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Albatros C.III
Albatros C.III.jpg
Role General purpose
Manufacturer Albatros Flugzeugwerke
Introduction 1916
Primary users Luftstreitkräfte
Polish Air Force
Finnish Air Force
Bulgarian Air Force
Lithuanian Air Force

The Albatros C.III was a German two-seat general-purpose biplane of World War I, built by Albatros Flugzeugwerke. The C.III was a refined version of the successful Albatros C.I and was eventually produced in greater numbers than any other C-type Albatros. It was used in a wide variety of roles including observation, photo-reconnaissance, light-bombing and bomber escort. 18 C.IIIs were delivered in August 1916 to Bulgaria. They were destroyed in 1920 in accordance with the clauses of the Peace Treaty.[1]

Like its predecessor, the C.III was a popular aircraft with rugged construction and viceless handling. The most prominent difference between the two was the revised tail, the C.III having a lower, rounded tail compared to the large, triangular tail of the C.I, granting the C.III greater agility. The power plant was either a 110 kW (150 hp) Benz Bz. III or a 120 kW (160 hp) Mercedes D.III inline engine and, like numerous other two-seaters of the war (such as the British Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.8) the cylinder head and exhaust manifold protruded above the front fuselage, limiting the pilot's forward visibility.

The observer, who occupied the rear cockpit, was armed with 7.92 mm (0.312 in) Parabellum MG14 machine gun. Some C.III aircraft were fitted with an interrupter gear and a single forward-firing 7.92 mm (0.312 in) LMG 08/15 machine gun. The C.III could also carry a bomb load of up to 90 kg (200 lb) in a small internal bomb bay.

Between 1926 and 1927, two Mercedes D.III engined copies were built from saved parts and components of the destroyed aircraft by the Bulgarian state aircraft workshops as the DAR 2 for use as trainers.[1][2]

OperatorsEdit

Flag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria
Flag of Finland.svg Finland
Flag of the German Empire.svg German Empire
Flag of Latvia.svg Latvia
Flag of Lithuania.svg Lithuania
Flag of Poland.svg Poland
Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey

VariantsEdit

Data from German Aircraft of the First World War (1970) p. 256[3]

C.VI
about 300 mm (11.8 in) shorter and 20 kg (44 lb), with strengthened engine bearers to take a 180 hp (130 kW) Argus As.III six-cylinder inline. Some 4% faster. Limited production.
W.2
Seaplane variant with twin floats, modified Mercedes D.II istallation, revised cabane struttage and a much larger fin. Parabellum MG14 machine gun in observer's cockpit. One only, delivered June 1916.

Specifications (C.III)Edit

Albatros C.III in a Turkish squadron

A Turkish C.III

Data from [4]

General characteristics
  • Crew: two
  • Length: 8.0 m (26 ft 3 in)
  • Wingspan: 11.69 m (38 ft 4 in)
  • Height: 3.10 m (10 ft 2 in)
  • Wing area: 36.91 m² (397 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 851 kg (1,876 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 1,353 kg (2,983 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Benz Bz.III, 112 kW (150 hp) or Mercedes D.III liquid-cooled inline engine, 120 kW (160 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 140 km/h (76 kn, 87 mph)
  • Service ceiling: 3,350 m (11,000 ft)
  • Endurance: 4 hours</ul></ul>Armament
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See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Bernád 2001, pp. 24–25.
  2. Y. MIlanov: The aviation in Bulgaria in the wars from 1912 to 1945, Vol.I. Sveti Gueorgui Pobedonosetz, Sofia, 1995 (in Bulgarian)
  3. Gray, Peter; Thetford, Owen (1970). German Aircraft of the First World War. London: Putnam. pp. 256. ISBN 0-85177-809-7. 
  4. Sharpe, Michael. Biplanes, Triplanes, and Seaplanes, pg.28. London, England: Friedman/Fairfax Books , 2000. ISBN 1-58663-300-7.
  • Bernád, Dénes. "Balkan Birds: Thirty Five Years of Bulgarian Aircraft Production". Stamford, Lincs, UK: Key Publishing. pp. 18–30. ISSN 0143-5450. 

External linksEdit


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