squadron. Retrieved September 14, 2011. 
  2. Flintham, Vic (2003). Combat Codes. Barnesly: Pen & Sword Aviation. pp. 165. ISBN 978-1-84415-691-7. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Rickard, J. "History of War". No. 4 Squadron (SAAF): Second World War. http://www.historyofwar.org/air/units/SAAF/4_wwII.html. Retrieved September 14, 2011. 
  4. Cooper, Tom (2 September 2003). "Angola: SAAF Bushwacks Six Helicopters". Central, Eastern and Southern Africa Database: Angola. Air Combat Information Unit. http://www.acig.org/artman/publish/article_183.shtml. Retrieved September 14, 2011. 

External links[edit | edit source]

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