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Albanian Naval Forces
Forca Detare
Albanian Naval Forces emblem.png
Active 1925 – today
Country Flag of Albania.svg Albania
Allegiance Republic of Albania
Type Navy
Size 1,100
Part of Albanian Armed Forces
Anniversaries December 25 – Navy's Foundation Day
Equipment 31 vessels
Insignia
Naval Ensign Naval Ensign of Albania
Naval Ensign (1958–1992) Naval Ensign of Albania (1958-1992)
Naval Ensign (1954–1958) Naval Ensign of Albania (1954-1958)
Naval Ensign (1946–1954) Naval Ensign of Albania (1946-1954)

The Albanian Naval Force (Albanian language: Forca Detare) is the naval branch of the Albanian military. Their name was changed from the Albanian Naval Defense Forces in 2010.[1] The Albanian Navy Headquarters is located in Durrës, and operates 2 bases: Kepi i Palit base in Durrës, and Pashaliman in Vlora.

The vessels of the Albanian Navy Brigade are mostly patrol craft and support craft, most of which were donated by Italy and the United States. Former Soviet or Chinese boats have been retired from service. Only 1 Soviet built minesweeper remain still in service, pending the arrival of 4 large Damen Stan Type 4207 patrol boats from the Netherlands.

The Navy performs mainly duties, based on the concept of "one Force, two Missions." The legal framework has been updated in order to facilitate these missions and EU-NATO integration. Turkey and Greece are also assisting Albania in a common effort to modernize the current Naval Academy and rebuild the repair facilities in the Pashaliman district. The Navy is also responsible for aids to navigation, including lighthouses.[2]

HistoryEdit

Until 1996 Albania had more than 145 vessels in service. 45 of them were small, fast Chinese Type 25 Huchuan Class PHT torpedo boats, carrying two/four 533 mm Torpedoes, and some Shanghai-class coastal ASW patrol craft. In 2015 had only 19 operative vesels.

The glory of the fleet were 4 Soviet built Whiskey class submarines, a direct result of an Albanian-Soviet dispute over their ownership, after Albania withdrew from the Warsaw Pact (1961) and the Soviets abandoned the Pashaliman base. The submarines were put into full service thanks to Chinese assistance, but by the end of 80's their efficiency was in doubt due to Albanian isolation and the end of Chinese help. Officially, the submarines were retired in 1998. Now only one is retained for tourists to visit.

StructureEdit

Officer RanksEdit

In descending order the ranks of the officers of the Albanian Navy, along with their equivalent rank in English.

EquipmentEdit

Patrol craftEdit

Class Photo No. Ship Year
Commissioned
Note
Coastal patrol vessels
Damen Stan 4207 Patrol Boat Iliria P 131 Iliria 2008 Built in Netherlands
P 132 Oriku 2011 Built in Albania (Pashaliman Naval Base)
P 133 Lisus 2012 Built in Albania (Pashaliman Naval Base)
P 134 Butrinti 2013 Built in Albania (Pashaliman Naval Base)
T43 class Albanian Minesweeper M-111 M-111 1960 Soviet built at Izhora Leningrad (Pontonny Shipyard). Retired
Project 122bis Project122bis-2007-Pashaliman P 207 1960 Soviet built at Zelenodolsk and 1 of 6 built for Albania (2 returned to Soviet Union). Retired
Type 062 (Shanghai) 2 ships From China
Patrol boats
Seaspectre Mk III R-215 R 215
R 216
1999 1 of 3 from the United States; built either by Marinette Marine or Peterson Builders 1968–1975
R 118 1999 1 of 3 from the United States; built either by Marinette Marine or Peterson Builders 1968–1975
Patrol Craft, Coastal R-117 Patrol Boat PCC Class R 117 45' PCC Class From US Coast Guard
R 217 45' PCC Class From US Coast Guard
Super Speranza CP231 5 boats Type 227 ex-Italian Coast Guard and built by Cantieri Rodriguez with Iveco Aifo 828SRM,4 between 1966–1969 and 1 in 1980. Retired.
44' Archangel Archangel03 patrolboat 5 boats Donated by the US government,3 in August 2010 and 2 more in 14 March 2013,for drug interdiction.[3] Built by SAFE Boats International based on their Response Boat – Medium for the USCG.
44' Keith Nelson 7 boats Type 51 PB built by TT Boat Designs1972–1976.

Service CraftEdit

Type Class In Service Note
Service repair vessel Landing Craft, Tank, Mk 3 1 Converted LCT
Diving support vessel Project 522 Nyryat I 1 Nyryat class from the Soviet Union
Torpedo recovery vessel Project 368 Poluchat 1 From the Soviet Union
Anti-pollution boat 3
Project 501 (PO-2) 2
survey boat 1
lighter 1

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Kondi, Luan (25 April 2010). "Forcat e Armatosura, struktura e re pa Komandën e Bashkuar" (in Albanian). http://www.gazeta-shqip.com/aktualitet/0dee7528fb5fbc55b0625fb8b487de07.html. 
  2. Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Albania". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. http://www.unc.edu/~rowlett/lighthouse/alb.htm. 
  3. Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (March 2011). "International Narcotics Control Strategy Report Volume I Drug and Chemical Control" (pdf). United States Department of State. p. 107. http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/156575.pdf. 

SourcesEdit

  • Wertheim, Eric. The Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World, 2005–2006; Their Ships, Aircraft, and Systems. US Naval Institute Press. Annapolis, Maryland. 2005.
  • Jane's Fighting Ships 2005–2006, Jane's Information Group, ISBN 0-7106-2692-4
  • The Military Balance 2008, The International Institute for Strategic Studies, ISBN 978-1-85743-461-3

External linksEdit

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