|Firefly ATR 72|
|First flight||27 October 1988|
|Introduction||27 October 1989 (Finnair)|
|Status||In production, In service|
|Primary users|| Wings Air|
Azul Linhas Aereas
Air New Zealand
|Number built||1,000 as of 17 July 2018|
|Unit cost|| |
72–600: US$26 million (2017)
|Developed from||ATR 42|
The ATR 72 is a twin-engine turboprop, short-haul regional airliner developed and produced in France and Italy by aircraft manufacturer ATR (Aerei da Trasporto Regionale or Avions de transport régional), a joint venture formed by French aerospace company Aérospatiale (now Airbus) and Italian aviation conglomerate Aeritalia (now Leonardo S.p.A.). The number "72" in its name is derived from the aircraft's standard seating configuration in a passenger-carrying configuration, which could seat 72–78 passengers in a single-class arrangement.
During the 1980s, French aerospace company Aérospatiale and Italian aviation conglomerate Aeritalia merged their work on a new generation of regional aircraft. For this purpose, a new jointly owned company was established, ATR, for the purpose of developing, manufacturing, and marketing their first airliner, which was later designated as the ATR 42. On 16 August 1984, the first model of the series, designated as the ATR 42-300, performed the type's maiden flight. During the mid-1980s, the ATR 72 was developed as a stretched variant of the ATR 42. On 27 October 1989, Finnish airline Finnair became the first airline to operate the type in revenue service. The ATR 72 has also been used as a corporate transport, cargo aircraft, and maritime patrol aircraft.
To date, all of the ATR series have been completed at the company's final assembly line in Toulouse, France; ATR benefits from sharing resources and technology with Airbus SE, which has continued to hold a 50% interest in the company. Successive models of the ATR 72 have been developed. Typical updates have included new avionics, such as a glass cockpit, and the adoption of newer engine versions to deliver enhanced performance, such as increased efficiency and reliability and reductions in operating costs. The aircraft share a high degree of commonality with the smaller ATR 42, which is also still in production.
During the mid-1980s, ATR sought to introduce a larger airliner with capacity. This new regional airliner, designated as the ATR 72, was directly developed from the earlier ATR 42 and continued to share many commonalities with it; the principal difference between the two airliners was an increase in the maximum seating capacity from 48 to 78 passengers. This was principally achieved by stretching the fuselage by 4.5 m (15 ft), along with an increase of the wingspan, the use of more powerful engines, and increased fuel capacity by about 10%.
On 15 January 1986, the launch of the stretched ATR 72 programme was announced. On 27 October 1988, the first prototype performed its maiden flight; one year later, on September 25, 1989, the ATR 72 received airworthiness certification from the French Directorate General for Civil Aviation. During the following month, on 27 October 1989, Finnish airline Finnair became the first airline to introduce the aircraft into service. Since the ATR 72 is assembled on the same production line as the smaller ATR 42, along with sharing the majority of subsystems, components, and manufacturing techniques, the two types support each other to remain in production. This factor may have been crucial as, by 2015, the ATR 42 was the only 50-seat regional aircraft that was still being manufactured.
During 2000, the combined global ATR fleet reached its 10,000,000th flight, during which a distance around 4 billion km (2.5 billion statute miles) had been flown and around 450 million passengers had flown on board ATR-built aircraft. The 2007 production set a new record for the programme's sales; a total of 113 new ATR aircraft had been ordered during a single year. By the end of 2014, ATR had received 1,000 orders for the type and delivered a total of 754, leaving a backlog of 246 aircraft.[needs update]]]
Within the ATR company, various organisational changes were implemented. On 10 July 1998, ATR launched its new Asset Management Department. In June 2001, EADS and Alenia Aeronautica, ATR's parent companies, decided to reinforce their partnership, regrouping all industrial activities related to regional airliners into the ATR consortium. On 3 October 2003, ATR became one of the first aircraft manufacturers to be certified under ISO 9001-2000 and EN/AS/JISQ 9100, the worldwide quality standard for the aeronautics industry. During July 2004, ATR and Brazilian aircraft manufacturer Embraer announced a co-operation agreement on the AEROChain Portal for the purpose of delivering improved customer service. During April 2009, ATR announced the launch of its 'Door-2-Door' service as a new option in its comprehensive customer services range.
