FANDOM

258,680 Pages

Albrecht Archilles
File:Albrect Achilles.jpg
Korvettenkapitän Albrecht Achilles after a patrol
Born (1914-01-25)25 January 1914
Died 27 September 1943(1943-09-27) (aged 29)
Place of birth Karlsruhe
Place of death northeast of Bahia, Brazil
12°30′S 35°35′W / 12.5°S 35.583°W / -12.5; -35.583 (place of death of Albrecht Achilles)
Allegiance Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Service/branch War Ensign of Germany (1938–1945).svg Kriegsmarine
Years of service 1934–1943
Rank Korvettenkapitän (posthumous)
Unit SSS Gorch Fock
Schleswig-Holstein
Gneisenau
U-66
Commands held U-161
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Iron Cross 1st Class
U-boat War Badge
Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Albrecht Achilles (25 January 1914 – 27 September 1943) was a German U-boat commander in World War II and commander of U-161. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German language:Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Military careerEdit

Albrecht Achilles began his naval career with the Reichsmarine on 8 April 1934 as a member "Crew 1934" (the incoming class of 1934).[Note 1]. He transferred to the U-boat service in April 1940. For one year, he served as a commander trainee as first and second watch officer on board various U-boats, including three patrols on U-66 under the command of Robert-Richard Zapp, before taking over command of U-161 from Kapitänleutnant Hans Witt.

Albrecht Achilles and his entire crew were killed in action when U-161 was sunk northeast of Bahia on 27 September 1943 by depth charges from a U.S. Navy Martin PBM Mariner (VP-74/P-2).

On 16 November 1940 he married Chirstel Busz. The marriage produced two children, daughter Christiane born 1941 and a posthumous son Konrad born 1944.[1]

Summary of careerEdit

Ships attackedEdit

As commander of U-161, Achilles is credited with the sinking of 12 merchant ships totalling 60,107 gross register tons (GRT), damaging another ship of 3,305 GRT that it had to be considered a total loss and damaging five further ships of 35,672 GRT. He also sank the United States Lighthouse Service ship Acacia of 1,130 metric tons (1,110 long tons; 1,250 short tons) and damaged the British light cruiser HMS Phoebe (43) 5,450 t (5,360 long tons; 6,010 short tons).

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[2]
19 February 1942 British Consul Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 6,940 Damaged
19 February 1942 Mokihana US flag 48 stars.svg USA 7,460 Damaged
21 February 1942 Circe Shell Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 8,207 Sunk
23 February 1942 Lihue US flag 48 stars.svg USA 7,001 Sunk
7 March 1942 Uniwaleco Flag of South Africa (1928–1994).svg South Africa 9,755 Sunk
10 March 1942 Lady Nelson Flag of Canada (1921–1957).svg Canada 7,970 Damaged
10 March 1942 Umtata Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 8,141 Damaged
14 March 1942 Sarniadoc Flag of Canada (1921–1957).svg Canada 1,940 Sunk
15 March 1942 USCGC Acacia US flag 48 stars.svg USA 1,130 Sunk
16 June 1942 Nueva Altagracia Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg Dominican Republic 30 Sunk
22 June 1942 E.J. Sadler US flag 48 stars.svg USA 9,639 Sunk
3 July 1942 San Pablo Flag of Panama.svg Panama 3,305 Total loss
16 July 1942 Fairport US flag 48 stars.svg USA 6,165 Sunk
23 October 1942 HMS Phoebe Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 5,450 Damaged
8 November 1942 Bonalder Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 5,161 Damaged
8 November 1942 West Humhaw US flag 48 stars.svg USA 5,527 Sunk
29 November 1942 Tjilboet Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands 5,760 Sunk
12 December 1942 Ripley Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 4,997 Sunk
19 May 1943 Angelus Flag of Canada (1921–1957).svg Canada 255 Sunk
20 September 1943 St. Usk Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 5,472 Sunk
26 September 1943 Itapagé Flag of Brazil (1889–1960).svg Brazil 4,998 Sunk

AwardsEdit

Wehrmachtbericht referenceEdit

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
Thursday, 12 March 1942 Bei den Unternehmungen in Amerikanischen Gewässern zeichneten sie die Unterseeboote unter Führung der Kapitänleutnante Achilles und Nico Clausen besonders aus.[7]

Submarines under the commands of Kapitänleutnante Achilles and Nico Clausen distinguished themselves in operations in the American sea.

Dates of rankEdit

NotesEdit

  1. The German Reichsmarine which was renamed the Kriegsmarine on 1 June 1935.

ReferencesEdit

Citations
  1. "Albrecht Achilles" (in German). Kriegsmarine Crew 34. http://www.marineoffiziere-crew-34.de/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=159&Itemid=27. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  2. http://uboat.net/boats/successes/u161/html
  3. Busch & Röll 2003, p. 300.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Busch & Röll 2003, p. 301.
  5. Scherzer 2007, p. 187.
  6. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 113.
  7. Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, p. 54.
Bibliography
  • Busch, Hans-Joachim; Röll (2003) (in German). Der U-Boot-Krieg 1939–1945 — Die Ritterkreuzträger der U-Boot-Waffe von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 [The U-Boat War 1939–1945 — The Knight's Cross Bearers of the U-Boat Force from September 1939 to May 1945]. Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn Germany: Verlag E.S. Mittler & Sohn. ISBN 978-3-8132-0515-2. 
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) (in German). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches]. Friedburg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Kurowski, Franz (1995). Knight's Cross Holders of the U-Boat Service. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing. ISBN 978-0-88740-748-2. 
  • Range, Clemens (1974). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Kriegsmarine [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Navy]. Stuttgart, Germany: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 978-3-87943-355-1. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007) (in German). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives]. Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, 1. Januar 1942 bis 31. Dezember 1943 (in German). München: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, 1985. ISBN 3-423-05944-3.
</dl>

External linksEdit


This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.