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5.56 AR-M1
File:Returning fire (5198239646).jpg
An Afghan policeman with an AR-M1
Type Assault rifle
Place of origin Bulgaria
Service history
Used by See Users
Wars Afghanistan War
Iraq Wars
Russo-Georgian war
Libyan Civil War
Yemeni Civil War (2015-present)
Production history
Manufacturer Arsenal AD
Variants AR-SF, AR-M4SF, AR-M14SF, AR-M7SFT, AR-M2F, AR-M2T/AR-M2TB, AR-M52T/AR-M52TB, AR-M11F, AR-M8F, AR-M52FB, AR-M1F, AR-M7F, AR-M7T, AR-M75F, AR-M9, AR-M9F[1]
Weight (without magazine) 3.62 kg (7.98 lb)[2]
Length 930 mm (36.6 in)[2]

Cartridge 5.56×45mm NATO and 7.62×39mm
Action Gas-operated reloading
Rate of fire 700 rounds/min[3]
Muzzle velocity 910 m/s (2,986 ft/s)[2]
Effective range 600m[3]
Maximum range 1,350 m[2]
Feed system 30-round detachable box magazine[3]
Sights 370 mm (14.6 in) sight radius[2]

The AR-M1, also known as AK-47M1, is a Bulgarian derivative of the Kalashnikov rifle. All variants are featured with a milled receiver, based on the AK-47 Type 3.[4]

Versions[edit | edit source]

The -F model features a folding stock.

  • AR-M1 / AR-M1F - improved AK-47 copy with an AK-74 front sight base, flash suppressor, black polymer stock set, luminous spots on the iron sights and a rail for mounting optics. Chambered in 5.56×45mm NATO and 7.62×39mm.
  • AR-M2 / AR-M2F - improved AK-47 copy like the AR-M1/AR-M1F, but with a shortened barrel, AKS-74U front sight base and muzzle booster/flash suppressor hybrid.
  • AR-M4SF - extremely short development of the AKSU with red dot sight, provision to mount a night vision or laser sight. Chambered in 5.56×45mm NATO[5] and 7.62×39mm.
  • AR-M7F - improved AK-47 copy like the AR-M1, but with an AK-101-style folding stock.
  • AR-M9 / AR-M9F - improved AK-47 copy like the AR-M1/AR-M1F, features a thumb-operable fire selector and a different style polymer stock set.[6]
  • AR / AR-F - improved AK-47 copies with black polymer lining and optional luminous sights.[7][8]

Users[edit | edit source]

  •  Afghanistan
  •  Azerbaijan[9]
  •  Bulgaria
  •  Burundi[10]
  •  Colombia[11]
  •  Egypt[12]
  •  Georgia: 3500 5.45 AR-M1 rifles imported[13]
  •  Honduras: 5.56 AR-M4SF used by the Police[5]
  •  India: AR-M and AR-F in use with Indian Army.[14] Several Hundred Thousand AR-M,AR-F,AR-M1F41 and AR-M5F41 in use with CRPF and other Central & State Police Forces [15][16]
  •  Indonesia: AR-M1F used by Tontaipur.[17][18]
  •  Iraq: 751 5.56mm AR-M1F rifles,[3] also AR-M1s[19]
  •  Ivory Coast[20]
  •  Libya: 11th Lightning Battalion uses AR-M9s[6]
  •  Nigeria: AR-M1s[21][22]
  •  Serbia: Arsenal AR[23]
  •  Sudan: AR-M9s[24]
  •  United Arab Emirates: AR-M9s[24]
  •  Yemen: AR-M9s[24]

