|Place of origin||Germany|
|In service||Never issued|
|Number built||small batch for C.I.P. registration|
|Parent cartridge||.338 Lapua Magnum|
|Case type||Rimless, bottleneck|
|Bullet diameter||7.82 mm (0.308 in)|
|Neck diameter||8.68 mm (0.342 in)|
|Shoulder diameter||14.06 mm (0.554 in)|
|Base diameter||14.91 mm (0.587 in)|
|Rim diameter||14.93 mm (0.588 in)|
|Rim thickness||1.52 mm (0.060 in)|
|Case length||57.00 mm (2.244 in)|
|Overall length||79.00 mm (3.110 in)|
|Case capacity||5.84 cm3 (90.1 gr H2O)|
|Rifling twist||250 mm (1-10")|
|Primer type||Large rifle magnum|
|Maximum pressure||470.00 MPa (68,168 psi)|
Test barrel length: 27.5" (699 mm)|
The 7.62mm UKM (7.62 x 57 mm) is a specialized rimless bottlenecked centerfire cartridge developed for long-range rifles. The commercially successful .338 Lapua Magnum cartridge has functioned as the parent case for the 7.62mm UKM, which is essentially a necked-down shortened version of the .338 Lapua Magnum. The .338 cartridge case was used for this since it has the capability to operate with high chamber pressures which, combined with smaller and hence lighter bullets result in high muzzle velocities.
The 7.62mm UKM was developed by Michael Uekötter and C.I.P. (Commission Internationale Permanente pour l'Epreuve des Armes à Feu Portatives) certified in 2002, so it is an officially registered and sanctioned member of the Finnish "family" of super magnum rifle cartridges. The 7.62mm UKM is not commercially available today and currently (2008) exists only as a C.I.P. datasheet. It is however still used by a few shooters who produce the cases from .338 Lapua Magnum brass by reshaping the shoulder and neck, and handloading it with .30 calibre bullets.
The 7.62mm UKM has a 5.84 ml (90 grains) H2O cartridge case capacity. The exterior shape of the Lapua Magnum case was designed to promote reliable case feeding and extraction in bolt action rifles and machineguns alike, under extreme conditions.
7.62mm UKM maximum C.I.P. cartridge dimensions. All sizes in millimeters (mm).
Americans would define the shoulder angle at alpha/2 ≈ 20 degrees. The common rifling twist rate for this cartridge is 254 mm (1 in 10 in), 6 grooves, Ø lands = 7.62 mm, Ø grooves = 7.82 mm, land width = 2.79 mm and the primer type is large rifle magnum.
According to the official C.I.P. guidelines the 7.62mm UKM case can handle up to 470 MPa (68,167 psi) piezo pressure. In C.I.P. regulated countries every rifle cartridge combo has to be proofed at 125% of this maximum C.I.P. pressure to certify for sale to consumers.
This for rifles very high maximum allowed chamber pressure level indicates that the cases of the .300 and .338 Lapua Magnum and 7.62mm UKM are built extremely sturdy to cope with this for rifles very high operating pressure. The large boltface combined with the high 470 MPa maximum pressure makes that the 7.62mm UKM should only be chambered in rifles that are capable of handling such large and fierce cartridges and thus high bolt thrust safely. Chambering such powerful super magnum cartridges in rifles intended for normal magnum rifle cartridges and using 470 MPa loads can cause serious or fatal injury to the shooter and bystanders.
The 7.62mm UKM’s main appeal is long-range shooting. Due to the large case capacity in relation to the 7.62 mm (.308 inch) calibre bore size the 7.62mm UKM is harsh on barrels. The 7.62mm UKM typically wears out a rifle barrel in 750 to 1500 rounds. A lot of thorough barrel cleaning (after every 5 to 10 shots) and carefully avoiding long strings of shots help to minimize barrel wear.
The American .300 Dakota proprietary cartridge, based on the .404 Jeffery case, is probably the closest currently (2008) commercially available ballistic twin of the 7.62mm UKM. The .300 Dakota is however a rebated rim cartridge.
- C.I.P. CD-ROM edition 2003
- C.I.P. decisions, texts and tables (free current C.I.P. CD-ROM version download (ZIP and RAR format))
- QuickLOAD internal ballistics predictor computer program for fire arms
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