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4e Escadre de Chasse
Country Flag of France.svg France
Branch French-roundel French Air Force
Service history
Active August 26, 2015 - present
Role Nuclear deterrence (Eng)
Dissuasion nucléaire (Fr)
Part of Strategic Air Forces
composed of:
EC 1/4 Gascogne
EC 2/4 La Fayette
ETR 3/4 Aquitaine
ESTA 15/004 Haute-Marne
Commanders
Insignia

The 4e Escadre de Chasse 4e EC or 4th Hunter Escadre (French language:4e Escadre de Chasse) is a hunter unit (French language:unité de chasse) formation of the French Air Force. The unit was initially created on May 1, 1944 then dissolved on September 1, 1993 with the disappearing of the Escadre echelon from the French Air Force. The 4th Fighter Wing was reformed on an Aerial Base on August 26, 2015.[1]

HistoryEdit

The 4e Escadre de Chasse left the FATac on September 1, 1991 to be attached to the Strategic Air Forces Command (FAS).

Dassault Mirage IIIE, France - Air Force AN0992996

Mirage IIIE of the 2/4 La Fayette.

Composition since 2015Edit

Mirage IIIE 4-AD

Mirage IIIE of the 1/4 Dauphiné.

Mirage IIIE 4-BB

Mirage IIIE of the 2/4 La Fayette.

RafaleBGascogne

Rafale B du 1/91 Gascogne.

The 4e Escadre de Chasse 4e EC was reformed in 2015 with the following squadrons:

On June 24, 2016, a ceremony celebrated the departure of the 1/7 Provence towards an Aerial Base in the United Arab Emirates and the arrival of Escadron de Chasse 3/30 Lorraine to Saint Dizier.[2] The EC 3/30 Lorraine moved to Mont-de-Marsan that summer. Nevertheless, the latter is not part of the 4e Escadre de Chasse 4e EC, however, constitutes the 30e EC.

Historical Escadrons/SquadronsEdit

ArdennesEdit

DauphinéEdit

  • Hunter Group - Groupe de Chasse II/3 Dauphiné (from May 1, 1944 until July 1, 1947)
  • Hunter Group - Groupe de Chasse I/4 Dauphiné (from July 1, 1947 until November 1, 1949)
  • Escadron de Chasse 1/4 Dauphiné (from November 1, 1949 until August 26, 1993)

FlandresEdit

  • Escadron de Chasse 3/4 Flandres (from January 1, 1950 until November 1, 1957)

La FayetteEdit

DH100lafayetteweb

Vampire of the 2/4 La Fayette in 1953.

  • Groupe de Chasse II/5 La Fayette (from May 1, 1944 until July 1, 1947)
  • Groupe de Chasse II/4 La Fayette (from July 1, 1947 until November 1, 1949)
  • Escadron de chasse 2/4 La Fayette (from November 1, 1949 until August 26, 1993)

LimousinEdit

  • Escadron de Chasse 3/4 Limousin (from August 1, 1989 until August 26, 1993)

NavarreEdit

  • Groupe de Chasse I/4 Navarre (from May 1, 1944 until December 7, 1994)

EALAEdit

During the Algerian War, three Light Support Escadrilles Aviation units (French language:Escadrilles d'Aviation Légère d'Appui, (EALA)) were patronized by the 4e Escadre de Chasse :

  • EALA 5/70 (from July 1, 1956 until June 30, 1957), re-designated EALA 17/72 (from July 1, 1957 until November 30, 1959)
  • EALA 7/70 (from March 1, 1956 until June 30, 1957), re-designated EALA 18/72 (from July 1, 1957 November 30, 1959)
  • EALA 3/4 (from December 1, 1959 until March 30, 1962)

BaseEdit

  • Alto, Corsica (1944)
  • Ambérieu (1944-1945)
  • Luxeuil (1944-1945)
  • Coblence then Mayence (from August 29, 1945 until August 19, 1947)
  • Indochina (Hanoi, Gia Lam and Don Hoi) (from August 19, 1947 until August 26, 1948)
  • Aerial Base in Germany (from August 26, 1948 until March 30, 1954)
  • Aerial Base at Bône (from July 1, 1956 until November 30, 1959) (EALA 5/70, then EALA 17/72)
  • Aerial Base at Oued Hamimin (from March 1, 1956 until November 30, 1959) (EALA 7/70 then EALA 8/72)
  • Aerial Base at Telergma (from December 1, 1959 until March 30, 1962) (EALA 3/4)
  • Aerial Base in Germany (from April 1, 1954 until June 5, 1961)
  • Aerial Base (from June 6, 1961 until August 26, 1993)
  • Aerial Base (from August 1, 1989 until August 26, 1993) (for the 3/4 Limousin)
  • Aerial Base (August 26, 2015 – present)

EquipmentEdit

  • P-47D (from May 1, 1944 until December 1949)
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk.IX (from September 1947 until August 1948)
  • De Havilland Vampire (from October 1949 until 1953)
  • Dassault Ouragan (from July 1954 until 1957)
  • Republic F-84F (from May 1957 until 1966)
  • North American T-6G (from March 1, 1956 until February 1961) (
  • North AmericanT-28 (from February 1961 until March 30, 1962)
  • Dassault Mirage IIIE (from October 1966 until November 1, 1988)
  • Dassault Mirage 2000N (since March 31, 1988)
  • Dassault Rafale B/C (since August 26, 2015)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

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