Since 2008, ATR has been a participant in the European Clean Sky Joint Technology Initiative. On 8 July 2015, an ATR 72-600 'green' technology demonstrator performed its first flight; the demonstrator was used for testing new composite materials for insulation, air conditioning systems, electrical distribution systems, and energy dispersal modifications to evaluate their effect on the aircraft's overall efficiency as a contribution to the Clean Sky initiative. ATR's senior vice-president for engineering Alessandro Amendola indicated that the elimination of all uses of bleed air was a key aim in the designing of an all-electric architecture as well as improving engine efficiency; the minimising of peak electrical loads was also a stated priority. During March 2016, a second round of flight trials dedicated the testing of all-electric systems architecture using the demonstrator was completed; analysis is set to continue.
The current production version is the ATR 72-600 series. On 2 October 2007, ATR CEO Stéphane Mayer announced the launch of the −600 series aircraft; the ATR 42–600 and ATR 72–600 featured various improvements to increase efficiency, dispatch reliability, lower fuel burn and operating costs. While broadly similar to the earlier -500 model; differences include the adoption of improved PW127M engines, a new glass cockpit, and a variety of other minor improvements.
As a consequence of strong demand for the -600 series, ATR decided to invest in the establishment of a second, more modern final assembly line and acquisition of more hangar space at its Toulouse site, along with a new large completion and delivery area; overall, the manufacturing operation expanded to four times the footprint that it had in 2005. Speaking in October 2015, ATR CEO Patrick de Castelbajac stated that the firm was set to produce in excess of 90 aircraft that year, and that the new manufacturing facilities could support a production rate of up to 120 per year. At the time, the company had a backlog of orders for 300 aircraft, sufficient for three years of production. During 2017, a new in-house financing and leasing division was established by ATR in order to offer customers a greater degree of support and expand the company's range of services.
Considerable emphasis has been placed upon the continuous development of ATR's aircraft models. Speaking at the Farnborough Airshow in July 2016, the CEO of ATR Patrick de Castelbajac stated that the company was currently examining the possibility of replacing the current Pratt & Whitney Canada PW127 engine with either a new offer from P&WC, or a GE38 derivative from GE Aviation. Although expressing satisfaction with the PW127 engine and its supplier, Castelbajac noted the design's age and the need to remain competitive with the latest regional jets. To be a worthwhile exercise, any re-engine exercise would require a 15 per cent improvement in fuel-burn and 20-25 per cent reduction of direct maintenance costs. Additionally, Castelbajac sees the potential re-engine as a "bridge" to the eventual development of a larger 100-seat aircraft.
During the mid-2010s, reports emerged that the development of a further stretched 90-seat ATR model was under consideration as well; allegedly, shareholder Airbus was relatively unenthusiastic on proceeding with such a development, while Airbus CEO Fabrice Brégier favoured a focus on resolving manufacturing issues. However, in January 2018, ATR's parent company Leonardo announced that the 100-seat program has been formally brought to a close.
The ATR 72 is a turboprop-powered regional airliner, capable of accommodating a maximum of 78 passengers. It is powered by a pair of Pratt & Whitney Canada PW100 turboprop engines, which drive an arrangement of four or six-bladed propellers supplied by Hamilton Standard. Earlier models of the ATR 72 are equipped with the older PW124B engine, rated at 2,400 shp, whilst later-built aircraft are powered by the newer PW127 engine, rated at a maximum of 2,750 shp to achieve improved "hot and high" takeoff performance. It can land and takeoff in high airports with short runways like the Andorra Airport. It employs carbonfibres for 30% of the wing by weight, for a 20% weight reduction.
In a standard configuration, the aircraft does not have an auxiliary power unit; when present it is installed within the C4 cargo section. Most operators of the ATR 72 equip their aircraft with a propeller brake (referred to as "Hotel Mode") that stops the propeller on the No. 2 (right) engine, allowing the turbine to continue running and provide both airflow and electrical power to the aircraft while on the ground.
In the majority of configurations, passengers board the ATR 72 using the rear door, a relatively unusual configuration for a passenger aircraft, while the front door is typically used for the loading and unloading of cargo; early customer Finnair intentionally ordered its ATR 72s with a front passenger door so that it could utilize the jet bridges at Helsinki Airport, while operator Air New Zealand's standard rear door aircraft can use jet bridges at airports with this equipment. While passengers are boarding or disembarking the aircraft, a tail stand is set into place as standard procedure to guard against the aircraft nose lifting off the ground.
2011 was a record-breaking year for sales at ATR. According to ATR's CEO Filippo Bagnato, sales had continued to grow during the Great Recession despite the downturn experienced by most aviation companies as "fuel consumption that can be half that of the alternatives and [with] lower maintenance costs". Bagnato noted the strength of Africa as a market for the type, as well at the firm's aircraft being capable of serving destinations that would otherwise be inaccessible with other aircraft due to the austere conditions of many airstrips and runways in the region, as well as the ability to operate autonomously without any reliance upon ground support equipment.
