|5-Inch Forward Firing Aircraft Rocket|
FFARs being loaded
|Place of origin||United States|
|Used by||United States military|
|Specifications (5-inch FFAR)|
|Weight||80 pounds (36 kg)|
|Length||5 feet 5 inches (1.65 m)|
|Diameter|| Warhead: 5 inches (130 mm)|
Motor: 3.5 inches (89 mm)
|Warhead weight||45 pounds (20 kg)|
|Engine|| Solid-fuel rocket|
|1 mile (1.6 km)|
|Speed||485 miles per hour (781 km/h)|
The first FFARs were developed by the U.S. Navy and introduced in June 1943. They had a 3.5-inch diameter and a non-explosive warhead, since they were used as an aircraft-launched ASW (Anti-Submarine Warfare) rocket and worked by puncturing the hull. It was accurate enough for use against surface ships and land targets, but these missions required an explosive warhead. A 5-inch anti-aircraft shell was attached to the 3.5-inch rocket motor, creating the 5-Inch FFAR, which entered service in December 1943. Performance was limited because of the increased weight, limiting speed to 780 km/h (485 mph). The High Velocity Aircraft Rocket, or HVAR, was developed to fix this flaw.
A list of aircraft that used FFAR:
- Parsch, Andreas (2004). "Air-Launched 3.5-Inch Rockets". Directory of U.S. Military Rockets and Missiles. designation-systems.net. Archived from the original on 15 December 2010. http://web.archive.org/web/20101215203911/http://designation-systems.net/dusrm/app4/35in-rockets.html. Retrieved 2011-01-24.
- Parsch, Andreas (2006). "Air-Launched 5-Inch Rockets". Directory of U.S. Military Rockets and Missiles. designation-systems.net. Archived from the original on 15 December 2010. http://web.archive.org/web/20101215185408/http://designation-systems.net/dusrm/app4/5in-rockets.html. Retrieved 2011-01-24.
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