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Allied Powers (Maritime Courts) Act 1941
Statute Law Revision Act 1950
Related legislation
Allied Forces Act 1940
Status: Repealed

The Allied Powers (Maritime Courts) Act 1941 (C.21) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that allowed certain British Allies during the Second World War to set up maritime courts with criminal jurisdiction within the United Kingdom.

Act[edit | edit source]

The Act came into need because of the early events of the Second World War, in which the remnants of the European anti-Nazi forces fled to Britain after their defeat. Finding their armed forces in Britain, sometimes with a large number of merchant navy ships, they had no effective machinery of justice. The Allied Forces Act 1940 provided some martial courts, but nothing for maritime law.[1]

Section 1 of the Act allows for new maritime courts to exercise jurisdiction over offences committed by any non-British person on a merchant vessel owned by the nation or power which constitutes the court. Section 2 allows for the courts to hear cases against their own citizens involving mercantile conscription laws.[2] However, individuals can only be ordered before the court with a writ from a British Justice of the Peace, and punishment takes place in British prisons.[3] Both the Netherlands and Norway constituted courts under this Act,[4] which was eventually repealed after the close of the war with the Statute Law Revision Act 1950.[5]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Chorley (1941) p.118
  2. Chorley (1941) p.119
  3. Chorley (1941) p.120
  4. Chorley (1941) p.121
  5. "LexisLibrary: Document". LexisNexis. http://www.lexisnexis.com/uk/legal/docview/getDocForCuiReq?oc=00240&lni=4ST8-GSM0-TWPY-Y0PG&csi=274768&secondRedirectIndicator=true. Retrieved 2009-10-31. 

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

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