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Adam Ludwig Lewenhaupt
Adam Ludwig Lewenhaupt
Born (1659-04-15)April 15, 1659
Died February 12, 1719(1719-02-12) (aged 59)
Place of birth Copenhagen, Denmark
Place of death Moscow, Russia
Allegiance Sweden
Rank General

Great Turkish War
Nine Years' War
Great Northern War

Adam Ludwig Lewenhaupt (15 April 1659, Copenhagen – 12 February 1719) was a Swedish general.


Educated at Lund University, Rostock, Wittenberg and Uppsala, he originally pursued a career in the diplomatic arena, but found this occupation quite undesirable. He then became a soldier, served in the Austrian army against the Turks, and under William III in Holland. He returned to Sweden in 1697. When the Great Northern War broke out, he was placed in command of a newly created regiment of infantry. He was one of the few successful commanders against the Russians in the Baltic region while King Charles XII was on campaign in Poland and Saxony. In 1705 Lewenhaupt won the Battle of Gemauerthof and was appointed Governor of Riga. In 1708, he was ordered to march east with a supply column, to support Charles's primary invasion force in Russia. This led to the Battle of Lesnaya (1708), in which he was defeated and forced to abandon his supplies. In 1709, after having connected with the King's army, Lewenhaupt was given command of the infantry at the disastrous Battle of Poltava (1709) and the Surrender at Perevolochna. He was kept a prisoner in Russia, and he lived in Moscow until his death, in 1719. His memoirs, edited by his son-in-law, were published at Stockholm in 1757.[1][2]


  1. "Battle of Poltava". Retrieved 2011-01-18. "Count Adam Ludwig Lewenhaupt (Leijonhufvud in Swedish) (1659 - 1719) was a Swedish General of the Infantry, a well educated and religious aristocrat who was born in a Swedish fortified camp near Copenhagen. He was the son of Count Ludwig Wierich Lewenhaupt, a major-general, and Countess Charlotta Susanna Maria of Hohenlohe and Gleichen. Until the beginning of his military career he attended Lund University (1671), Uppsala University (1675) and Rostock University (1680). ..." 
  2. Wikisource-logo.svg "Lewenhaupt, Adam Ludvig". New International Encyclopedia. 1905. 

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