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Armata
Type Tracked Heavy Armored Vehicle
Place of origin Russia
Service history
Used by Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (Future)
Production history
Designer Ural Design Bureau of Transport Machine-Building, Uralvagonzavod
Unit cost unknown
Specifications
Weight 55 tons
Crew 3

Armor 44S-SV-SH
Primary
armament
Depends on the variant, T-14: 125mm smoothbore 2A82 tank cannon, 2S35: 152mm gun[1]
Secondary
armament
Depends on the variant, T-14: 30 mm cannon and 12.7 machine gun[2]
Engine A-85-3A diesel engine
1,500–2,000 h.p.
Transmission 8-speed automatic gearbox
Speed 75 kilometres per hour (47 mph)


The "Armata" Universal Combat Platform is a Russian prototype of an advanced next generation heavy military tracked vehicle platform. The "Armata" platform is intended to be the basis for a main battle tank, a heavy infantry fighting vehicle, a combat engineering vehicle, an armoured recovery vehicle, a heavy armoured personnel carrier, a tank support combat vehicle and several types of self-propelled artillery under the same codename based on the same chassis. It is also intended to serve as the basis for artillery, air defense, and NBC defense systems.[3]

Origin of designation[edit | edit source]

The name designation of this tank (or more correctly "prospective family of heavy unified battlefield platforms" – "перспективный ряд тяжёлых унифицированных платформ поля боя") "Armata" is the plural of the Hellenic (Greek) word "arma"(άρμα), which means weapon and was an old Russian word for 14th century guns. This was wrongly transcribed as "Armada" by journalists on several occasions.[4][5][6][7]

Development[edit | edit source]

The Armata combat platform has been under design and development since 2009 by Uralvagonzavod headquartered in Nizhny Tagil.[7]

Prototypes of heavy armored vehicles based on the Armata combat platform were presented at the defense exhibition Russian Arms Expo in Nizhny Tagil in September 2013.[8]

In November 2014 trials of the 152mm 2S35 self-propelled gun variant were under way.[1]

The first 24 vehicles of two different types are expected to be shown to the public in the 2015 Moscow Victory parade[8][9][10] with a batch of 32 to be delivered to the Russian Land Forces during the same year.[11]

State testing is scheduled to begin in 2016 and go on until the end of that year.[10] Russian media has previously stated that mass delivery will start in 2015[8] or 2016.[12]

A total of 2,300 MBTs are expected to be supplied by 2020,[8][13] modernizing 70 percent of the Russian tank fleet.[8][14]

Design[edit | edit source]

Russian Lieutenant-General Yuri Kovalenko states that the "Armata" combat platform will utilize many features of the T-95 tank, of which only a few prototypes have been built. In the main battle tank variant, the ammunition compartment will be separate from the crew, increasing operational safety while the engine will be more powerful and the armor, main gun and autoloader will be improved.

According to preliminary reports, the new tank designated T-14 will be less radical and ambitious than the canceled ‘Object 195’ or T-95, it will weigh less, therefore, become more agile and will be more affordable, compared to its more ambitious predecessors. Additionally, the Kurganets-25 tracked armored vehicle provides high degree of commonality with the new Armata tank. The Kurganets-25 will evolve into various models, gradually replacing BMP and BMD and MT-LB and other types of tracked armored platforms.[13] The Kurganets-25 will have modular armor that can be upgraded for specific threats, be armed with a 2A42 30 mm autocannon, and have four Kornet-EM anti-tank guided missile launchers.[14]

The tank will have an unmanned, remotely controlled turret. It will be digitally controlled by a crewmember located in a separate compartment. It is believed that this would eventually lead to the development of a fully robotic tank.[15]

Vehicles of the Armata platform will be equipped with the radar and other technologies found on the Sukhoi T-50 fifth-generation jet fighter. They include a Ka band radar (26.5-40 GHz) based on AESA radar. The devices should be ready by 2015.[16]

The Armata will use a new type of lightweight armor designated 44S-SV-SH, developed by Steel Scientific Research Institute enterprise. This armor does not lose its qualities when used in extremely low temperatures, an indication of Russia's military interest in the Arctic.[17]

The Armata tank will have a remote weapon station turret and an automated control system, with the crew protected by an armored capsule. It will have an externally mounted 125 mm gun with 32 rounds of ammunition; in addition to tank rounds, a new laser-guided missile able to be fired from the main gun with a tandem anti-tank warhead and a range of 5,000 m (16,000 ft) is planned to be created. The secondary armament will consist of a 30 mm cannon and a 12.7 mm machine gun.[18]

