FANDOM

250,865 Pages

ANZAC Parade, a significant road and thoroughfare in the Australian capital Canberra, is used for ceremonial occasions and is the site of many major military memorials.

ANZAC Parade - Memorials (north to south)
Limestone Avenue (roundabout) Fairbairn Avenue
Parade
space for memorial space for memorial
space for memorial space for memorial
Constitution Avenue
AS ANZAC Pk west

ANZAC Park West offices

AS ANZAC Pk east

ANZAC Park East offices

Parkes Way (fountain) Parkes Way
(Space for Memorial) (Lake Edge)
Lake Burley Griffin

Named in honour of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps of World War I, ANZAC Parade joins Gallipoli Reach of Lake Burley Griffin in the south and the Australian War Memorial to the north, is on the main axis between Parliament House and Mount Ainslie, and is the bisector of Constitution Avenue that forms the side of the Parliamentary Triangle between Civic and Russell Hill.

Looking down Anzac Parade from the AWM

Looking down Anzac Parade from the Australian War Memorial.

The Parade is flanked by Eucalyptus trees on gently sloping banks either side of the three-lane, one-way roads centred by a wide parade ground topped with granulated rock (similar to scoria) with planted boxes of a low bush called Hebe. The Eucalypts are Australian; and the Hebe comes from New Zealand. The Parade is also flanked by the streets of Anzac Park West and Anzac Park East on either side of Anzac Park.

On ANZAC Day, 25 April and other ceremonial occasions the Parade and adjoining streets may be blocked off to provide a parade route for formed groups of armed services personnel and veterans to proceed either along the central parade route or the flanking roads. Removable concrete kerbs to facilitate marching along the central parade route are at the cross streets, Parkes Way, Constitution Avenue, Currong Street/Blamey Crescent, and Limestone Avenue/Fairbairn Avenue.

Memorial interpretationEdit

In the manner of interpretation of museum displays, the memorials are accompanied by several forms of signage to assist the passer-by. Each memorial has various plaques or foundation stones that were laid at the time of unveiling. Additionally, interpretative signage in a common format has been provided by the Government of Australia adjacent to each memorial that gives succinct information about the nature and/or the site of the people or group or events leading to the establishment of the memorial.

Situation and historyEdit

The Parade separates the residential suburbs of Campbell and Reid. The naming is significant:

  • Robert Campbell, Sydney's first merchant, received a grant of land on the Limestone Plains as compensation for the loss of one of his ships on government charter. In 1825 he built a homestead, naming it Duntroon after the Campbell castle in Argyllshire, Scotland. Duntroon House is now part of the Royal Military College, Duntroon.
  • Right Honourable Sir George Houstoun Reid (1845–1918) was Prime Minister of Australia 1904-1905, a Federalist and one of the founders of the Australian Constitution, Australia's fourth Prime Minister who formed a Government in August 1904 and held office until July 1905. He entered the Australian House of Representatives after having been Premier of New South Wales from 1894 to 1898.
File:AnzacParadeCanberra1964.jpg

At the corner of ANZAC Parade and Constitution Avenue is the historic St John the Baptist Anglican Church, consecrated by the Bishop of Australia, William Broughton, on 12 March 1845, some 80 years before the site of the national capital was decided. Fortuitously, the alignment of the church was such that it seems to have been designed to fit the alignment the adjoining roads, ordained in the plans by Walter Burley Griffin.

LightingEdit

The street lighting was updated and officially opened on 26 March 2001 by the Prime Minister of Australia, Hon. John Howard MP. The design is intended to be efficient and thus reduce energy consumption and thus air pollution while also reducing skyglow, light pollution / photopollution. The original lighting was designed to be a symbolic "honour guard" and was opened by then Prime Minister, Robert Menzies, on ANZAC Day 25 April 1965.

Heritage listingEdit

On ANZAC Day 25 April 2006 Federal Environment and Heritage Minister Ian Campbell announced that ANZAC Parade along with the Australian War Memorial would be added to the National Heritage List.

External linksEdit

Route map: Bing / Google

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.