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4th Battle Squadron
Country Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Branch Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Service history
Active 1912–24
Size Squadron
Commanders
Insignia

The British Royal Navy 4th Battle Squadron was a squadron consisting of battleships. The 4th Battle Squadron was initially part of the Royal Navy's Home Fleet. During World War I the Home Fleet was renamed the Grand Fleet. The squadron changed composition often as ships were damaged, retired or transferred.

HistoryEdit

First World WarEdit

HMS Dreadnought 1906 H61017

HMS Dreadnought

August 1914Edit

On 5 August 1914, the squadron was constituted as follows:[1]

January 1915Edit

HMS Agincourt in the North Sea 1915

The ships of the 4th Battle Squadron, Benbow, Agincourt, Bellerophon, and Temeraire steaming in the North Sea, 1915.

By January 1915, the composition had changed slightly:[1]

Battle of Jutland, June 1916Edit

As an element in the Grand Fleet, the squadron participated in the Battle of Jutland. During the Battle of Jutland, the composition of the 4th Battle Squadron was as follows:[2]

January 1917Edit

Following the Battle of Jutland, the 4th Battle Squadron was reorganized, with Colossus, Hercules, St. Vincent, Collingwood and Neptune all transferred from the 1st Battle Squadron. In January 1917, the squadron was constituted as follows:[3]

After the loss of HMS Vanguard in July 1917, HMS Superb and HMS Temeraire were detached to the Mediterranean in 1918. HMS Dreadnought rejoined the squadron as flagship in March 1918.

CommandersEdit

Commanders were as follows:[4]

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Dittmar, Frederick J; Colledge, J. J. (1972). British Warships 1914–1919. London: Ian Allan Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7110-0380-4. 
  • MacIntyre, Donald (1957). Jutland. London: Evans Brothers. ISBN 978-0-330-20142-1. 

External linksEdit

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