For 2013, ATR claimed a 48 percent global market share for regional aircraft deliveries between 50 and 90 seats (comprising both turboprops and jets), making it the dominant manufacturer in this market segment. That same year, during which firm orders for 10 ATR 42-600s and 79 ATR 72-600s were recorded, leasing companies were responsible for 70 per cent of these; according to ATR's CEO Filippo Bagnato: "Years ago, we were not even considered by the lessors; now they see ATRs as a good investment". Several major leasing companies operate their own ATR fleets, such as Dubai Aerospace Enterprise (DAE), who placed an order for 20 ATR 72s along with options for another 20 in February 2014, and Nordic Aviation Capital (NAC), who ordered a fleet of 30 ATR 72s during June 2013, along with options for up to 55 further airliners. Placing their first order during 2011, by December 2012, Singaporean leasor Avation had a combined total of 20 ATR 72s on order; by February 2016, the number on order for Avation had risen to 35 aircraft.
During May 1997, ATR achieved their first breakthrough sale in China, placed by operator China Xinjiang Airlines and the Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC). By 2013, while the Asia Pacific region had comprised the majority of ATR's sales when geographically ranked; however, orders from Chinese airlines remained elusive; Bagnato ascribed this anomaly to local market conditions dictating the typical use of larger aircraft, as well as a Chinese government policy of imposing high tariffs on the import of foreign-built fixed-wing aircraft. During late 2014, ATR set up a new office in Beijing and hired several former Airbus sales personnel with the aim of launching the type in the Chinese market. ATR believed that many of the already-flown routes did not suit larger 150-seat aircraft; however, of the roughly 2,600 commercial aircraft flying in China at that time, only 68 had a capacity of less than 90 seats and of these, fewer than 20 were powered by turboprop engines.
In response to airlines often wanting to replace their early production ATR models with the latest generation ATR series, as well as to answer demand from cargo operators for the type, ATR has operated two separate dedicated freighter conversion programmes, known as the Bulk Freighter (tube version) and the ULD Freighter. Both conversions involve complete stripping of furnishings along with the addition of floor strengthening, new window plugs and 9g restraining nets, six additional longitudinal tracks for added flexibility, and an E-Class cabin; the ULD model can accommodate standard ULD-packaged cargo, such as LD3 containers or 88 by 108 inches (2,200 mm × 2,700 mm) pallets, which were loaded via a large cargo door located on the port forward side. Undertaken by a range of companies, such as Alenia subsidiary Aeronavali, Texas-based M7 Aerospace; French firms Indraéro Siren and Aeroconseil, Canadian Infinion Certification Engineering, and Spanish company Arrodisa, by October 2012, in excess of one-fifth of all first-generation ATR 42 and ATR 72 aircraft had already been converted to freighters.
During February 2016, ATR signed a deal with flag carrier Iran Air for a batch of 20 ATR 72-600s, along with options for 20 more aircraft and post-purchase services, such as engine maintenance. Made possible by a negotiated relaxation of international sanctions against Iran, during June 2017, a €1 billion Iranian contract was finalised for the 20 airliners; the delivery of the first four aircraft occurred within weeks of the deal being completed. US sanctions against Iran were reimposed in August 2018, by which time 13 of the order of 20 aircraft had been delivered. In April 2019 the US Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) issued a two-year licence to ATR to allow it to supply spare parts and other essentials to keep the fleet of 13 ATR 72-600s in operation. However, the remaining 7 ATR 72-600s from the 2016 order remain sanctioned and in storage.
While primarily used as a civil aircraft, some ATR 72s have been adapted to perform in various military functions, such as utility aircraft and maritime patrol aircraft (MPA). The Turkish Navy, which initially decided to purchase ten ATR 72–500 MPA, later expanded its order to eight aircraft: Two ATR 72–600 TMUA (utility) versions, and six ATR 72–600 TMPA (ASW/ASuW) versions. The armed ATR 72 TMPA variant was developed in cooperation with Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI), and incorporated additional sensors and mission systems to perform its intended combat role. During 2013, the two ATR 72–600 TMUA aircraft were delivered to the Turkish Navy.
Italian Air ForceEdit
The Italian Air Force also selected the ATR 72–500 MP, designated as the P-72A, to serve as a multirole maritime patrol, electronic surveillance and C4 platform. The original Italian requirement for a Breguet Atlantic replacement had also called for ASW and anti-surface warfare (ASuW) capabilities, however, during 2014, the contract was renegotiated to a configuration that excluded these capabilities. An anticipated P-72B variant for ASW and ASuW operations may later be pursued; accordingly, provisions were made to allow for the four P-72As on order to be adapted to the P-72B configuration. In December 2016, the first pair of P-72A aircraft were delivered to the Italian Air Force.
