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Adnan Latif Hamid al-Sweidawi al-Dulaimi
Born 1965
Died November 7, 2014(2014-11-07)[1][2]
Place of birth Anbar province, Iraqi Republic
Place of death Mosul, Iraq
Allegiance Baathist Iraq (until 2003)
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (2007–7 November 2014)
Service/branch Iraqi Army (1986-2003)
Military of ISIS (8 April 2013–7 November 2014)
Rank Iraqi colonel Colonel (until 2003)
ISIS Emir of Latakia
(2012-January 2014)
ISIS Emir of Anbar Governorate
(January 2014-7 November 2014)
ISIS Military Chief
(4 June 2014–7 November 2014)[3][4]
Battles/wars

2003 Iraq War
Iraqi insurgency
Syrian Civil War

Military intervention against ISIL

Adnan Latif Hamid al-Sweidawi al-Dulaimi (Arabic language: عدنان لطيف حامد السويداوي الدليمي‎, ‘Adnān Laṭīf Ḥāmid as-Suwaydāwī al-Dulaymī), also known by his nom de guerre as Abu Ayman al-Iraqi (Arabic language: أبو أيمن العراقي‎, Abū Ayman al-‘Irāqī),[5] was a top commander in the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant and the rumored head of its Military Council following the death of Abu Abdulrahman al-Bilawi.[6]

Biography[edit | edit source]

al-Sweidawi belonged to the Al-bu Swda clan of the Dulaim, the largest tribe in the Iraqi Anbar Province.

al-Sweidawi previously served under the Ba'athist regime of Saddam Hussein as a colonel in the Iraqi Army.[7] He also operated in Iraq's Air Defense Intelligence.[8] Many other ISIS commanders were former officers during the reign of Saddam Hussein such as Haji Bakr, Abu Ahmad al-Alwani, Abu Abdulrahman al-Bilawi, Abu Muslim al-Turkmani and Abu Ali al-Anbari.

In 2007, he was detained for three years by U.S forces in Iraq, presumably at Camp Bucca. Following his release in 2010, he re-located to Syria where, following the outbreak of the Syrian Civil War, he coordinated ISIS fighters in the cities of Idlib and Aleppo as well as the mountains of Lattakia, as a senior ISIS commander.[9][10] The Syrian Armed Opposition accused al-Iraqi of being responsible for the assassinations of FSA and opposition figures in Latakia. Following the outbreak of fighting with other Syrian rebel groups in early 2014, al-Iraqi and his men redeployed to ISIS strongholds in eastern Syria.[5]

Despite his senior position within the ISIS hierarchy, very little is known about al-Iraqi. He has been referred to as a "shadowy persona".[11]

Late on 7 November 2014,[12] a US airstrike targeted a meeting of top ISIS leaders in Mosul, Iraq, killing 20 ISIS militants, including Abu Ayman al-Iraqi. He was replaced by ISIS War Minister Abu Suleiman al-Naser as ISIS's Military Chief.[2]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/islamic-state/11219630/Islamic-State-leader-Abu-Bakr-al-Baghdadis-close-aide-killed-in-US-air-strike.html
  2. 2.0 2.1 http://www.ibtimes.com/if-isis-leader-abu-bakr-al-baghdadi-killed-who-caliph-islamic-state-group-1721638
  3. "Military Skill and Terrorist Technique Fuel Success of ISIS". New York Times. 27 August 2014. http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/28/world/middleeast/army-know-how-seen-as-factor-in-isis-successes.html. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  4. "Ex-U.S. detainees now ISIS leaders". http://www.cbsnews.com/pictures/ex-us-detainees-now-isis-leaders/8/. Retrieved 2015. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "ABU AYMAN AL-IRAQI DIRECTS ISIS OPERATIONS IN EASTERN SYRIA". Jamestown Foundation. 31 March 2014. http://www.jamestown.org/single/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=42166&no_cache=1#.VFBiHek9Jy0. Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  6. "Military Skill and Terrorist Technique Fuel Success of ISIS". New York Times. 27 August 2014. http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/28/world/middleeast/army-know-how-seen-as-factor-in-isis-successes.html. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  7. "Key Players: Who's Who in the Battle for Iraq?". NBC News. 14 June 2014. http://www.nbcnews.com/storyline/iraq-turmoil/key-players-whos-who-battle-iraq-n130981. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  8. "Exclusive: Top ISIS leaders revealed". Al Arabiya. 13 February 2014. http://english.alarabiya.net/en/News/2014/02/13/Exclusive-Top-ISIS-leaders-revealed.html. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  9. "Profile: The Rise of the Islamic State (IS)". 12 July 2014. http://tahrirsouri.com/2014/07/12/profile-the-rise-of-the-islamic-state-is/. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  10. "Abu Ayman al-Iraqi". 2014. http://www.counterextremism.com/people/abu-ayman-al-iraqi. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  11. "A Late-Night Phone Call Between One Of Syria’s Top Extremists And His Sworn Enemy". Buzzfeed. 4 April 2014. http://www.buzzfeed.com/mikegiglio/a-late-night-phone-call-between-one-of-syrias-top-extremists. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  12. Sherlock, Ruth; Samaan, Gaziantep; Samaan, Magdy (9 November 2014). "Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi's close aide killed in US air strike". Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/islamic-state/11219630/Islamic-State-leader-Abu-Bakr-al-Baghdadis-close-aide-killed-in-US-air-strike.html. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 

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