|72 Motorised Brigade|
72 Motorised Brigade emblem
|Branch||South Africa Army|
|Part of||South African Composite Brigade|
|Engagements||South African Border War|
|72 Mot Brigade Command Bar|
72 Motorised Brigade was a Formation of 7th Infantry Division (South Africa), a combined arms force consisting of infantry, armour and artillery.
History[edit | edit source]
Origin[edit | edit source]
18 Brigade[edit | edit source]
72 Brigade can trace its origins back to a structure in the late 1960s, called 18 Brigade, which was headquartered in Kensington. On 1 August 1974, through a reorganization of the Army’s conventional force, the name was changed to 72 Motorised Brigade.
Initial Structure[edit | edit source]
Under this reorganisation, the following units were transferred from Witwatersrand Command to the new command:
- Transvaal Scottish Regiment, 1st Battalion
- South African Irish Regiment,
- Johannesburg Regiment,
- 1 Light Horse Regiment,
- Transvaal Horse Artillery,
- 12 Field Squadron,
- 72 Signal Squadron,
- 7 Maintenance Unit,
- 31 Field Workshop and
- 5 Field Ambulance.
Higher Command[edit | edit source]
During its period 72 Motorised Brigade resorted at different stages under the 7 and 8 Divisions.
Brigade Training and Exercises[edit | edit source]
72 Motorised Brigade would generally make use of the General de Wet Training Range, Tempe, near Bloemfontein. Notably 72 Motorised Brigade was involved in Exercise Thunder Chariot, a Divisional exercise held since 1956, at the Army Battle School. Other exercises included:
- Exercise de Wet 2 in April and May 1975
- Exercise Quicksilver in May 1978 in the Kimberly-Schmidtsdrift-Douglas area
- Exercise Eagle Hill 1 in April 1979 at Lohatla
Operational Activation[edit | edit source]
As a Citizen Force structure, 72 Motorised Brigade would make use of call-up orders for its personnel to generally report for 3 months service. Headquarters staff would then leave for Tempe near Bloemfontein, where a transfer camp would be established to process troops en route to the operational area in northern South West Africa. Processing of units would include personal documentation, a medical examination, inoculation and the issuing of equipment and weapons. Each unit on completion of the necessary processing, would entrain to the Olienhoutplaat Station for a six-day journey to Grootfontein, the railhead near the Operational Area.
South West Africa and Angola[edit | edit source]
In January 1976 72 Motorised Brigade was mobilised mainly to protect the Ruacana/Caluque Water scheme in the Cunene River. Colonel S.W.J. Kotze took control of the Brigade at that stage. On 27 March 1976, the formation returned from Angola.
The rear headquarters[edit | edit source]
By 1978, the Brigade took over 1 Mobilisation Centre in Pretoria as its Rear Headquarters.
Freedom of the City[edit | edit source]
72 Motorised Brigade received the Freedom of Johannesburg on the 16th February 1980.
Insignia[edit | edit source]
Leadership[edit | edit source]
- Brigadier S.J. Terblanche 1974
- Colonel S.W.J. Kotze 1976- 1980
- Colonel E. Webb 1980
Notes[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
[edit | edit source]
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