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85th Air Division
USAF - 85th Air Division.png
85th Air Division (Defense) emblem
Active 10 November 1943 – 30 June 1948;
8 September 1955 – 1 September 1958.
Country United States
Branch Air Force
Part of see "Assignments" section below
Garrison/HQ see "Stations" section below
Equipment see "Aerospace vehicles" section below

Asiatic-Pacific Campaign ribbon.svg

see "Lineage and honors" section below

95th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron Convair F-102A-65-CO Delta Dagger 56-1154 85th Air Division, Andrews Air Force Base, Maryland, March 1958

95th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron North American F-86D-55-NA Sabre 53-600, Andrews AFB, MD, 1955

The 85th Air Division is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with the Air Defense Command Eastern Air Defense Force, being stationed at Andrews Air Force Base, Maryland. It was inactivated on 1 September 1958.


During World War II, the 85th Fighter Wing was a command and control organization of Fifth Air Force, operating primarily in the Southwest Pacific Theater. Its assigned units participated in aerial combat in New Guinea and the Philippine Islands (February 1944 – August 1945) flyingt cover missions for convoys, patrols, escorted bombers, attacked enemy airfields, and supported ground forces.

After the war's end, the organization provided fighter protection for the Philippine Islands and conducted an intensive training program in aerial combat, gunnery, and instrument flying, until the units inactivation in June 1948.

During the Cold War the unit was reactivated as an Air Division by Air Defense Command. It was assigned to the Eastern Air Defense Force in September 1955 with a mission to intercept unidentified aircraft over the Washington, D.C. area. It participated in numerous training exercises. It also took part in gunnery and air-launched training and readiness tests. Inactivated in September 1958.


  • Established as 85 Fighter Wing on 4 November 1943
Activated on 10 November 1943
Inactivated on 30 June 1948
  • Redesignated 85 Air Division (Defense) on 3 May 1955
Activated on 8 September 1955
Inactivated on 1 September 1958.



  • Hamilton Field, California, 10 November 1943
  • San Francisco Airport, California, 10 November 1943 – 10 January 1944
  • Gusap Airfield, New Guinea, 25 February 1944
  • Hollandia Airfield Complex, New Guinea, 24 July 1944
  • Bayug Airfield, Leyte, Philippine Islands, 24 October 1944





See also[]


 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website

External links[]

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