October 1941 - February 1943|
April 1943 - 1947
Battle of Kharkov|
Battle of the Transdanubian Hills
The 57th Army was a field army of the Soviet Union's Red Army that was created in 1941, and then disbanded and created a second time in 1943. The 57th Army was employed by the Soviets in the fight against Germany during World War II.
History[edit | edit source]
First formation[edit | edit source]
The 57th Army was formed in October 1941 and subordinated to the RVGK (reserves of the supreme command). Still under RVGK control in December 1941, the 57th Army was made up of the following units.
During the May 1942 Battle of Kharkov, the army was surrounded and practically destroyed. Attempting to break out, General Podlas, the army commander, was killed in action. Slowly rebuilt, by December 1942, the army was part of the Stalingrad Front. The 57th Army was disbanded in February 1943 to form the headquarters of the 68th Army.
Second formation[edit | edit source]
The 57th Army was formed a second time in April 1943 and subordinated to the Southwestern Front. The 68th Rifle Corps first appears in Soviet OOB 1 August 1943, as part of the 57th Army, Southwestern Front. Subordinate divisions at this time were the 19th, 52nd, and 303rd Rifle Divisions. The army subsequently fought in the Ukraine, Romania, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, and Hungary until the end of the war. During the final months of the war, the army occupied the southernmost position of the Soviet front line; to the south of 57th Army on the eastern front were Bulgarian (including the Bulgarian First Army) and Yugoslavian forces. At war's end, the 57th Army was subordinated to the 3rd Ukrainian Front, and commanded the following forces.
Postwar, the 57th Army was stationed in Romania until 1947, at which time the army was disbanded.
Commanders[edit | edit source]
- 10.41 - 02.42 D. I. Riabyshev
- 02.42 - 05.42 K. P. Podlas
- 05.42 - 06.42 A. G. Batiunia
- 06.42 - 07.42 D. N. Nikishev
- 07.42 - 01.43 F. I. Tolbukhin
- 05.43 - 10.44 N. A. Gagen
- 10.44 - 05.45 M. N. Sharokhin
Notes[edit | edit source]
- Glantz, p. 58
- Newland and Chun, p. 77
- Glantz, p. 58
- Feskov, p. 45
References[edit | edit source]
- Keith Bonn, Slaughterhouse: The Handbook of the Eastern Front, Aberjona Press, Bedford, PA, 2005
- V.I. Feskov et al., The Soviet Army in the Period of the Cold War, Tomsk University Press, 2004
- David Glantz, Companion to Colussus Reborn, University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, 2005
- Jean-Luc Marchand, Order of Battle Soviet Army World War 2, 24 volumes, The Nafziger Collection
- Samuel J. Newland and Clayton K. S. Chun, The European Campaign: Its Origins and Conduct, U.S. Army War College SSI, Carlisle, PA, 2011 - Online version
[edit | edit source]
- http://samsv.narod.ru/Arm/arm.html - (Russian)
- Combat Composition of the Soviet Army via tashv.nm.ru
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