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The '''77th Fighter Squadron (77 FS)''' is part of the [[20th Fighter Wing]] at [[Shaw Air Force Base]], South Carolina. It operates the [[F-16 Fighting Falcon]] aircraft conducting air superiority missions.
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The '''77th Fighter Squadron (77 FS)''' is part of the [[20th Fighter Wing]] at [[Shaw Air Force Base]], South Carolina. It operates the [[F-16 Fighting Falcon]] aircraft conducting air superiority missions.
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The squadron is one of the oldest in the United States Air Force, its origins dating to 20 February 1918, being organized at [[Rich Field]], Waco Texas, as a pilot training Squadron during [[World War I]]. The squadron saw combat during [[World War II]], and became part of the [[United States Air Forces in Europe]] (USAFE) during the [[Cold War]].
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The squadron is one of the oldest in the United States Air Force, its origins dating to 20 February 1918, being organized at [[Rich Field]], Waco Texas, as a pilot training Squadron during [[World War I]]. The squadron saw combat during [[World War II]], and became part of the [[United States Air Forces in Europe]] (USAFE) during the [[Cold War]].
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==History==
 
==History==
 
===Early history===
 
===Early history===
 
The 77th Aero Service Squadron was organized at [[Rich Field]], [[Waco Field]], Texas on 20 February 1918 with 2Lt. George P. Southworth as the squadron’s first commander. On 28 February the squadron along with the [[78th Fighter Squadron|78th]] and 79th (which had also been reborn at Rich Field) moved by train on the Missouri Kansas & Texas Railway (commonly known as the Katy Railway) to Taliaferro Fld #1 (later named Hicks Field), Fort Worth, Texas. The 77th would then move to Taliaferro Field # 2 (later named [[Barron Field]]), Everman, Texas on 18 March 1918. In May 1918 2Lt. John Mason Tilney became Squadron Commander. On 21 July 1918 the 77th was redesignated Permanent School Squadron "A," Barron Field, Texas. A letter dated 24 July 1918 states “The use of numerical designations of squadrons will be restricted to those overseas and the eighty reserve squadrons authorized to be established at all times in this country”. The vacated numbers were to be assigned to new squadrons as they were organized to replace squadrons shipped overseas. Some time after the squadrons designation was changed 2Lt. Edward S. Winfree took command and finally 2Lt. Hugh C. Downey became the squadron's last commander.
 
The 77th Aero Service Squadron was organized at [[Rich Field]], [[Waco Field]], Texas on 20 February 1918 with 2Lt. George P. Southworth as the squadron’s first commander. On 28 February the squadron along with the [[78th Fighter Squadron|78th]] and 79th (which had also been reborn at Rich Field) moved by train on the Missouri Kansas & Texas Railway (commonly known as the Katy Railway) to Taliaferro Fld #1 (later named Hicks Field), Fort Worth, Texas. The 77th would then move to Taliaferro Field # 2 (later named [[Barron Field]]), Everman, Texas on 18 March 1918. In May 1918 2Lt. John Mason Tilney became Squadron Commander. On 21 July 1918 the 77th was redesignated Permanent School Squadron "A," Barron Field, Texas. A letter dated 24 July 1918 states “The use of numerical designations of squadrons will be restricted to those overseas and the eighty reserve squadrons authorized to be established at all times in this country”. The vacated numbers were to be assigned to new squadrons as they were organized to replace squadrons shipped overseas. Some time after the squadrons designation was changed 2Lt. Edward S. Winfree took command and finally 2Lt. Hugh C. Downey became the squadron's last commander.
   
The 77th and later Squadron "A" provided personnel for base administrative activities and for various positions needed to maintain operations on Barron Field. The squadron was officially demobilized on 18 November 1918, but recently found documents seem to show the unit was not demobilized until March 1919.
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The 77th and later Squadron "A" provided personnel for base administrative activities and for various positions needed to maintain operations on Barron Field. The squadron was officially demobilized on 18 November 1918, but recently found documents seem to show the unit was not demobilized until March 1919.
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There is also evidence that a third 77th Aero Service Squadron may have existed. A letter from the Office Director Military Aeronautics Operations Section to Commander Barron Field dated 23 September 1918 requests that the records for the 77th Aero Service Squadron (renamed Squadron "A" by this time) be sent to Aviation General Supply Depot and Concentration Camp, Garden City, Long Island, New York for reorganization of the 77th.
 
There is also evidence that a third 77th Aero Service Squadron may have existed. A letter from the Office Director Military Aeronautics Operations Section to Commander Barron Field dated 23 September 1918 requests that the records for the 77th Aero Service Squadron (renamed Squadron "A" by this time) be sent to Aviation General Supply Depot and Concentration Camp, Garden City, Long Island, New York for reorganization of the 77th.
   
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{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
{{Commons|77th Fighter Squadron (United States Air Force)}}
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{{Commons|77th Fighter Squadron (United States Air Force)}}
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{{Wikipedia|77th Fighter Squadron}}
 
{{Wikipedia|77th Fighter Squadron}}
   

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