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5-Inch Forward Firing Aircraft Rocket
5in FFAR F4U MAG-33 Okinawa Jun1945
FFARs being loaded
Type Air-to-surface rocket
Place of origin United States
Service history
Used by United States military
Production history
Produced 1943-1945
Specifications (5-inch FFAR)
Weight 80 pounds (36 kg)
Length 5 feet 5 inches (1.65 m)
Diameter Warhead: 5 inches (130 mm)
Motor: 3.5 inches (89 mm)

Warhead High explosive
Warhead weight 45 pounds (20 kg)

Engine Solid-fuel rocket
1 mile (1.6 km)
Speed 485 miles per hour (781 km/h)

The 5-inch Forward Firing Aircraft Rocket or FFAR was an American rocket developed during World War II for attack from airplanes against ground and ship targets.

Operational historyEdit

The first FFARs were developed by the U.S. Navy and introduced in June 1943. They had a 3.5-inch diameter and a non-explosive warhead, since they were used as an aircraft-launched ASW (Anti-Submarine Warfare) rocket and worked by puncturing the hull. It was accurate enough for use against surface ships and land targets, but these missions required an explosive warhead.[1] A 5-inch anti-aircraft shell was attached to the 3.5-inch rocket motor, creating the 5-Inch FFAR, which entered service in December 1943. Performance was limited because of the increased weight, limiting speed to 780 km/h (485 mph).[2] The High Velocity Aircraft Rocket, or HVAR, was developed to fix this flaw.[2]

A list of aircraft that used FFAR:

See alsoEdit


  1. Parsch 2004
  2. 2.0 2.1 Parsch 2006

External linksEdit

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