A single ATR 72 MP was ordered by Italy's paramilitary Guardia di Finanza (GdF) in July 2019, followed by an order for a further three ATR 72s in October 2019. The aircraft will supplement the GdF's existing force of four ATR-42s in the border surveillance, maritime patrol and search and rescue roles.
On 8 November 2017, FedEx Express launched the -600 cargo variant with 30 firm orders plus 20 options, in a freighter configuration from the factory.
As of September 2018, 187 early variants had been produced with 172 operated by 55 carriers, 365 -500s were delivered with more than 350 in service at 75 operators, 444 -600s were produced and are operated by 74 carriers with a backlog of 231 orders. By then, with more than 60 -500s and 40 -600s in storage, new aircraft leases fell to $130,000 per month from $170,000. The -600 list price of $26.8M is typically discounted by 25% for a $20.1M value, a 2012 aircraft is valued $13.3M and leased $115,000, falling to $10.2M and $100,000 in 2021, a D check costs $0.5M and the engine overhaul costs $0.3-1.0M.
Two sub-types were marketed as the 100 series (−100).
- ATR 72–101
- Initial production variant with front and rear passenger doors, powered by two PW124B engines and certified in September 1989.
- ATR 72–102
- Initial production variant with a front cargo door and a rear passenger door, powered by two PW124B engines and certified in December 1989.
- ATR 72–201
- Higher maximum take-off weight variant of the −101, a PW124B-powered variant certified in September 1989.
- ATR 72–202
- Higher maximum take-off weight variant of the −102, a PW124B-powered variant certified in December 1989.
Two sub-types were marketed as the 210 series (−210): the −211 (and with an enlarged cargo door, called the −212) is a −200 with PW127 engines producing 2,750 shp (2,050 kW) each for improved performance in hot and high-altitude conditions. The sub-types differ in the type of doors and emergency exits
- ATR 72–211
- PW127-powered variant certified in December 1992.
- ATR 72–212
- PW127-powered variant certified in December 1992.
Certified in January 1997 and fitted with either PW127F or PW127M engines, the −212A is an upgraded version of the −210 using six-bladed propellers on otherwise identical PW127F engines. Other improvements include higher maximum weights and superior performance, as well as greater automation of power management to ease pilot workload.
- ATR 72–500
- Initial marketing name for the ATR 72-212A.
- ATR 72–600
- Marketing name for ATR 72-212A with different equipment fit. The −600 series aircraft was announced in October 2007; the first deliveries were planned for the second half of 2010. The prototype ATR 72–600 first flew on 24 July 2009; it had been converted from an ATR 72–500.
- The ATR 72–600 features several improvements. It is powered by the new PW127M engines, which enable a 5% increase in takeoff power via a "boost function" used only when called for by takeoff conditions. The flight deck features five wide LCD screens (improving on the EFIS of earlier versions). A multi-purpose computer (MPC) aims at increasing flight safety and operational capabilities, and new Thales-made avionics provide Required Navigation Performance (RNP) capabilities. It also features lighter seats and larger overhead baggage bins. In December 2015, the EASA approved a new high-density seating layout, raising the maximum capacity from 74 to 78 seats.
- Bulk Freighter (tube versions) and ULD Freighter (Large Cargo Door). ATR unveiled a large cargo door modification for all ATR 72 at Farnborough 2002, coupled with a dedicated cargo conversion. FedEx, DHL, and UPS all operate the type.
- Freighter variant of the -600, 8 November 2017 launch with 30 firm orders from FedEx plus 20 options. The first should be delivered in 2020.
- P-72A ASW
- The ATR 72 ASW integrates the ATR 42 MP (Maritime Patrol) mission system with identical on-board equipment, but with additional anti-submarine warfare (ASW) capabilities. A variant of the −500 (itself a version of the maritime patrol model of the ATR 42–500) is also in production. For the ASW and ASuW missions, it is armed with a pod-mounted machine gun, lightweight aerial torpedoes, anti-surface missiles, and depth charges. They are equipped with the Thales AMASCOS (Airborne Maritime Situation and Control System) surveillance system as well as electronic warfare and reconnaissance systems, enabling the type to perform maritime search and rescue duties.
- A VIP version of the −500 is available with a luxury interior for executive or corporate transport.
- ATR 82
- During the mid-1980s, the company investigated a 78-seat derivative of the ATR 72. This would have been powered by two Allison AE2100 turboprops (turbofans were also studied for a time) and would have had a cruising speed as high as 330kt. The ATR-82 project (as it was dubbed) was suspended when AI(R) was formed in early 1996.
