Japanese General Andō Teibi
|Born||October 20, 1853|
|Died||August 29, 1932(aged 78)|
|Place of birth||Iida, Nagano, Japan|
|Allegiance||Empire of Japan|
|Service/branch||Imperial Japanese Army|
|Years of service||1911-1932|
IJA 2nd Division, Imperial Japanese Army Academy|
Army War College (Japan), IJA 10th Division, IJA 12th Division, Chosen Army
Order of the Golden Kite (1st Degree)|
Order of the Rising Sun (1st degree)
|Other work||Governor-General of Taiwan|
Biography[edit | edit source]
Andō was a native of Iida city in Shinano Province (present-day Nagano Prefecture). He was born to a samurai family; his father was a retainer of the Matsumoto Domain. Andō entered the Osaka Rikugunhei Gakko (the forerunner of the Imperial Japanese Army Academy) in 1871 and was commissioned as a lieutenant in the infantry. He participated with the pro-Imperial forces in the Satsuma Rebellion, after which he was promoted to captain. After returning to the Army Staff College, he was promoted to major, remaining within the IJA 2nd Division. Andō's rise through the ranks was thereafter rapid, and he served as Commandant at both the Imperial Japanese Army Academy and at the Army Staff College. He was promoted to general when the 2nd Division was assigned to Taiwan in October, 1899. Andō was later active in the Russo-Japanese War, where he commanded the IJA 10th Division from 15 January 1905. He was thus at the crucial Battle of Mukden.
On 12 September 1908, Andō was elevated to the title of danshaku (baron) in the kazoku peerage system. In 1911, he was transferred to command the IJA 12th Division, and in 1913 became commander of the Chōsen Army in Korea. On 30 April 1915, he replaced Sakuma Samata as Governor-General of Taiwan, and held that position to June 1918. The Tapani Incident, a large scale uprising against Japanese rule, occurred during his tenure. Work also began on the development of Taiwan's forest resources on Taiping and Pa-hsien Mountains, as well as construction on the Yilan and Pingtung railway lines.
Andō was awarded the Order of the Rising Sun (1st class with Paulownia Blossoms, Grand Cordon) posthumously.
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
Books[edit | edit source]
- Ching, Leo T.S. (2001). Becoming Japanese: Colonial Taiwan and the Politics of Identity Formation. ISBN 0-520-22553-8: University of California Press.
- Shih Shan, Henry Tsai (2005). Lee Teng-hui and Taiwan's Quest for Identity. ISBN 1-4039-7056-4: Palgrave Macmillan.
[edit | edit source]
- Wendel, Marcus. "Axis History Factbook". Governor-Generals of Taiwan. http://www.axishistory.com/index.php?id=7147.
Notes[edit | edit source]
- Wendel, Axis History Factbook
- Ching, Becoming Japanese
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