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ARA Patagonia (1885)
Crucero Patagonia -1887
Cruiser Patagonia
Career (Argentina) Flag of Argentina.svg
Name: Patagonia
Namesake: The Patagonia region in South America
Ordered: 1885
Builder: Stabilimento Tecnico Triestino, Trieste, Austro-Hungarian Empire
Laid down: 1886
Launched: 1886
Completed: 1886
Commissioned: 1886
Decommissioned: 1927
Fate: Scrapped
General characteristics
Type: Armoured cruiser
Displacement: 1530 tons
Length: 67 m (219.8 ft)
Beam: 10 m (32.8 ft)
Draft: 7 m (23 ft)
Propulsion: 2-shaft Horizontal Compound Engines, 2,400 ihp (1,800 kW), 5 cylindrical boilers, 350 tons coal
Speed: 14 knots (16 mph; 26 km/h)
Range: 3500 nautical miles
Complement: 140
Armament:
Armour:
  • Protected deck: 30 mm (1.2 in)
  • Glacis over engines:
  • Gun shields: 100 mm (3.9 in)
  • Bridge: 37 mm (1.5 in)
  • Belt:
  • The ARA Patagonia was an armoured cruiser that served in the Argentine Navy between 1886 and 1927.

    DesignEdit

    The Patagonia was a steam-sail armoured cruiser with steel hull and wooden planking, and armoured conning tower. It was propelled by two compound horizontal engines, and two masts with brick sails.

    It was equipped with two searchlights, two small steam boats, and five smaller boats with oars.

    As designed, its main battery was one 250mm Armstrong gun at the bow, and one 150mm Armstrong gun at the stern and on each side; with Vavasseur mountings protected with armoured shields. The secondary battery had four 87.5 mm and two 65.2mm Armstrong guns. It also mounted eight Nordenfelt machine guns and six Gardner machine guns.

    In 1899 the 250mm gun and two 150mm guns were removed, and the remainder artillery was redistributed.

    HistoryEdit

    The Patagonia was ordered in 1885 to the shipyard Stabilimento Tecnico Triestino in Trieste at a cost of £100,000; this transaction was widely criticized in Argentina as the Austro-Hungarian navy was purchasing ships in England rather than locally.

    The ship was launched in 1886; its construction was completed that year. After finalizing trials, it departed Trieste on January 20, 1887, arriving in Buenos Aires on February 28 same year.

    In January and February 1902 it participated in the naval exercises as part of the 3rd Division; it simulated a blockade of the River Plate in which it was successful.

    By 1918 all weapons are removed and it is modified function as a transport ship under the same name, completing two trips between Buenos Aires and Ushuaia until being decommissioned in 1925.

    ReferencesEdit

    NotesEdit

    BibliographyEdit

    • Bóveda, Jorge Rafael (2009). "Las maniobras Navales de 1902. La evolución de las tácticas de la Armada Argentina ante el conflicto con Chile, 1881-1902" (in Spanish). 

    See alsoEdit

    Further readingEdit

    • Arguindeguy, Pablo (1972) (in Spanish). Apuntes sobre los buques de la Armada Argentina (1810-1970). Buenos Aires, Argentina: Comando en Jefe de la Armada. 
    • Caillet-Bois, Teodoro (1944) (in Spanish). Historia Naval Argentina. Buenos Aires: Imprenta López. 
    • Arguindeguy, Pablo E.; Rodríguez, Horacio (1999) (in Spanish). Buques de la Armada Argentina 1852-1899 sus comandos y operaciones. Buenos Aires: Instituto Nacional Browniano. 
    • Burzio, Humberto (1960) (in Spanish). Armada Nacional. Secretaria de Estado de Marina. 
    • Piccirilli, Ricardo; Gianello, Leoncio (1963) (in Spanish). Biografías navales. Buenos Aires: Secretaría de Estado de Marina. .

    External linksEdit

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