- ATR Quick Change
- This proposed version targeted the increasing demand of worldwide cargo and express mail markets, where the aim is to allow operators to supplement their passengers flights with freighter flights. In Quick Change configuration, the smoke detector is equipped alongside other modifications required in order to meet the certification for full freight operations. The aircraft was equipped with a larger cargo door (1.27 m [50 in] wide and 1.52 m [60 in] high) and low door-sill height of an average 1.2 m (4 ft), facilitating containerized freight loading. It takes 30 minutes to convert the aircraft on ATR 42, while for ATR 72, it takes 45 minutes. Each optimized container has 2.8 m3 (99 cu ft) of usable volume and maximum payload is 435 kg (960 lb).
As of July 2019, 775 ATR 72s were in airline service, with a further 171 on order. Primary ATR 72 airline operators (with 15 aircraft or more) were:
- Wings Air (Lion Group): 64
- Azul Brazilian Airlines: 33
- Air New Zealand: 29
- IndiGo: 23
- Swiftair: 22
- Firefly: 20
- Cebgo: 19
- Binter Canarias: 20
- ASL Airlines Ireland: 18
- Alliance Air (Air India): 18
- Air Algérie: 15
- Bangkok Airways: 15
- Stobart Air: 15
Accidents and incidentsEdit
|31 Oct 1994||American Eagle 4184||68||0||USA, near Roselawn, IN||Crash due to icing|
|30 Jan 1995||TransAsia Airways||4||0||Taiwan, near Taipei||Crash into a hillside, four crew killed.|
|21 Dec 2002||TransAsia 791||2||0||Taiwan, near Makung City||Crash due to icing, both crew died.|
|6 Aug 2005||Tuninter 1153||16||23||Italy, near Palermo||Ditch due to fuel exhaustion caused by inappropriate indicators.|
|4 Aug 2009||Bangkok Airways 266||1||71||Thailand, Koh Samui Airport||Skid into a disused tower, killing the captain|
|4 Nov 2010||Aero Caribbean 883||68||0||Cuba, near Guasimal||Icing and bad crew decisions.|
|2 Apr 2012||UTair 120||33||10||Russia, Tyumen Airport||Crash soon after takeoff. Incorrect deicing procedures.|
|16 Oct 2013||Lao Airlines 301||49||0||Laos, near Pakse Airport||Crash into the Mekong while on approach.|
|23 Jul 2014||TransAsia Airways 222||48||10||Taiwan near Magong Airport||Crash while landing.|
|4 Feb 2015||TransAsia Airways 235||43||15||Taiwan, Keelung River near Taipei||Engine failure on takeoff, crash after still-functional engine shut down|
|18 Feb 2018||Iran Aseman Airlines 3704||66||0||Iran, near Yasuj Airport||Crash into Mount Dena.|
Specifications (ATR 72–600)Edit
Data from ATRGeneral characteristics
- Crew: 2
- Capacity: 70 seats at 30 inch pitch standard, 2-2 abreast (68 to 78 seats)
- Length: 27.17 m (89 ft 2 in)
- Wingspan: 27.05 m (88 ft 9 in)
- Width: 2.57 m (8 ft 5 in) (cabin, maximum)
- Height: 7.65 m (25 ft 1 in)
- Wing area: 61.0 m2 (657 sq ft)
- Aspect ratio: 12
- Empty weight: 13,311 kg (29,346 lb) Typical in-service: 13,500 kg (29,762 lb)
- Max takeoff weight: 23,000 kg (50,706 lb)
- Fuel capacity: 5,000 kg (11,000 lb)
- Max payload: 7,500 kg (16,500 lb)
- Powerplant: 2 × Pratt & Whitney Canada PW127M , 1,846 kW (2,475 shp) each
- Propellers: 6-bladed Hamilton Standard 568F, 3.93 m (12 ft 11 in) diameter
- Cruising speed: 510 km/h (317 mph; 275 kn) TAS
- Range: 1,528 km; 949 mi (825 nmi) typical in-service OEW, 70 PAX@95kg
- Service ceiling: 7,620 m (25,000 ft) 
- Rate of climb: 6.88 m/s (1,355 ft/min)
- Fuel consumption: 1.49 kg/km (5.3 lb/mi)
- Takeoff: 1,367 m (4,485 ft) [MTOW]
- ↑ "ATR delivers 1,000th ATR 72, best-selling regional aircraft in production today Tuesday". ATR. 17 July 2018. http://www.atraircraft.com/newsroom/pressrelease/atr-delivers-1-000th-atr-72-best-selling-regional-aircraft-in-production-today-1499-en.html.
