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4th Battalion, 319th Field Artillery Regiment
319FARegtDUI
319 AFAR distinctive unit insignia
Country United States
Branch Army
Service history
Active 1917–present
Commanders
Insignia
Insignia 319FARegtCOA

The 4th Battalion, 319th Field Artillery Regiment (4-319 AFAR) is the field artillery battalion that is part the 173rd Airborne Brigade Combat Team. Nicknamed "The King of the Herd", 4–319 AFAR has participated in battles from World War I to the current day.

HistoryEdit

The 4th Battalion, 319th Airborne Field Artillery Regiment (4-319 AFAR), “King of the Herd,” was activated on June 8th, 2006 from elements of D Battery, 319th Field Artillery and 1st Battalion, 33rd Field Artillery at Warner Barracks in Bamberg, Germany and assigned to the 173rd Airborne Brigade Combat Team (ABCT).

Under the U.S. Army Regimental System, the battalion traces its lineage to Battery D, 319th Field Artillery Regiment, which was originally constituted August 5th, 1917 and assigned to the 82nd Division. It was organized and activated September 9th, 1917 at Camp Gordon, Georgia and arrived in France in late 1917. The 319th Field Artillery participated in three major campaigns during WWI. At the conclusion of the war, the 82nd Division returned home and was demobilized on May 18, 1919.

The battalion was reorganized and redesignated the 319th Field Artillery Battalion (FAB) in 1942 and was ordered into active federal service on March 25th, 1942. As part of this reorganization, Battery D was absorbed into Battery A. On August 15th, 1942, the 319th FAB was reorganized and redesignated as the 319th Glider Field Artillery Battalion (GFAB). The 319th GFAB participated in all six WWII campaigns of the 82nd Airborne Division, including assault landings in Normandy and the Netherlands. The 319th GFAB was awarded two Presidential Unit Citations and two French Croix de Guerre with palm.

From 1957 until 1964, the reconstituted Battery D, 319th served in the pentomic 101st Airborne Division at Fort Campbell, Kentucky. Battery D was inactive from 1964 until 1988, when it was activated in Italy. Then known as "Delta Battery," it provided direct support to the 3rd Airborne Battalion Combat Team, 325th Airborne Infantry Regiment; to the 1st Airborne Battalion Combat Team, 508th Parachute Infantry Regiment; and finally to the 173rd Airborne Brigade.

Operation Provide ComfortEdit

Following the March 1991 cease fire, Battery D, 319th Field Artillery deployed with the 3rd Airborne Battalion Combat Team, 325th Airborne Infantry Regiment to Turkey and northern Iraq for Operation Provide Comfort.[1]

Operation Iraqi Freedom IEdit

On 26 March 2003, D/319, as part of 173rd Airborne Brigade, conducted a parachute assault on Bashur Drop Zone in northern Iraq.[2] The battery operated in northern Iraq from March 2003 until February 2004, before re-deploying to Italy.

Operation Enduring Freedom VIEdit

From February 2005 to February 2006, D/319 AFAR deployed to OEF VI, providing fire support to forces throughout Regional Command East.[3]

In June of 2006, Battery D, 319th AFAR was reorganized and redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery (HHB), 4-319 AFAR, with two organic firing batteries (Battery A, 4-319 AFAR and Battery B, 4-319 AFAR) concurrently constituted and activated. Since activation, 4-319 AFAR has deployed three times to Afghanistan.

Operation Enduring Freedom VIIIEdit

Less than a year after its formation as a battalion, 4-319 deployed to Afghanistan again, earning the Meritorious Unit Commendation for service from 27 May 2007 to 1 June 2008, while providing fire support to combat operations in Nangahar, Nuristan, Kunar, and Laghman provinces in Regional Command East.[4]

Operation Enduring Freedom XEdit

From November 2009 until November 2010, 4-319 returned to Regional Command East with the 173rd Airborne Brigade, again receiving the Meritorious Unit Commendation for combat operations in Wardak and Logar provinces. The battalion was led by then, COL David Sink and had many victories. [5] [6]

Operation Enduring Freedom XIIIEdit

The 4-319 AFAR also returned to Wardak and Logar for OEF XIII from 2012 to 2013.[7][8]

Lineage & honorsEdit

LineageEdit

  • Constituted 5 August 1917 in the National Army as Battery D, 319th Field Artillery, an element of the 82d Division
  • Organized 2 September 1917 at Camp Gordon, Georgia
  • Demobilized 18 May 1919 at Camp Dix, New Jersey
  • Reconstituted 24 June 1921 in the Organized Reserves as Battery D, 319th Field Artillery, an element of the 82d Division (later redesignated as the 82d Airborne Division)
  • Organized in January 1922 at Decatur, Georgia
  • Absorbed 13 February 1942 by Battery A, 319th Field Artillery Battalion

(Battery A, 319th Field Artillery, reorganized and redesignated 13 February 1942 as Battery A, 319th Field Artillery Battalion; ordered into active military service 25 March 1942 and reorganized at Camp Claiborne, Louisiana; reorganized and redesignated 15 August 1942 as Battery A, 319th Glider Field Artillery Battalion; reorganized and redesignated 15 December 1947 as Battery A, 319th Field Artillery Battalion; [Organized Reserves redesignated 25 March 1948 as the Organized Reserve Corps]; withdrawn 15 November 1948 from the Organized Reserve Corps and allotted to the Regular Army; reorganized and redesignated 15 December 1948 as Battery A, 319th Airborne Field Artillery Battalion)

  • Former Battery D, 319th Field Artillery, reconstituted 25 April 1957 in the Regular Army; concurrently, redesignated as Battery D, 319th Artillery, assigned to the 101st Airborne Division, and activated at Fort Campbell, Kentucky
  • Inactivated 3 April 1964 at Fort Campbell, Kentucky, and relieved from assignment to the 101st Airborne Division
  • Redesignated 1 September 1971 as Battery D, 319th Field Artillery
  • Activated 16 October 1988 in Italy
  • Assigned 16 October 2000 to the 173d Airborne Brigade (later redesignated as the 173d Airborne Brigade Combat Team)
  • Redesignated 1 October 2005 as Battery D, 319th Field Artillery Regiment
  • Reorganized and redesignated 16 September 2006 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 4th Battalion, 319th Field Artillery Regiment (organic elements concurrently constituted and activated)

Source: 4-319 Official Army Lineage and Honors

Campaign participation creditsEdit

World War I

  • St. Mihiel*
  • Meuse-Argonne*
  • Lorraine 1918*

World War II

  • Sicily*
  • Naples Foggia*
  • Normandy (with arrowhead)*
  • Rhineland (with arrowhead)*
  • Ardennes Alsace*
  • Central Europe*

War on Terrorism Campaigns to be determined

Source: 4-319 Official Army Lineage and Honors

DecorationsEdit

  • Presidential Unit Citation (Army), for CHIUNZI PASS *
  • Presidential Unit Citation (Army), for STE. MERE EGLISE*
  • Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army), for IRAQ 2003 *
  • French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War II, for STE. MERE EGLISE*
  • French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War II, for COTENTIN*
  • French Croix de Guerre, World War II, Fourragere*
  • Military Order of William (Degree of the Knight of the Fourth Class), for NIJMEGEN 1944*
  • Netherlands Orange Lanyard*
  • Belgian Fourragere 1940*
  • Cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army for action at St. Vith*
  • Cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army for action in the Ardennes*
  • Cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army for action in Belgium and Germany*

Honors marked with an asterisk were earned by the battalion or its predecessor. Unmarked honors are honors shared by all the regiment's elements based on having been earned by one of the other battalions[9]

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

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