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6th Guards Motor Rifle Division (1985–1991)
166th Guards Motor Rifle Brigade (1992–1996)
90th Guards Tank Division (2016–present)
Active 1985–1996
Country

 Soviet Union (1985–1991)

 Russia (1992–1996)
Branch Soviet Army (1985–1991)
Russian Ground Forces (1992–1996, 2016-present)
Type Mechanized infantry (1985-1996)
armoured warfare (2016-present)
Garrison/HQ Borne Sulinowo (1985–1992)
Tver (1992–1996)
Chebarkul (2016-present)
Engagements First Chechen War
Decorations Order of Red Banner.png Order of the Red Banner (2)
Soviet Guards badge.png Guards
Battle honours Vitebsk
Novgorod
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Vladimir Bulgakov

The 6th Guards Motor Rifle Vitebsk-Novgorod Twice Red Banner Division (Russian: 6-я гвардейская мотострелковая дивизия; Military Unit Number 68434) was a Soviet motor rifle division, which after the end of World War II was stationed on the Polish territory as part of Northern Group of Forces. It was the second formation of the 6th Guards Motor Rifle Division, and drew its history from the 90th Guards Rifle Division.

History[]

In an exchange of numbers, the 6th Guards Lvov Motor Rifle Division (First Formation) in Germany in 1985 became the 90th Guards Tank Division, while the 90th Guards Tank Division became the 6th Guards Motor Rifle Division. The division in Poland disbanded a tank regiment and formed a motor rifle regiment, while the division in Germany formed a tank regiment.[1]

Division headquarters was located in the town of Borne Sulinowo.[1]

In November 1985, the 65th Separate Air Assault Battalion was formed from the division's 126th Separate Guards Reconnaissance Battalion in Białogard.[2] Between May and November 1986, the battalion was expanded to form the 83rd Separate Air Assault Brigade under the command of Colonel V.M. Sinitsyn.[3]

The Division withdrew from Poland in 1992 and was moved to Tver in the Moscow Military District[1] where it became the 166th Guards Motor Rifle Brigade. Between January and July 1996 it fought in the First Chechen War. In 1997 the brigade was disbanded and converted into the 70th Guards Base for Storage of Weapons & Equipment. The 70th VkhVT was finally disbanded in 1998.[4]

The 90th Guards Tank Division (Russian: 90-я гвардейская танковая Витебско-Новгородская дважды Краснознамённая дивизия; Military Unit Number 86274) was reformed by December 2016 in the Central Military District, carrying on the lineage of the 90th Guards Rifle Division.[5][6] The division inherits the awards and history of the 6th Guards Motor Rifle Division, the former 90th Guards Rifle Division. The formation was founded in accordance to the order of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Armed Forces and regulation of the Russian Defence Minister dated September 13, 2016. The division is based in the Chelyabinsk and Sverdlovsk Regions.[7]

On June 30, 2018, an ukaz of President Vladimir Putin officially conferred the honorifics Guards Vitebsk-Novgorod upon the division, while the 6th Tank Regiment became the 6th Guards Lvov Tank Regiment and the 400th Self-Propelled Artillery Regiment received the honorific Transylvania.[8][9]

Composition[]

1985[]

The division was composed of the following units.[1]

  • 16th Guards Motor Rifle Regiment
  • 82nd Guards Motor Rifle Regiment – Sypniewo
  • 252nd Motor Rifle Regiment
  • 80th Tank Regiment
  • 193rd Guards Self-Propelled Artillery Regiment
  • 1082nd Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment
  • 90th Separate Tank Battalion
  • 54th Separate Guards Communications Battalion
  • 465th Separate Anti-Tank Artillery Battalion
  • 101st Separate Guards Engineer-Sapper Battalion
  • 126th Separate Reconnaissance Battalion
  • 71st Separate Equipment Maintenance and Recovery Battalion
  • 1083rd Separate Material Supply Battalion
  • 97th Separate Medical Battalion
  • 669th Separate Missile Battalion

2018[]