- ↑ David Kaminski-Morrow (9 May 2017). "IndiGo tentatively signs for 50 ATRs". Flight Global. https://www.flightglobal.com/news/articles/indigo-tentatively-signs-for-50-atrs-437012/.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 "Milestones". ATR. http://www.atraircraft.com/about-atr/corporate-overview/milestones.html.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Sheppard, Ian. "ATR Continues To Drive Turboprop Revolution." Archived 30 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine. AIN Online, 8 November 2015.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Sheppard, Ian. "ATR Creates Leasing, Asset Management & Freighter Unit." Archived 30 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine. AIN Online, 7 June 2017.
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Milestones". ATR. 2006. Archived from the original on 17 October 2006. https://web.archive.org/web/20061017034141/http://www.atraircraft.com/milestone2.htm.
- ↑ "ATR: record year in terms of sales, deliveries, turnover and backlog". ATR. 21 January 2015. http://www.atraircraft.com/newsroom/atr-record-year-in-terms-of-sales-deliveries-turnover-and-backlog-1309-en.html.
- ↑ Polek, Gregory. "ATR's “Green” Demonstrator Takes Flight." Archived 26 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine. AIN Online, 8 July 2015.
- ↑ Dubois, Thierry. "ATR Studies All-Electric Architecture for Turboprops." Archived 30 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine. AIN Online, 22 March 2016.
- ↑ "Defense & Security Intelligence & Analysis: IHS Jane's — IHS". http://www.janes.com/articles/Janes-All-the-Worlds-Aircraft/ATR-42-International.html.
- ↑ "Photos: ATR ATR-42-600 Aircraft Pictures". Airliners.net. http://www.airliners.net/photo/Untiteld/ATR-ATR-42-600/2186608/L/.
- ↑ 12.0 12.1 "Re-engining ATR could be bridge to 100-seater – CEO". Flight global. 12 July 2016. https://www.flightglobal.com/news/articles/farnborough-re-engining-atr-could-be-bridge-to-100-427326/.
- ↑ 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 Dubois, Thierry. "ATR Wants Better Access to China Market." Archived 30 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine. AIN Online, 11 February 2014.
- ↑ "ATR parent Leonardo rules out 100-seat turboprop" (in en-GB). Flightglobal.com. 2018-01-30. https://www.flightglobal.com/news/articles/atr-parent-leonardo-rules-out-100-seat-turboprop-445340/.
- ↑ "ATR72 first with carbon-fibre wing". Flight International. 19 March 1988. https://www.flightglobal.com/FlightPDFArchive/1988/1988%20-%200652.PDF.
- ↑ 16.0 16.1 Alcock, Charles. "ATR's Record Year Set To Get Better." Archived 30 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine. AIN Online, 11 November 2011.
- ↑ "Dubai Aerospace Enterprise Orders up to 40 ATR 72-600s." Archived 16 August 2017 at the Wayback Machine. deagel.com, 12 February 2014. Retrieved: 15 April 2015.
- ↑ "ATR scores big order at Paris, delivers Avianca ATR 72-600." Archived 29 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Aviation International News. Retrieved: 26 December 2014.
- ↑ Francis, Leithen. "Singapore Lessor Orders More ATR 72s." Archived 31 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine. Aviation Week, 19 December 2012.
- ↑ "Avation places $130 million aircraft order with ATR." Archived 31 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine. Reuters, 16 February 2016.
- ↑ Dubois, Thierry. "ATR Sets Sights on China." Archived 30 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine. AIN Online, 14 February 2016.
- ↑ 22.0 22.1 Endres, Günter. "IN FOCUS: Recession woes continue at small end of cargo conversion market." Archived 30 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine. Flight International, 26 October 2012.
- ↑ "Iran signs deal to buy 20 more airplanes." Archived 3 February 2016 at the Wayback Machine. The Washington Post, 02 February 2016.
- ↑ "Iran Poised to Buy 40 Regional ATR 72 Passenger Planes." Archived 30 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine. Sputnik News, 16 February 2016.
- ↑ Hepher, Tim (13 April 2017). "Europe's ATR says completes deal selling 20 planes to IranAir". http://uk.reuters.com/article/atr-aircraft-idUKL8N1HL2H1.
- ↑ Polek, Gregory. "ATR, Iran Air Seal $536 Million Deal for 20 ATR 72-600s." Archived 30 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine. AIN Online, 11 April 2017.
- ↑ Polek, Gregory. "Iran Air Takes Delivery Of Its First Four ATR 72-600s." Archived 30 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine. AIN Online, 16 May 2017.
