|ATA-214 class tug|
ATA-217 at war's end
|General characteristics |
|Type:||Auxiliary Fleet Tug|
|Displacement:||1,550 long tons (1,575 t)|
|Length:||194.5 ft (59.3 m)|
|Beam:||34.6 ft (10.5 m)|
|Draft:||14.1 ft (4.3 m)|
|Propulsion:||Diesel-electric engines, 1 shaft, 1,500 hp (1,119 kW)|
|Speed:||12.1 knots (13.9 mph; 22.4 km/h)|
|Armament:||various; see text|
The ATA-214 class was a group of five auxiliary tugs built for the United States Navy in World War II and decommissioned shortly thereafter. They were laid down initially as Ailanthus-class net laying ships, but on 10 July 1944 the last ten ships of the latter class were cancelled. On 5 August 1944 the cancellation was rescinded for those on which construction had commenced (these five), and they were directed to be completed as tugs. The originally assigned names were dropped, and they were identified only by hull numbers ATA-214 through 218.
Some changes were made as construction progressed. After the first two were completed (ATA-214 and ATA-216) the mainmast was moved forward to rest directly behind the funnel, and the boom on this mast was eliminated as unnecessary. Armament varied as well, based upon experiences with the Ailanthus class vessels already built. The first two completed had a single 3" gun mounted on a platform ahead of the bridge, and three 20mm antiaircraft guns mounted in two tiers in front of the funnel. It was found that the upper of these three was too close to the funnel, and for the next two (ATA-215 and ATA-217) this mount was relocated immediately behind the mainmast. For the last ship (ATA-218) the 3" gun was eliminated (though its platform remained) and two 40mm AA guns were mounted on the forecastle.
All five served in the Pacific theater, and ATA-215, ATA-216, and ATA-218 also participated in the occupation of Japan in various periods from September to November 1945. ATA-215 was loaned to the Ronne Antarctic Research Expedition and sold upon its return; the others were sold through the Maritime Commission.
Class members[edit | edit source]
|Name||Name as ordered||Laid Down||Launched||Decommissioned||Fate|
|ATA-214||Palo Blanco (AN-64)||22 May 1943||17 June 1944||21 November 1945||wrecked off Syria on 9 September 1953|
|ATA-215||Palo Verde (AN-65)||19 July 1943||2 September 1944||20 June 1946||foundered off Newfoundland on 15 April 1963|
|ATA-216||Allthorn (AN-70)||31 October 1943||27 May 1944||26 March 1946||scrapped 1968|
|ATA-217||Tesota (AN-71)||11 December 1943||29 July 1944||7 May 1946||burned off Mexico 17 February 1949|
|ATA-218||Yaupon (AN-72)||29 January 1944||16 September 1944||26 March 1946||unknown; scrapped?|
References[edit | edit source]
- Roberts, Stephen S.. "Class: ATA-214". Shipscribe. http://www.shipscribe.com/usnaux/ATA/ATA214.html. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
- "USS ATA-215". NavSource Online. http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/38/38215.htm. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
- "USS ATA-214". NavSource Online. http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/38/38214.htm. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
- "USS ATA-216". NavSource Online. http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/38/38216.htm. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
- "USS ATA-218". NavSource Online. http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/38/38218.htm. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
- "USS ATA-217". NavSource Online. http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/38/38217.htm. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
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