|Primary users||IJN Air Service|
Royal Thai Navy
The Aichi E13A (Allied reporting name: "Jake") was a long-range reconnaissance seaplane used by the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) from 1941 to 1945. Numerically the most important floatplane of the IJN, it could carry a crew of three and a bombload of 250 kg (550 lb). The Navy designation was "Navy Type Zero Reconnaissance Seaplane" (零式水上偵察機).
In China, it operated from seaplane tenders and cruisers. Later, it was used as a scout for the Attack on Pearl Harbor, and was encountered in combat by the United States Navy during the Battles of Coral Sea and Midway. It was in service throughout the conflict, for coastal patrols, strikes against navigation, liaison, officer transports, castaway rescues, and other missions, along with some kamikaze missions in the last days of war.
Eight examples were operated by the French Navy Air Force during the First Indochina War from 1945-1947, while others were believed to be operated by the Naval Air Arm of the Royal Thai Navy before the war. One example captured by New Zealand forces was flown by RNZAF personnel in theatre, but sank and was not repaired after a float leaked.
Versions[edit | edit source]
Prototypes and first production model, later designated Model 11.
Trainer version with dual controls
Redesigned floats, improved radio equipment
As E13A1a, with Air-Surface radar
Night-flying conversion of above
Production[edit | edit source]
- Constructed by Aichi Tokei Denki KK:133
- Constructed by Watanabe (Kyushu Hikoki KK):1,237
- Constructed by Dai-Juichi Kaigun Kokusho: 48
Operators[edit | edit source]
- People's Liberation Army Air Force - Captured Japanese aircraft.
Specifications (E13A1)[edit | edit source]
Data from Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War
- Crew: 3
- Length: 11.31 m (37 ft 1 in)
- Wingspan: 14.50 m (47 ft 7 in)
- Height: 4.70 m (15 ft 5 in)
- Wing area: 36.0 m² (387 ft²)
- Empty weight: 2,642 kg (5,825 lb)
- Loaded weight: 3,640 kg (8,025 lb)
- Max. takeoff weight: 4,000 kg (8,800 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × Mitsubishi Kinsei 43 14-cylinder air-cooled twin-row radial engine, 810 kW (1,080 hp)
- Maximum speed: 375 km/h (234 mph)
- Range: 2,100 km (1,300 mi)
- Service ceiling: 8,700 m (28,500 ft)
- Rate of climb: 8.2 m/s (1,610 ft/m)
- Wing loading: 101.1 kg/m² (20.7 lb/ft²)
- Guns: 1× flexible, rearward-firing 7.7 mm (.303 in) Type 92 machine gun for observer
- Bombs: 250 kg (551 lb) of bombs
Gallery[edit | edit source]
Aichi E13 floatplane wreck, sunk in Kavieng Harbor, New Ireland, Papua New Guinea
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Dorr and Bishop 1996, p. 234.
- Francillon 1979, p. 277.
- Francillon 1979, p. 281.
- Francillon 1979, pp. 277, 280.
- Dorr, Robert E. and Chris Bishop. Vietnam Air War Debrief. London: Aerospace Publishing, 1996. ISBN 1-874023-78-6.
- Francillon, Ph.D., René J. Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War. London: Putnam & Company Ltd., 1970 (2nd edition 1979). ISBN 0-370-30251-6.
- Green, William. Warplanes of the Second World War, Volume Six: Floatplanes. London: Macdonald & Co. (Publishers) Ltd., 1962.
[edit | edit source]
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