The Assistant Secretary of Defense for Force Management Policy, or ASD(FMP) was a high-ranking position in the Defense Department responsible for the policies, plans and programs for military and civilian personnel management, including recruitment, education, career development, equal opportunity, compensation, recognition, discipline and separation of all Department of Defense personnel. The ASD(FMP) reported directly to the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, or USD(P&R). The ASD(FMP) was replaced in 2002 by a new Deputy Under Secretary position, which is today known as the Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness.
History[edit | edit source]
An Assistant Secretary of Defense was first assigned oversight of DoD manpower, personnel and reserve affairs in 1950. Defense Directive 5124.1, signed 20 April 1977, also delegated oversight of logistics to this position. Following the FY 1984 Defense Authorization Act, the reserve affairs functions were transferred to the new Assistant Secretary of Defense for Reserve Affairs. Meanwhile, installations and logistics functions transferred to a new Assistant Secretary of Defense (Acquisition and Logistics) in July 1985.
From the mid-80s to mid-90s, the position was responsible for military and civilian manpower training, family matters, and review of manpower requirements, both military and civilian, and also exercised direction of equal opportunity matters. After the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994 (P.L. 103-160) established the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, this position was redesignated the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Force Management Policy, and served as a staff assistant to the USD(P&R). The position was abolished in November 2002 when the new Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness took office. The portfolio of the former ASD(FMP) is today distributed across a Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness (previously known as the Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense) and five Deputy Assistant Secretaries of Defense (previously known as Deputy Under Secretaries of Defense).
Office Holders[edit | edit source]
The table below includes both the various titles of this post over time, as well as all the holders of those offices.
|Name||Tenure||SecDef(s) Served Under||President(s) Served Under|
|Assistant Secretary of Defense (Manpower and Personnel)|
|Anna M. Rosenberg||November 15, 1950 - January 20, 1953||George C. Marshall
Robert A. Lovett
|John A. Hannah||February 11, 1953 - July 31, 1954||Charles E. Wilson||Dwight Eisenhower|
|Carter L. Burgess||September 24, 1954 - January 22, 1957||Charles E. Wilson||Dwight Eisenhower|
|William H. Francis||April 19, 1957 - May 24, 1958||Charles E. Wilson
Neil H. McElroy
|Charles O. Finucane||July 15, 1958 - January 19, 1961||Neil H. McElroy
Thomas S. Gates
|Carlisle P. Runge||February 17, 1961 - July 30, 1962||Robert S. McNamara||John F. Kennedy|
|Norman S. Paul||August 8, 1962 - September 30, 1965||Robert S. McNamara||John F. Kennedy |
|Thomas D. Morris||October 1, 1965 - August 31, 1967||Robert S. McNamara||Lyndon Johnson|
|Alfred B. Fitt||October 9, 1967 - February 20, 1969||Robert S. McNamara
Clark M. Clifford
Melvin R. Laird
|Lyndon Johnson |
|Roger T. Kelley||March 3, 1969 - June 1, 1973||Melvin R. Laird
Elliot L. Richardson
|Carl W. Clewlow (Acting)||June 1, 1973 - September 1, 1973||Elliot L. Richardson
James R. Schlesinger
|William K. Brehm||September 1, 1973 - March 18, 1976||James R. Schlesinger
Donald H. Rumsfeld
|Richard Nixon |
|David P. Taylor||July 7, 1976 - February 12, 1977||Donald H. Rumsfeld
|Gerald Ford |
|Assistant Secretary of Defense (Manpower, Reserve Affairs, and Logistics)|
|John P. White||May 11, 1977 - October 31, 1978||Harold Brown||Jimmy Carter|
|Robert B. Pirie, Jr.||June 17, 1979 - January 20, 1981||Harold Brown||Jimmy Carter|
|Lawrence J. Korb||May 4, 1981 - January 12, 1984||Caspar W. Weinberger||Ronald Reagan|
|Assistant Secretary of Defense (Manpower, Installations, and Logistics)|
|Lawrence J. Korb||January 12, 1984 - July 5, 1985||Caspar W. Weinberger||Ronald Reagan|
|Assistant Secretary of Defense (Force Management and Personnel)|
|Lawrence J. Korb||July 5, 1985 - August 31, 1985||Caspar W. Weinberger||Ronald Reagan|
|Chapman B. Cox||December 7, 1985 - July 8, 1987||Caspar W. Weinberger||Ronald Reagan|
|Grant S. Green, Jr.||February 3, 1988 - March 5, 1989||Frank C. Carlucci III
William H. Taft IV (Acting)
|Ronald Reagan |
George H. W. Bush
|Christopher Jehn||November 20, 1989 - January 20, 1993||Richard B. Cheney||George H. W. Bush|
|Edwin Dorn||July 2, 1993 - March 16, 1994||Leslie Aspin, Jr.
William J. Perry
|Assistant Secretary of Defense (Force Management Policy)|
|Frederick F. Y. Pang||October 11, 1994 - November 15, 1997||William J. Perry
William S. Cohen
|Francis M. Rush, Jr. (Acting)||November 15, 1997 - November 12, 1999||William S. Cohen||Bill Clinton|
|Alphonso Maldon, Jr.||November 12, 1999 - January 19, 2001||William S. Cohen||Bill Clinton|
|Charles S. Abell||May 8, 2001 - November 14, 2002||Donald H. Rumsfeld||George W. Bush|
References[edit | edit source]
- "Department of Defense Key Officials". Historical Office, OSD. 2004. http://osdhistory.defense.gov/docs/DOD%20Key%20Officials%201947-2004.pdf. Retrieved 2011-02-01.
- "News Release: Assistant Secretary For Force Management Policy Sworn In". Defense.gov. http://www.defense.gov/releases/release.aspx?releaseid=2911. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
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