- ↑ "Iran Air Receives Vital Spares". p. 16.
- ↑ "ATR 72–600 TMPA: The new generation maritime patrol aircraft for the Turkish Navy." Archived 22 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine. navyrecognition.com, 11 May 2013. Retrieved: 15 April 2015.
- ↑ "Raytheon to provide torpedo integration for Turkish Navy ATR-72-600ASW maritime patrol aircraft". 17 July 2014. http://www.navyrecognition.com/index.php/news/defence-news/year-2014-news/july-2014-navy-naval-forces-maritime-industry-technology-security-global-news/1898-raytheon-to-provide-torpedo-integration-for-turkish-navy-atr-72-600asw-maritime-patrol-aircraft.html.
- ↑ 31.0 31.1 31.2 Pocock, Chris. "Leonardo Delivers ATR 72 Maritime Patrollers to Italy." Archived 31 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine. AIN Online, 20 December 2016.
- ↑ "Turkish navy receives first utility-roled ATR 72-600." Archived 3 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Reed Business Information Limited, Retrieved: 26 December 2014.
- ↑ Perry, Dominic. "Alenia Aermacchi P-72A MPA tests near completion." Archived 30 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine. Flight International, 13 October 2015.
- ↑ 34.0 34.1 Pittaway, Nigel (December 2019). "Guardia di Finanza orders more ATR 72MPs". p. 13. ISSN 0306-5634.
- ↑ 35.0 35.1 "FedEx Express buys up to 50 new ATR 72-600F freighters Wednesday". ATR. 8 November 2017. http://www.atraircraft.com/newsroom/pressrelease/fedex-express-s-engage-a-acheter-jusqu-a-50-nouveaux-avions-cargo-atr-72-600f-1463-en.html.
- ↑ Aircraft Value News (November 12, 2018). "Market for ATR72-600s Weakens with Age". http://www.aircraftvaluenews.com/market-for-atr72-600s-weakens-with-age/.
- ↑ "ATR 72–200." Archived 2 February 2007 at the Wayback Machine. atraircraft.com. Retrieved: 15 April 2015.
- ↑ "ATR 42/72-600." entrepreneur.com. Retrieved: 17 November 2012. Archived 25 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
- ↑ "ATR 72–600 to fly early this summer." AIN Online, Retrieved: 17 November 2012. Archived 8 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- ↑ "ATR 72–600 startet zum Erstflug" (in German). Archived 4 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Flug Revue. Retrieved: 27 July 2009.
- ↑ Polek, Gregory. "ATR 72-600 Wins EASA Nod for High-density Cabin." Archived 22 December 2015 at the Wayback Machine. AIN Online, 8 December 2015.
- ↑ "ATR Cargo Solutions." Archived 8 April 2007 at the Wayback Machine. atraircraft.com. Retrieved: 17 November 2012.
- ↑ Thierry Dubois (Feb 4, 2019). "ATR Maintains Its Low-Risk Strategy". Aviation Week & Space Technology. http://aviationweek.com/commercial-aviation/atr-maintains-its-low-risk-strategy.
- ↑ "ASW variant." Archived 2 February 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ATR, Retrieved: 17 November 2012.
- ↑ "Naval Air: Twins Rule The Seas." Archived 31 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Strategypage.com, 30 December 2008. Retrieved: 20 November 2010.
- ↑ "ATR 72-500ASW." Archived 20 November 2008 at the Wayback Machine. deagel.com. Retrieved: 17 November 2012.
- ↑ "ATR Corporate Version." Archived 14 November 2008 at the Wayback Machine. atr.fr. Retrieved: 17 November 2012.
- ↑ "ATR 82 information". Archived 18 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Airliners.net. Retrieved: 16 August 2011.
- ↑ "ATR Quick Change." Archived 20 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine. ATR, Retrieved: 17 November 2012.
- ↑ 50.0 50.1 50.2 50.3 50.4 50.5 50.6 50.7 Thisdell & Seymour Flight International 30 July – 5 August 2019, p. 34
- ↑ "Operating fleet". https://www.airnewzealand.co.nz/fleet.
- ↑ Swiftair Fleet Details and History
- ↑ "Type: ATR 72, Operator: Firefly". RZjets. https://rzjets.net/aircraft/?page=25&typeid=310.
- ↑ "Production List". http://planespotters.net/production-list/search?fleet=CEBU%20Pacific%20Air&manufacturer=ATR&subtype=ATR-72&fleetStatus=current.
- ↑ "Alliance Air - Air India". http://www.airindia.in/alliance-air.htm.
