|Artillery and Engineering College|
|Artilleri- och ingenjörhögskolan|
|Artilleri- och ingenjörshögskolan vapen.svg|
|Parent institution||Swedish Armed Forces|
|Religious affiliation||Swedish Army|
Artillery and Engineering College (Swedish language: Artilleri- och ingenjörhögskolan , abbreviated KHS) was a Swedish Army training establishment active between 1878 and 1951, providing courses for artillery officers. It was located within the Stockholm garrison in Stockholm, Sweden.
History[edit | edit source]
The Higher Artillery School (Högre artilleriläroverket) at Marieberg was established in 1818. It was initially intended only for the training of artillery officers but after 1830 it was extended gradually to a staff college for the entire armed forces. Between 1842 and 1870 the training of engineers was also located there. The school was transformed in 1866 into a staf college, who in turn in 1878 was divided into two schools, the Royal Swedish Army Staff College and the Artillery and Engineering College.
It was moved in 1885 from Marieberg in Stockholm to Artillerigården at Östermalm in Stockholm in 1904. Teaching was divided into two programmes, an artillery programme and an fortification programme, each with a general and a higher course. The general course constituted conditions for promotion to lieutenant in the Artillery and the Fortification (Fortifikationen).
The general artillery course began every year on 1 October and continued, with interruptions from 1 July (16 July for position artillery officers) to 1 October, to 1 February of the following year evenly. The general fortification course began 1 October every odd-numbered year and lasted for two years, and was followed by a one-year long higher course. The two general courses were in 1922 one-year long (October to August). The higher courses were two-year long (autumn every even year to mid-August, immediately following even years). After 1942, the programmes also included anti-aircraft courses, and after 1947 also signal courses.
The Artillery and Engineering College moved in 1926 to the so-called Grey House (Grå huset), the military staff building at Östermalmsgatan 87. The Swedish Army Museum now had access to parts of the facilities. On 1 October 1951 the Royal Swedish Army Staff College and the Artillery and Engineering College were merged. The higher courses of the Artillery and Engineering College were incorporated into the Royal Swedish Army Staff College, while the lower were transferred to the newly formed Artillery and Engineering Officer School (Artilleri- och Ingenjörofficersskolan).
Heads[edit | edit source]
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- 1878–???? – ?
- 1904–1911 – William Bergman
- 1911–1915 – Sixten E Schmidt
- 1915–1922 – Per Sylvan
- 1922–1930 – Axel Lagerfelt
- 1930–1934 – Sune Bergelin
- 1934–1938 – Ragnar Sjöberg
- 1938–1941 – Hugo Stendahl
- 1941–1942 – Carl Årmann
- 1942–1946 – Ivan Thorson
- 1946–1951 – Erik Kihlblom
- 1950–1951 – Karl Ångström
Names[edit | edit source]
The various names of the Artillery and Engineering College:
|Högre Artilleriläroverket på Marieberg||Higher Artillery School at Marieberg||1818–1866|
|Krigshögskolan||Royal Swedish Army Staff College||1866–1877|
|Artilleri- och ingenjörhögskolan||Artillery and Engineering College||1878–1951|
References[edit | edit source]
- "Artilleri- och ingenjörhögskolan (1878 – 1951)" (in Swedish). National Archives of Sweden. https://sok.riksarkivet.se/?Sokord=1920+1930&FacettLimits=qLer1g%3A0&FacettFilter=arkis_ark_arkivinstitution%24Krigsarkivet%3A&page=14&postid=Arkis+D48F891A-C405-11D6-81CC-00D0B73E7A8B.
- Meijer, Bernard, ed (1904) (in sv). Nordisk familjebok: konversationslexikon och realencyklopedi. 2 (New, rev. and richly ill. ed.). Stockholm: Nordisk familjeboks förl.. p. 109. 8072220. http://runeberg.org/nfbb/0067.html.
- Westrin, Theodor, ed (1922) (in sv). Nordisk familjebok: konversationslexikon och realencyklopedi. 34 (New, rev. and richly ill. ed.). Stockholm: Nordisk familjeboks förl.. p. 309. 8072220. http://runeberg.org/nfcn/0371.html.
- Roth, Thomas (2000). "Artillerigården och Armémuseum" (in Swedish) (PDF). Stockholm: Statens fastighetsverk. p. 27. 4113655. http://www.sfv.se/globalassets/kulturvarden/2000_03/s22-artillerigarden_och_armemuseum.pdf.
- "Artilleri- och ingenjörhögskolan > Förteckning" (in Swedish). National Archives of Sweden. https://sok.riksarkivet.se/?postid=ArkisRef+SE%2FKrA%2F0219%3A010.
Further reading[edit | edit source]
- Uller, Lennart B:son, ed (1992) (in Swedish). AIHS 1818-1992: minnesskrift med anledning av Högre artilleriläroverkets, Krigshögskolans å Marieberg, Artilleri- och ingenjörhögskolans, Artilleri- och ingenjörofficersskolans, Artilleri- och ingenjörregementsofficersskolans samt (ånyo) Artilleri- och ingenjörhögskolans etthundrasjuttiofyraåriga tillvaro. Stockholm: Probus. ISBN 91-87184-18-4. 7762906.
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