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55th Fighter Wing Air national guard shield.svg
166th Fighter Squadron - North American F-51D-25-NA Mustang 44-73029.jpg
F-51D-25-NA Mustang 44-73029 from the 166th Fighter Squadron, Ohio Air National Guard
Active 1943–1945; 1947-1950
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Type Wing
Role Command and Control
Part of Ohio Air National Guard
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign ribbon.svg
  • World War II
European Campaign (1943–1945)
Emblem of the 55th Bomb Wing 55 bombardment wg-ww2-insignia.jpg

The 55th Fighter Wing (55 FW) is a disbanded unit of the United States Air Force, last stationed at Lockbourne Air Force Base, Columbus, Ohio. It was withdrawn from the Ohio Air National Guard (OH ANG) and inactivated on 31 October 1950.

This wing is not related to the United States Air Force 55th Strategic Reconnaissance Wing or subsequent units that was constituted on 29 June 1948 and activated on 19 July 1948.


Established in early 1943 as an intermediate-level command and control organization. Initially was a Third Air Force training unit at McDill Field, Florida, with responsibility for B-26 Marauder training by III Bomber Command.

Assigned to Fifteenth Air Force, being stationed at Bari, Italy and was inactivated on 9 September 1945.

Air National Guard[]

Allocated to the Ohio Air National Guard for command and control origination for units in the Ohio River Valley region of the United States. Extended federal recognition and activated on 21 August 1946.

At the end of October 1950, the Air National Guard converted to the wing-base (Hobson Plan) organization. As a result, the wing was withdrawn from the Ohio ANG and was inactivated on 31 October 1950. The 121st Fighter Wing was established by the National Guard Bureau, allocated to the state of Ohio, recognized and activated 1 November 1950; assuming the personnel, equipment and mission of the inactivated 55th Fighter Wing.


  • Constituted as 55th Bombardment Operational Training Wing (Medium) on 17 March 1943
Activated on 31 March 1943
Re-designated 55th Bombardment Wing (Medium) in October 1943
Re-designated 55th Bombardment Wing (Heavy) in December 1943
Inactivated 9 September 1945.
  • Re-designated 55th Fighter Wing, and allotted to the Ohio ANG on 21 August 1946
Extended federal recognition and activated on 7 December 1947
Inactivated, and returned to the control of the Department of the Air Force, on 31 October 1950
  • Disbanded on 15 June 1983




World War II[]

Ohio Air National Guard[]


 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website

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