- ↑ "Current Aircraft Register & Monthly Changes details". https://www.iaa.ie/commercial-aviation/aircraft-registration-2/latest-register-and-monthly-changes-1/current-aircraft-register-and-monthly-changes-details-page/docs/default-source/publications/aircraft-registration/30-november-2019.
- ↑ "Leonardo Delivers First Two P-72As to the Italian Air Force; the Future Guardian of the Mediterranean Is Ready". Rome: Leonardo-Finmeccanica. 13 December 2016. http://www.leonardocompany.com/en/-/aeronautica-militare-p72-italian-air-force.
- ↑ "Pakistan Navy acquires second-hand ATR72." AirForces Monthly (Key Publishing Stamford, Lincolnshire, England), April 2013, p. 26.
- ↑ "News" (in en). https://www.aerodata.de/en/news/news.html.
- ↑ "Pakistan Navy receives second ATR-72 MPA". https://www.janes.com/article/89795/pakistan-navy-receives-second-atr-72-mpa.
- ↑ Hoyle, Craig. "World Air Forces Directory". Flight International, Vol. 182, No. 5370, 11–17 December 2012. ISSN 0015-3710, p. 62.
- ↑ "Alenia Aermacchi delivers first ATR72-600 TMUA to Turkish Navy." Archived 19 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine. navyrecognition.com, 24 July 2013. Retrieved: 15 April 2015.
- ↑ "Aérospatiale/Aeritalia ATR-72". Flight Safety Foundation. 28 June 2018. https://aviation-safety.net/database/types/ATR-72/index.
- ↑ "ATR-72 Statistics". Flight Safety Foundation. 28 June 2018. https://aviation-safety.net/database/types/ATR-72/statistics.
- ↑ "occurrences in the ASN safety database". Flight Safety Foundation. 28 June 2018. https://aviation-safety.net/database/dblist.php?sorteer=casualties,datekey&kind=%&cat=A1%&page=1&field=typecode&var=011%.
- ↑ "Accident description of TransAsia Airways incident." Archived 14 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Aviation Safety Network (ASN), 30 January 1995. Retrieved: 6 August 2014.
- ↑ "Council-Occurrence Investigations." Archived 26 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Aviation Safety, Retrieved: 17 November 2012.
- ↑ "ASN Aircraft accident ATR-72-202 TS-LBB Palermo-Punta Raisi Airport (PMO)." Archived 17 December 2017 at the Wayback Machine. Aviation-safety.net, Retrieved: 20 November 2010.
- ↑ "Accident description." Archived 8 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine. Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved: 5 November 2010.
- ↑ "Cuban plane crash kills all 68 aboard." Archived 6 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine. Cbc.ca, 5 November 2010. Retrieved: 20 November 2010.
- ↑ " До 33 возросло число жертв авиакатастрофы под Тюменью Increased to 33 the number of victims of the crash near Tyumen." Archived 17 May 2017 at the Wayback Machine. ITAR-TASS News Agency. Retrieved: 17 November 2012.
- ↑ "Laos crash: 49 dead as plane goes down in Mekong River." Archived 18 July 2018 at the Wayback Machine. BBC News, 16 October 2013.
- ↑ "TransAsia plane crash lands in Taiwan, dozens killed." Archived 23 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine. rt.com/news. Retrieved: 26 December 2014.
- ↑ "Taiwan plane crash kills 48, injures 10." Archived 26 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine. cnn.com, 24 July 2014. Retrieved: 15 April 2015.
- ↑ "ASN Aircraft accident ATR 72-212 EP-ATS Yasuj Airport (YES)". https://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20180218-0.
- ↑ "ATR 72–600 Quick view". ATR. February 2017. http://www.atraircraft.com/datas/download_center/27/fiche72_27.pdf.
- ↑ "ATR-600-Series Brochure". ATR. 2015. http://www.atraircraft.com/products_app/media/pdf/Brochure-ATR-600-SeriesBD.pdf.
- ↑ "Type Certificate Data Sheet No. A53EU". FAA. Dec 8, 2017. http://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgMakeModel.nsf/0/8c40d31fc947b021862581f700689114/$FILE/A53EU_Rev_24.pdf.
- Thisdell, Dan; Seymour, Chris (30 July – 5 August 2019). "World Airliner Census". pp. 24–47. ISSN 0015-3710.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Category:ATR 72.|
- Official website
- "Anti-Submarine Warfare ATR-72". Leonardo-Finmeccanica. http://www.leonardocompany.com/en/-/atr-72-asw.
- "Launch of a New Generation – ATR 72–600". Global Aviation Resource. November 8, 2009. http://www.globalaviationresource.com/reports/2009/atr72600.php.
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