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ARA Santa Cruz (1921)
Career (Argentina) Flag of Argentina.svg
Name: Santa Cruz
Namesake: province of Santa Cruz, Argentina
Ordered: 1920
Builder: Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering, Govan, Glasgow, Scotland
Launched: 1921
Completed: 1921
Commissioned: 1922
Struck: 1948
Fate: Scrapped 1948
Notes: Transferred to YPF after arrival in Argentina
General characteristics
Type: Tanker
Displacement: 5,700 tons
Length: 110.94 m (364.0 ft)
Beam: 1,432 m (4,698.2 ft)
Draft: 8.6 m (28 ft)
Propulsion: 1-shaft, 1 × marine steam engine
Speed: 12 knots (14 mph; 22 km/h)
Range: 9,900 miles
Armament: none
Notes: Career and characteristics data from “Histarmar” [1] and “Flota YPF” [2] websites.

ARA Santa Cruz was an auxiliary ship of the Argentine Navy, built in the Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering Shipyard, Govan, Scotland, in 1921. She was transferred to the YPF tanker fleet after arrival in Argentina, and remained in YPF service until decommissioned and scrapped in 1948. The vessel was named after the Argentine province of Santa Cruz, and is the ninth Argentine naval ship with this name. [1][2]

DesignEdit

Santa Cruz was a tanker built at the Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Company shipyard at Govan, Scotland, United Kingdom. She had a metal hull and superstructure, two masts, and a single funnel. [1]

She was powered by a three-cylinder triple expansion marine steam engine, with two oil-fired boilers, generating 8,500 HP.[1][2]

HistoryEdit

The tanker Santa Cruz was ordered by the /argentine Naval Commission in London by direct contract with Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Company shipyard, signed in November 1920; the cost was 345.000 sterling pounds. The name was assigned by decree OG 101/921 on 6 June 1921.[1]

Santa Cruz was launched on 22 June 1921, completed in November, and arrived in Buenos Aires on 28 December 1921 with an Argentine Navy crew led by Frigate Captain Pedro Casal. She was transferred on 16 January 1922 to Yacimientos Petroliferos Fiscales (YPF) with the same name, serving in the YPF fleet until struck in 1948.[1] On 13 October 1942 her crew rescued survivors from the American Liberty ship John Carter Rose sunk by the German submarine U-201 about 620 nmi (1,150 km; 710 mi) east of Trinidad.[3]

Santa Cruz was scrapped in 1948, at Campana, Argentina.[1]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

BibliographyEdit

Other sourcesEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Rodríguez, Horacio; Arguindeguy, Pablo (in Spanish). Buques de la Armada Argentina: Sus comandos y operaciones. Vol. III. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Presidencia de la Nación, Secretaría de Cultura. 
  • Caillet-Bois, Teodoro (1944) (in Spanish). Historia Naval Argentina. Buenos Aires: Imprenta López. 

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