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The Armed Forces of South Russia (Russian: Вооружённые силы Юга России, Vooruzhyonniyye sily Yuga Rossii) were formed on the 8th of January 1919, it incorporated many of the smaller formations of the White army in that area under them, including the Volunteer Army (which was renamed the Caucasian Volunteer Army). Besides that, the AFSR included the Army of the Don, the Crimean-Azov Army, the Forces of Northern Caucasus and the Army of Turkestan.

In January it numbered 51,000 Infantry, 34,000 Cavalry, 204 Field guns, 682 machine guns and 6 armoured trains. By July 1919 it had grown to 104,000 Infantry, 56,000 Cavalry, 600 Field guns, 1,500 machine guns, 19 aircraft, 34 armoured trains, 1 Cruiser, 5 Destroyers, 4 Submarines and 20 Gunboats. By October, after heavy loses and the transfer of units to other armies, the armies strength fell drastically.

In April 1920 Anton Denikin, commander-in-chief of the AFSR, delegated all authority to Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel, who took command of the so-called "Russian Army", which included all units remaining from the SFR after its defeat.

Order of Battle of the AFSR, early 1919[]

Volunteer Army (known as Caucasian Volunteer Army from January 23 - May 22, 1919)
Commanders: Gen. Anton Denikin (April 1918 - April 1920)

Caucasus Army (split from Caucasian Volunteer Army on May 22, 1919)
Commanders: Lt. Gen. Pyotr Wrangel (May 21 - December 8, 1919), Lt. Gen. Viktor Pokrovsky (December 9, 1919 - February 8, 1920)

  • 1st Kuban Corps (Lt. Gen. Viktor Pokrovsky)
  • 2nd Kuban Corps (Gen. Ulaguy, later Gen. Nahumenko)
  • 4th Kuban Corps (Gen. Shatilov, later Gen. Toporkov)

Don White Army.svg Don Army (joined AFSR on 23 February 1919)
Commanders: Gen. Vladimir Sidorin (February 1919 and April 1920)

  • Northern Group (Starshina Semiletov)
  • Southern Group (Gen. S. Denisov)
  • Trans-Don (Zadonskaya) Group (Col. Bykadorov)

Turkestan Army (formed on 22 January 1919)
Commanders: Ippolit Savitsky (April - July 1919), Aleksander Borovsky (July - October 1919), Boris Kazanovich (October 1919 - February 1920).

  • Transcaspian Composite Inf. Division (Maj. Gen. Lazarev)
  • Turkestan Rifle Division (Maj. Gen. Litvinov)
  • Cavalry Division (Maj. Gen. Oraz-Khan Sedar)

Sources[]

  • Н.Е.Какурин, И.И.Вацетис "Гражданская война. 1918-1921" (N.E.Kakurin, I.I.Vacietis "Civil War. 1918-1921") - Sankt-Peterburg, "Polygon" Publishing House, 2002. ISBN 5-89173-150-9


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