Non-state actors[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Comparative Table for 7.62x39 mm ARSENAL Assault Rifles - Arsenal JSCo. - Bulgarian manufacturer of weapons and ammunition since 1878". http://www.arsenal-bg.com/comparative-table-for-762x39-mm-arsenal-assault-rifles-6. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "5.56x45 and 7.62x39 mm AR-M1 - Arsenal JSCo. - Bulgarian manufacturer of weapons and ammunition since 1878". http://www.arsenal-bg.com/c/556x45-762x39-mm-assault-rifles-barrel-length-415-mm-44/556x45-and-762x39-mm-ar-m1-30. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction (28 October 2006). Iraqi Security Forces: Weapons Provided by the US Department of Defense Using the Iraq Relief and Reconstruction Fund (Report). SIGIR-06-033. pp. 8, 17. http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a460516.pdf. 
  4. https://www.arsenal-bg.com/c/assault-rifles-24
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Police Small Arms Arsenals in the Northern Central American Triangle". 4 December 2015. http://www.sadefensejournal.com/wp/?p=3259. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Jenzen-Jones, N.R.; McCollum, Ian (April 2017). Small Arms Survey. ed. Web Trafficking: Analysing the Online Trade of Small Arms and Light Weapons in Libya. Working Paper No. 26. p. 53. http://www.smallarmssurvey.org/fileadmin/docs/F-Working-papers/SAS-SANA-WP26-Libya-web-trafficking.pdf. 
  7. https://www.arsenal-bg.com/c/556x45-762x39-mm-assault-rifles-barrel-length-415-mm-44/762x39-mm-ar-49
  8. https://www.arsenal-bg.com/c/556x45-762x39-mm-assault-rifles-barrel-length-415-mm-44/762x39-mm-ar-f-50
  9. https://www.flickr.com/photos/39955793@N07/7999918704/
  10. https://www.flickr.com/photos/usarmyafrica/4324781393/
  11. https://www.laprogressive.com/colombia-peace-negotiations/
  12. https://www.dw.com/en/egypt-gunmen-launch-deadly-attack-on-coptic-church/a-41968020
  13. Jenzen-Jones, N.R.. "UN small arms trade register". http://www.un-register.org/SmallArms/CountryDetail.aspx?Register_Id=559. 
  14. https://twitter.com/Commandounknown/status/1120946518545059841
  15. http://www.defproac.com/?p=7570
  16. https://defence.pk/pdf/threads/ordnance-factory-develops-assault-rifle.484512/
  17. https://batam.tribunnews.com/2018/02/16/inilah-tontaipur-kostrad-pasukan-elite-tni-ad-jago-kubur-diri-pakai-pelepah-daun-pepaya
  18. http://indonesiaeliteforces.tripod.com/id13.html
  19. Picture of an Iraqi soldier with an AR-M1[better source needed]
  20. de Tessières, Savannah (April 2012) (in fr). Enquête nationale sur les armes légères et de petit calibre en Côte d'Ivoire: les défis du contrôle des armes et de la lutte contre la violence armée avant la crise post-électorale (Report). Special Report No. 14. UNDP, Commission Nationale de Lutte contre la Prolifération et la Circulation Illicite des Armes Légères et de Petit Calibre and Small Arms Survey. p. 97. http://www.smallarmssurvey.org/fileadmin/docs/C-Special-reports/SAS-SR14-CoteIvoire.pdf. 
  21. africaken1 (30 Nov 2016). "Nigeria army soldier armed with a 7.62x39 mm Bulgarian ARSENAL Assault Rifles AR-M1 with fixed butt stock". https://twitter.com/africaken1/status/804198894175481856. 
  22. africaken1 (17 Apr 2017). "Nigeria soldiers armed with 7.62x39 mm Bulgarian ARSENAL AR-M1 fixed Buttstock Assault Rifles". https://twitter.com/africaken1/status/854188211706486787. 
  23. https://web.archive.org/web/20160325075022/http://www.vs.rs/index.php?content=4749f06a-04b2-102c-b61c-7e17f68cdaa3
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 Jenzen-Jones, N.R. (31 January 2016). "Bulgarian AR-M9 & AR-M9F rifles supplied by UAE to allied forces". The Hoplite. http://armamentresearch.com/bulgarian-ar-m9-ar-m9f-rifles-supplied-by-uae-to-allied-forces/. 
  25. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/child-soldiers-middle-east-numbers-double-syria-yemen-iraq-libya-sudan-a7942291.html
  26. https://www.middleeasteye.net/news/meet-child-soldiers-yemen-sent-battle-adults

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