  • Headquarters[10]
  • 6th Guards Lvov Tank Regiment[9][11]
  • 80th Tank Regiment
  • 239th Guards Tank Regiment
  • 228th Motorized Rifle Regiment
  • 400th Transylvania Self-Propelled Artillery Regiment[9][12]
  • Anti-Aircraft Regiment
  • 30th Separate Reconnaissance Battalion
  • 351st Separate Engineer Sapper Battalion
  • 33rd Separate Signal Battalion
  • 1122nd Separate Supply Battalion
  • 26th Separate Medical Battalion

Equipment[]

Equipment in 2018: T-72A/B/BA/B3, BMP-2, BTR-82A, Grad MLRS, TOS-1,[13][14] 2S12, 2S3.[15]

Commanders[]

  • Maj. Gen. Vladimir Vasilyevich Bulgakov (1990–1992)

Notes[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Holm, Michael. "90th Guards Tank Division". http://www.ww2.dk/new/army/td/90gvtd.htm. 
  2. Holm, Michael. "83rd independent Landing-Assault Brigade". http://www.ww2.dk/new/vdv/83odshbr.htm. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  3. "83-я отдельная гвардейская десантно-штурмовая бригада" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Defense. http://structure.mil.ru/structure/forces/airborne/structure/details.htm?id=11750@egOrganization. 
  4. "Военные рассказали о формировании танковой дивизии на Урале" (in Russian). Lenta.ru. 11 September 2016. https://lenta.ru/news/2016/09/11/tank_division/. 
  5. "Танковая дивизия на Урале будет сформирована до 1 декабря этого года" (in Russian). TASS. 11 September 2016. http://tass.ru/armiya-i-opk/3612149. 
  6. "Танковая дивизия на Урале будет сформирована до 1 декабря этого года" (in Russian). TASS. 11 September 2016. http://tass.ru/armiya-i-opk/3612149. 
  7. "90th Vitebskaya-Novgorodskaya tank division of the Red Banner of the Central MD started combat training". Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation. 2016-12-01. http://eng.mil.ru/en/news_page/country/more.htm?id=12105158@egNews. Retrieved 15 December 2017. 
  8. "In Provocative Move, Putin Names Regiments After Ukrainian Cities, Warsaw, Berlin" (in en). https://www.rferl.org/a/putin-names-regiments-after-ukrainian-belarusian-cities-warsaw-and-berlin/29333014.html. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 "Путин присвоил военным частям имена украинских городов". lenta.ru. 2 July 2018. https://lenta.ru/news/2018/07/02/ukraine/. 
  10. "Центральный военный округ" (in Russian). Milkavkaz. 22 Mar 2016. Archived from the original on 2017-04-05. https://web.archive.org/web/20170405202734/http://www.milkavkaz.net/2015/12/centralnyj-voennyj-okrug.html. Retrieved 2017-05-03. 
  11. "Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 30.06.2018 № 382 'О присвоении 6 танковому полку почетного наименования'". http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201807020008. 
  12. "Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 30.06.2018 № 383 'О присвоении 400 самоходному артиллерийскому полку почетного наименования'". http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201807020014. 
  13. "Более 1,5 тыс. военных применили новые формы ведения боя в ходе учений на Урале." (in ru). TASS. 2017-04-21. http://tass.ru/armiya-i-opk/4200654. Retrieved 2017-04-23. 
  14. "На Урале около 10 тыс. военнослужащих ЦВО приступили к занятиям на полигонах". Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation. 12 January 2018. http://eng.mil.ru/en/multimedia/photo/gallery.htm?id=50531@cmsPhotoGallery. Retrieved 13 January 2018. 
  15. "Полупрямые "карусели" Чебаркуля" (in ru). Red Star. 2016-03-29. Archived from the original on 2017-04-24. https://archive.li/20170424044420/http://www.redstar.ru/index.php/syria/item/28281-polupryamye-karuseli-chebarkulya. Retrieved 2017-04-24. 

References[]

  • Andrew Wojtaszak, Kazimierz Kozlowski: Soldier Polish Western Pomerania X-XX century: the materials of scientific session of 10 November 1999: collective work. Wilson: Department of Civic Education, 2001. ISBN 83-86992-76-X .

External links[]


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