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E13A
E13A-3s.jpg
E13A
Role Reconnaissance Floatplane
Manufacturer Aichi
Introduction 1941
Primary users IJN Air Service
Royal Thai Navy
Number built 1,418

The Aichi E13A (Allied reporting name: "Jake") was a long-range reconnaissance seaplane used by the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) from 1941 to 1945. Numerically the most important floatplane of the IJN, it could carry a crew of three and a bombload of 250 kg (550 lb). The Navy designation was "Navy Type Zero Reconnaissance Seaplane" (零式水上偵察機).

In China, it operated from seaplane tenders and cruisers. Later, it was used as a scout for the Attack on Pearl Harbor, and was encountered in combat by the United States Navy during the Battles of Coral Sea and Midway. It was in service throughout the conflict, for coastal patrols, strikes against navigation, liaison, officer transports, castaway rescues, and other missions, along with some kamikaze missions in the last days of war.

Eight examples were operated by the French Navy Air Force during the First Indochina War from 1945-1947,[1] while others were believed to be operated by the Naval Air Arm of the Royal Thai Navy before the war. One example captured by New Zealand forces was flown by RNZAF personnel in theatre, but sank and was not repaired after a float leaked.

VersionsEdit

Kamikawa Maru Aichi E13A seaplane

An Aichi E13A, probably from Kamikawa Maru's air unit, possibly photographed at Deboyne Island during the Battle of the Coral Sea.

E13A1

Prototypes and first production model, later designated Model 11.[2]

E13A1-K

Trainer version with dual controls

E13A1a

Redesigned floats, improved radio equipment

E13A1a-S

Night-flying conversion

E13A1b

As E13A1a, with Air-Surface radar

E13A1b-S

Night-flying conversion of above

E13A1c

Anti-surface vessel version equipped with two downward-firing belly-mounted 20 mm Type 99 Mark II cannons in addition to bombs or depth charges

ProductionEdit

OperatorsEdit

Flag of France.svg France
Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Republic of China

Specifications (E13A1)Edit

Data from Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War[3]

General characteristics
  • Crew: 3[4]
  • Length: 11.31 m (37 ft 1 in)
  • Wingspan: 14.50 m (47 ft 7 in)
  • Height: 4.70 m (15 ft 5 in)
  • Wing area: 36.0 m² (387 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 2,642 kg (5,825 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 3,640 kg (8,025 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 4,000 kg (8,800 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Mitsubishi Kinsei 43 14-cylinder air-cooled twin-row radial engine, 810 kW (1,080 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 375 km/h (234 mph)
  • Range: 2,100 km (1,300 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 8,700 m (28,500 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 8.2 m/s (1,610 ft/m)
  • Wing loading: 101.1 kg/m² (20.7 lb/ft²)</ul>Armament
  • Guns: 1× flexible, rearward-firing 7.7 mm (.303 in) Type 92 machine gun for observer
  • Bombs: 250 kg (551 lb) of bombs
 </ul>

GalleryEdit

Aichi E13 floatplane wreck, sunk in Kavieng Harbor, New Ireland, Papua New Guinea

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Notes
  1. Dorr and Bishop 1996, p. 234.
  2. Francillon 1979, p. 277.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Francillon 1979, p. 281.
  4. Francillon 1979, pp. 277, 280.
Bibliography
  • Dorr, Robert E. and Chris Bishop. Vietnam Air War Debrief. London: Aerospace Publishing, 1996. ISBN 1-874023-78-6.
  • Francillon, Ph.D., René J. Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War. London: Putnam & Company Ltd., 1970 (2nd edition 1979). ISBN 0-370-30251-6.
  • Green, William. Warplanes of the Second World War, Volume Six: Floatplanes. London: Macdonald & Co. (Publishers) Ltd., 1962. </dl>

External linksEdit

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