September 28, 1888|
28 May 1948 (aged 59)|
|Occupation||Author, Zionist activist|
Alexander Aaronsohn (Hebrew: אלכסנדר אהרנסון; Zikhron Ya'akov, 1888–Nice, 1948) was an author and activist who wrote about the plight of people living in Palestine in his book, With the Turks in Palestine.
Aaronsohn was part of the influential Aaronsohn family who were major figures in the Zionist movement; his brother was Aaron Aaronsohn and his sister was Sarah Aaronsohn, the three of whom were founder members of the Jewish spy network NILI. Sarah Aaronsohn was caught by the Turks, brutally tortured and committed suicide in her cell in 1917, aged 26.
Life and career[edit | edit source]
Early life[edit | edit source]
Aaronsohn's parents emigrated from Romania to Palestine with other Jewish families and founded the community of Zikhron Ya'akov in the fertile region south of Mount Carmel. Aaronsohn was born in this small village and grew up amongst a blooming agricultural community.
In 1910 Aaronsohn left for America on the advice of his brother who headed the Jewish Experiment Station at Atlit. He received his naturalization papers a few days after arrival and obtained work with the Department of Agriculture.
Aaronsohn returned to Palestine in July 1913 intending to make Zionist propaganda to spread to the United States. Two months after his return Aaronsohn learned of an attack on a well-respected Jewish doctor by four Arabs and the rape of a young sixteen-year-old Jewish girl. This event shocked Aaronsohn and he vowed to form a strong society that would protect the life and honor of villagers.
Turkish Army[edit | edit source]
Despite Aaronsohn's ties to the United States, he was pushed into serving in the Turkish Army with the start of the first World War as the Ottoman Empire controlled Palestine. Aaronsohn and twenty of his acquaintances began this passage by presenting themselves at the recruiting station in Acre. They were then marched off to Han and made to wait with hundreds of impoverished Arabs. Aaronsohn was subsequently ordered to travel to Safed, where his garrison was located.
Aaronsohn and his troupe's four-day march to Safed was an arduous journey in the heat of the September sun. They were required to obtain their own food and the poor Arabs caused conflict by stealing from villages that they passed by. On arrival in Safed they were informed that a dirty deserted mosque would serve as their barracks.
Later life and Death[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- "Aaronsohn Alexander - Böcker | Bokus bokhandel" (in sv). https://www.bokus.com/cgi-bin/product_search.cgi?authors=Aaronsohn%20Alexander.
- "With the Turks in Palestine". https://www.goodreads.com/work/best_book/2251330-with-the-turks-in-palestine.
- Aaronsohn, Alexander (April 2007). With the Turks in Palestine. ISBN 1602062633.
- "With The Turks in Palestine". Project Gutenberg. 2007. Archived from the original on 17 May 2007. https://web.archive.org/web/20070517130122/http://www.gutenberg.org/files/10338/10338-h/10338-h.htm. Retrieved 2007-05-23.
- "מודעה מטעם ועד המושבה זכרון יעקב" (in Hebrew). http://jpress.org.il/olive/apa/nli_heb/SharedView.Article.aspx?href=MAR/1949/11/18&id=Ar00302.
[edit | edit source]
- Works by Alexander Aaronsohn at Project Gutenberg
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- Works by A at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
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