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7.7 cm Feldkanone 96 neuer Art
7.7 cm Feldkanone 16 IMG 6414b.jpg
A captured FK 96 n.A. on display at the War memorial of Pébrac, Loire
Type Field gun
Place of origin German Empire
Service history
Used by Kingdom of Bulgaria
Estonia
German Empire
Latvia
Lithuania
Second Polish Republic
Ottoman Empire
Wars World War I
Production history
Number built 5,086
Specifications
Weight 1,020 kg (2,250 lb)
Barrel length 2.080 m (6 ft 10 in) L/27
Width 1.53 m (5 ft)
Crew 5

Shell separate loading, cased charge
Caliber 77 mm (3 in)
Breech horizontal sliding wedge
Recoil hydro-spring
Carriage pole trail
Elevation -12° 56' to +15° 8'
Traverse 7° 15'
Rate of fire 10 rpm
Muzzle velocity 465 m/s (1,530 ft/s)
Effective range 5,500 m (6,000 yd)
Maximum range 8,400 m (9,200 yd)
with trail dug in

The 7.7 cm Feldkanone 96 neuer Art (7.7 cm FK 96 n.A.) was a field gun used by Germany in World War I.

Description[]

Gun team moving up into action, March 1918

Front view of gun at Light Horse and Field Artillery Museum, Nar Nar Goon, Victoria, Australia.

The gun combined the barrel of the earlier 7.7 cm FK 96 with a recoil system, a new breech and a new carriage. Existing FK 96s were upgraded over time. The FK 96 n.A. was shorter-ranged, but lighter than the French Canon de 75 modèle 1897 or the British Ordnance QF 18 pounder gun; the Germans placed a premium on mobility, which served them well during the early stages of World War I. However, once the front had become static, the greater rate of fire of the French gun and the heavier shells fired by the British gun put the Germans at a disadvantage. The Germans remedied this by developing the longer-ranged, but heavier 7.7 cm FK 16.

As with most guns of its era, the FK 96 n.A. had seats for two crewmen mounted on its splinter shield. Guns taken into service by Poland, Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia upon independence in 1919 served until replaced during the 1930s.

Ammunition[]

  • Feldgranate 96: a 6.8 kilogram (15 lb) high-explosive shell filled with .19 kg (0.45 lbs) of TNT.
  • FeldkanoneGeschoss 11: A 6.85 kilogram (15.1 lb) shell combining high explosive and shrapnel functions. It contained 294 10 gram lead bullets and .25 kilograms (0.55 lb) of TNT.
  • A 6.8 kilogram (15 lb) pure shrapnel shell filled with 300 lead bullets.
  • An anti-tank shell
  • A smoke shell
  • A star shell
  • A gas shell

It mainly used the K.Z. 11 time fuze or the later L.K.Z. 16 contact fuze.

Weapons of comparable role, performance and era[]

References[]

  • Hogg, Ian. Twentieth-Century Artillery. New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 2000 ISBN 0-7607-1994-2
  • Jäger, Herbert. German Artillery of World War One. Ramsbury, Marlborough, Wiltshire: Crowood Press, 2001 ISBN 1-86126-403-8

External links[]


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