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55th Army
Active 1941-1943
Country Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Branch Red Army
Type Combined arms
Part of Leningrad Front
Engagements

World War II

The 55th Army was a field army of the Red Army during World War II. It was part of the Leningrad Front and was formed on 1 September 1941. The army fought in the Sinyavino Offensive, Lyuban Offensive Operation and the Battle of Krasny Bor. On 25 December 1943, it was combined with the 67th Army.[1][2]

HistoryEdit

The 55th Army was formed on 1 September 1941 as part of the Leningrad Front. It was formed from the Task Force of Major General I.G. Lazarev and the 19th Rifle Corps headquarters. The army fought in the Leningrad Strategic Defensive Operation. Using the defenses of the Slutsk-Kolpino Fortified Area, the army defended Leningrad's southern approaches in the area of Kolpino, Krasnogvardeysk, Zaborje, Vyritsa, the Izhora River and the Tosna River. Its units stopped the German advance at Putrolovo, Bolshoye Kuzmino, Novaya and Verkhneye Kuzmino. From October 1941 to December 1942, the army carried out local offensives to improve its positions.[2]

In February 1943, the army fought in the Battle of Krasny Bor, during which it inflicted heavy casualties on the Blue Division and captured Krasny Bor. During the offensive, it suffered more than 10,000 casualties.[3] On 25 December 1943, the army was combined with the 67th Army.[2]

CompositionEdit

On 1 September 1941, the army contained the following units.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 "55-я армия" (in Russian). http://samsv.narod.ru/Arm/a55/arm.html. Retrieved 2016-01-02. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "55-я АРМИЯ" (in Russian). http://bdsa.ru/index2.php?option=com_content&task=emailform&id=2826&itemid=143. Retrieved 2016-01-02. 
  3. Forczyk, Robert (2009-09-22) (in en). Leningrad 1941-44: The Epic Siege. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 9781846034411. https://books.google.com/books?id=7AaaVUGaOVcC. 


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