|Nickname||"barba elettrica" (Electric Beard or Electric Whiskers)|
|Born||1 November 1884|
|Died||July 31, 1973(aged 88)|
|Place of birth||Cannobio, Italy|
|Place of death||Cannobio, Italy|
|Allegiance||Kingdom of Italy|
|Service/branch||Royal Italian Army|
|Years of service||1911 - 1941|
|Rank||Generale di corpo d'armata (Corps General)|
|Commands held||Italian XXIII Corps|
Gold Medal of Valour|
Military Order of Savoy
Annibale Bergonzoli (1 November 1884 – 31 July 1973), nicknamed "barba elettrica", "Electric Whiskers", was an Italian Lieutenant General during the Spanish Civil War and World War II. He commanded the defences of Bardia, Libya, after the short offensive into Egypt made by Rodolfo Graziani. At the end of 1940, a British offensive called Operation Compass, led by General Richard O'Connor, took Bardia forcing the Italians to retreat into Cyrenaica. Bergonzoli continued to command the XXIII Corps of the Italian Tenth Army during the retreat. In February 1941, after the disastrous defeat at Beda Fomm, Bergonzoli surrendered to Australian forces. He was held as a Prisoner in India and the USA before being repatriated to Italy. Bergonzoli settled in his birthplace, Cannobio and died there in 1973.
Career[edit | edit source]
- 1928- Commanding Officer 78th Regiment Toscana
- Commanding Officer 6th Regiment Aosta
- Commandant Reserve Officer School at Palermo
- 1935- Commanding Officer 2nd Celere Brigade Emanuele Filiberto Testa di Ferro
- 1937-1939 General Officer Commanding 4 Infantry Division Littorio, Spain.
- 1939-1940 General Officer Commanding 133 Armoured Division Littorio, France.
- 1940-1941 General Officer, Commanding XXIII Corps, North Africa.
- 1941-1946 Prisoner of War
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