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Air marshal
Flag of air marshal Pakistan Air Force.gif
Flag of an Air marshal in Pakistan Air Force
Pak-air-force-OF-8.svg
Three-stars, crossed swords and laurel device worn by a Pakistani air marshal
Country  Pakistan
Service branch Badge of the Pakistan Air Force.svgPakistan Air Force
Abbreviation AM, AIRMSHL
Rank Three-star
Non-NATO rank OF-8
Next higher rank Air chief marshal
Next lower rank Air vice-marshal
Equivalent ranks Vice Admiral
lieutenant general [1]

Air marshal /ɛərˈmɑːrʃl/ (abbreviated as AM or AIRMSHL) is a commissioned three-star military rank in Pakistan Air Force with a NATO's equivalent rank code of OF-8, ranks above two-star air vice marshal and below four-star air chief marshal, and while it is the second-highest rank of a military branch in uniformed services distinct from navy and army, it is equivalent to Vice admiral of navy and lieutenant general of army.[2][3]

Promotion to the rank of air marshal requires a solid record of military achievement by an air vice marshal.[4] However, the rank is also used for fighter pilots as a position advancement.[5] A two-star military aviator with no history of violations and immorality are promoted to the three-star rank in air force.[6][7]

Appointment and promotion[edit | edit source]

Air marshal is directly appointed and promoted by the federal government[5] in accordance with rules and regulations of air force ordinance.[8] An officer with two-star rank (air vice marshal) is appointed to the rank of air marshal throughout the Pakistan air force history.[9][10] It helds air chief marshal ranks upon next promotion.[11]

Statutory limits[edit | edit source]

Since it's the second-highest rank coupled with additional powers and benefits, the law of Pakistan restricts the use of unsanctioned power by a three-star marshal and can be constraint under a certain constitutional amendment.[12]

Gallery[edit | edit source]

Pakistan Navy Vice Admiral.svg


Flag of three-star Vice admiral, Pakistan Navy

OF-8 PakistanArmy.svg


Insignia of three-star Lieutenant general Pakistan

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "PAKISTAN AIR FORCE". 13 January 2010. http://www.paf.gov.pk/ranks.html. 
  2. "Officer Rank Insignia". https://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/pakistan/rank-officer.htm. 
  3. ""Pakistan Navy Official Website" Equivalent ranks". https://www.paknavy.gov.pk/ranks.html. 
  4. "Promotions in Pakistan Air Force". https://www.thenews.com.pk/latest/494151-promotions-in-pakistan-air-force-01-air-officer-as-air-marshal-and-13-air-officers-as-air-vice-marshal. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Three PAF officers promoted to Air Marshal rank - Pakistan Today". https://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2018/07/03/three-paf-gdp-officers-promoted-from-vice-air-marshal-to-air-marshal-rank/. 
  6. "Promotions in PAF: Two officers promoted as Air Marshal, four as Air Vice Marshal". https://www.geo.tv/latest/147945-promotions-in-paf-two-officers-promoted-as-air-marshal-four-as-air-vice-marshal. 
  7. "Three PAF officers promoted". July 4, 2018. https://www.dawn.com/news/1417817. 
  8. "PIA CEO moves apex court against high court’s verdict - Pakistan Today". https://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2020/01/09/pia-ceo-moves-apex-court-against-high-courts-verdict/. 
  9. "PAF officer promoted to Air Marshal, 13 others to Air Vice Marshal rank". July 5, 2019. https://tribune.com.pk/story/2006997/1-paf-officer-promoted-air-marshal-13-others-air-vice-marshal-rank/. 
  10. "3 PAF officers promoted to rank of Air Marshal". http://www.radio.gov.pk/03-07-2018/3-paf-officers-promoted-to-rank-of-air-marshal. 
  11. Agency, United States Central Intelligence (April 3, 1972). "Daily Report, Foreign Radio Broadcasts". https://books.google.co.in/books?id=RzFpynRFTroC&pg=RA7-PP7&lpg=RA7-PP7&dq=air+chief+marshal+promotion+pakistan&source=bl&ots=x3wV3Sifz9&sig=ACfU3U1BkmqV4VH-rQa9IKtvU1ugBOZ-tg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwj28NLVgczoAhVHxjgGHfVDDwk4PBDoATAIegQICRAB#v=onepage&q=air+chief+marshal+promotion+pakistan&f=false. 
  12. "SC tells Air Marshal Malik to choose between PAF and PIA". February 21, 2020. https://dailytimes.com.pk/562191/sc-tells-air-marshal-malik-to-choose-between-paf-and-pia/. 

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