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Attinghausen Castle
Burgruine Attinghausen
Attinghausen, Uri
Attinghausen-Burg.jpg
Coordinates Latitude:
Longitude:
Built before 1100
Construction
materials
Stone
Current
condition
ruined

Attinghausen Castle is a ruined medieval castle in the municipality of Attinghausen in the canton of Uri in Switzerland. It is a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[1]

HistoryEdit

The first castle was built before 1100 on a hill in the middle of the village of Attinghausen. About the first owners of the castle virtually nothing is known. They were probably knights in the service of the Counts of Zähringen and they may have used the name von Attinghausen. By the 13th century, the original owners are gone from the castle and the von Schweinsberg family owned it, possibly through Ulrich von Schweinsberg marrying a daughter of the original Attinghausens.[2] The original castle was probably a Motte-and-bailey castle which spread across the hill top.

The Freiherr von Schweinsberg first appears in documents in the 13th century at Wartenstein Castle in the Bernese Emmental. But a branch of the family was in Uri by the mid 13th century and occupied the castle, sometimes adopting the castle's name as their family name. Though they also built Schweinsberg Castle a short distance north of Attinghausen. By 1300 there were two branches, one under Werner II who held the lands in Uri and another under Diethelm I in the Berner Oberland. The Uri branch of the family is traditionally believed to have been critical supporters of the Three Forest Cantons and the early Swiss Confederacy. Werner II and his son Johann were the Landammann of Uri from 1294 until 1358/59.[3] It is unknown what role, if any, Werner played at the Battle of Morgarten in 1315, but in 1339 Johann led the army of Uri at the Battle of Laupen.

The Schweinsberg/Attinghausens replaced the original fortifications with an 11 by 11 meters (36 ft × 36 ft) square tower and a ring wall. The main entrance into the tower was via a wooded staircase to the second or third level. The gate house was in the western wall.[4] A massive wooden structure was built on the southern side of the ring wall. Around 1300 the wooden building was replaced with a large stone residential building, which may have had stables and granaries on the ground floor and bedrooms above.[4] The family's wealth and influence continued to rise. On 1 May 1351, Rudolf Brun of Zurich and Johans von Attinghausen signed an alliance that brought Zurich into the growing Swiss Confederation. In 1353 they received the a fief that included the Imperial customs post at the Castle of Rudenz and became the Rector over Valais. However, in 1358 Johann died. Traditionally, it was believed that he died during an insurrection, which also destroyed the castle. However, more recent research indicates that he might have died of disease or while marching with his army.[2][5]

Johann's son, Jacob, was with the Pope in Avignon, but did not return to Uri or died while returning. Two of his cousins, Werner and Johann von Simpeln probably took over the Attinghausen lands and the castle in 1359. However, they both died soon thereafter, either of disease or in the 1360 fire that destroyed the castle. The Lords of Rudenz then inherited the Attinghausen lands, but could not afford to rebuild the castle. Instead they settled in Rudenz Castle in Flüelen and Attinghausen castle was abandoned.

In 1894 the castle ruins were first excavated and in 1896 they were sold to the Historical Society of Uri. In 1979 an archeological investigation of the ruins discovered numerous artifacts from the castle's residents. By 2007 the ruins were unsafe and the Historical Society closed them to the public. Through donations from the public they raised enough money to thoroughly investigate, document and repair the castle ruins. In 2012 the ruins reopened to the public.[2]

See alsoEdit

List of castles and fortresses in Switzerland

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Kantonsliste A-Objekte" (in German). KGS Inventar. Federal Office of Civil Protection. 2017. Archived from the original on 28 June 2010. https://web.archive.org/web/20100628110559/http://www.bevoelkerungsschutz.admin.ch/internet/bs/de/home/themen/kgs/kgs_inventar/a-objekte.html. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "BURG ATTINGHAUSEN". http://www.burgenwelt.org/schweiz/attinghausen/object.php. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  3. Attinghausen (Schweinsberg), von in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Uri Schloss Attinghausen". http://www.swisscastles.ch/Uri/attinghausen_d.html. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  5. Attinghausen, Johannes von in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.

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