Variants[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Foss, Christopher F (17 November 2014). "Russia's new Koalitsiya self-propelled gun being trialled". Jane's Information Group. http://www.janes.com/article/45855/russia-s-new-koalitsiya-self-propelled-gun-being-trialled. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  2. Smith, Rich (10 January 2015). "Tank Arms Race: Introducing Russia's 21st Century Armata Tank". The Motley Fool. http://www.fool.com/investing/general/2015/01/10/tank-arms-race-introducing-russias-21st-century-ar.aspx. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  3. "Russia will develop new artillery and air defense systems based on Armata tank platform". armyrecognition.com. 23 November 2012. http://www.armyrecognition.com/november_2012_new_army_military_defence_industry/russia_will_develop_new_artillery_and_air_defense_systems_based_on_armata_tank_platform_2311121.html. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  4. "Каким может быть новый танк "Армата"" (in Russian). Army-news.ru. 2011-06-22. http://army-news.ru/2011/06/kakim-mozhet-byt-tank-armata/. Retrieved 2013-09-23. 
  5. "Наука и техника: Россия примет на вооружение новый танк "Армада"" (in Russian). Lenta.ru. 28 April 2011. http://www.lenta.ru/news/2011/04/28/armada/. Retrieved 2013-09-23. 
  6. "Модель танка на платформе "Армата" ?" (in Russian). topwar.ru. http://topwar.ru/17083-model-tanka-na-platforme-armata-.html. Retrieved 9 December 2014. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Russian Armata Tank to Enter Testing in November". RIA Novosti. 7 September 2013. http://www.en.ria.ru/military_news/20130907/183247658/Russian-Armata-Tank-to-Enter-Testing-in-November.html. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 "Russia to reveal newest Armata tanks in 2015". Xinhua News Agency. 11 November 2014. http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/europe/europe/2014-11/18/c_127226241.htm. Retrieved 7 February 2015. 
  9. "TASS: Russia - Armata-based new combat vehicles to be displayed in 2015 Victory Parade". ITAR-TASS. 12 September 2014. http://en.itar-tass.com/russia/749238. Retrieved 9 December 2014. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Russia's Armata Battle Tank to Go Through State Trials in 2016". Sputnik. 30 December 2014. http://sputniknews.com/military/20141230/1016381072.html. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 Novichkov, Nikolai (6 October 2014). "Russia's new Armata MBT to make its debut in 2015". Jane's Information Group. http://www.janes.com/article/44170/russia-s-new-armata-mbt-to-make-its-debut-in-2015. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  12. "Russia to Start Producing New Main Battle Tank in 2016". RIA Novosti. 20 November 2013. http://en.ria.ru/military_news/20131120/184829773/Russia-to-Start-Producing-New-Main-Battle-Tank-in-2016.html. 
  13. 13.0 13.1 Eshel, Tamir (10 August 2012). "Russia Plans to Field the T-99, a Radically New Main Battle Tank by 2015". Defense Update. http://defense-update.com/20120810_russia-plans-to-field-the-t-99-a-radically-new-main-battle-tank-by-2015.html. Retrieved 2013-09-23. 
  14. 14.0 14.1 "Russia plans to be equipped with new armoured Armata - Kurganets-25 and Boomerang from 2016". armyrecognition.com. 3 January 2014. http://www.armyrecognition.com/january_2014_global_defense_security_news_industry/russia_plans_to_be_equipped_with_new_armoured_armata_kurganets-25_and_boomerang_from_2016_0301141.html. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  15. "New Russian Tank to Have Remotely Controlled Gun". Sputnik. 26 March 2012. http://sputniknews.com/military/20120326/172401704.html. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  16. "New Armata universal combat vehicle platform equipped with radar as the T-50 fighter aircraft". armyrecognition.com. 26 January 2014. http://www.armyrecognition.com/january_2014_global_defense_security_news_industry/new_armata_universal_combat_vehicle_platform_equipped_with_radar_as_the_t-50_fighter_aircraft_260114.html. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  17. Kungurov, Denis (14 November 2014). "Secret new Russian tank could be deployed to Arctic zones". Russia Beyond the Headlines. http://rbth.com/defence/2014/11/14/secret_new_russian_tank_could_be_deployed_to_arctic_zones_41411.html. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  18. "Russia's Armata next-generation main battle tank to be equipped with a new missile". armyrecognition.com. 11 December 2014. http://www.armyrecognition.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=9938. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 "VZ article" (in Russian). vz.ru. http://vz.ru/society/2013/9/26/652197.html. Retrieved 9 December 2014. 

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