Audie Murphy was one of the most famous and decorated United States Army combat soldiers of World War II, serving from 1942 to 1945. He received every American combat award for valor available at the time of his service,[lower-alpha 1] including the Medal of Honor. He also received recognitions from France and Belgium. After his war service ended, Murphy became an advocate of treatment for Post-traumatic stress disorder in veterans. The Audie L. Murphy Memorial Veterans Hospital in San Antonio and the Sergeant Audie Murphy Clubs (SAMC) on military bases honor his contributions. He joined the Texas National Guard in 1950, transferring to reserve status in 1956 and remaining in the Guard until 1969. He also had a civilian career as a film actor and songwriter. Recognitions he received both during his lifetime and posthumously are listed below.
Murphy participated in campaigns in North Africa, Sicily, Italy, France and Germany, as denoted by his European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with one silver battle star (denoting five campaigns), four bronze battle stars, plus a bronze arrowhead representing his two amphibious assault landings at Sicily and southern France. On February 25, 1945 and March 3, 1945, he received two Silver Stars for further heroic actions. The French government awarded Murphy its Chevalier of the Legion of Honor and two Croix de guerre medals. He received the Croix de guerre 1940 Palm from Belgium. The National Guard assisted him in 1954 with replacements for his original medals which were no longer in his possession. Duplicates of his Medal of Honor and other medals can be viewed at Dallas Scottish Rite Temple museum. On November 10, 1964, Murphy requested his name be added to the United States Army's "Medal of Honor Roll", and that he receive $100 per month pension money.
First award for action on October 2, 1944, Headquarters, 3d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 66 (February 25, 1945). Second award for action on October 5, 1944, Headquarters, 3d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 83 (March 3, 1945).
Murphy attested at Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, Texas, on August 21, 1945 that he had never received the Good Conduct Medal. He was awarded the medal the same day by Lieutenant Colonel H. Miller Ainsworth.
For his service in the U.S. Army Officers' Reserve Corps and in the Texas National Guard. The medal was created by Executive Order 10163, signed by President Harry Truman on 25 September 1950. It is awarded for ten years service in the reserve components of the United States Armed Forces.
Conferred by Royal Order 4282 on December 10, 1955. The award and documentation were forwarded to the State Department to be held until the United States Congress authorized the acceptance and wearing of it. Murphy was notified by the Army on March 14, 1968, that he was allowed to accept the award.
In September, 1986, the CSM George L. Horvath III, III Corps Commander LTG Crosbie E. Saint and several others established the Sergeant Audie Murphy Club at Fort Hood, Texas. The official club crest was designed by club co-founder Don Moore. Since 1994, other units of the U.S. Army have established chapters of the Sergeant Audie Murphy Club (SAMC) as exclusive clubs to honor noncommissioned officers (Corporal E-4 through Sergeant First Class E-7) who have acted in a manner consistent with the actions of Audie Murphy. In 2012 a bronze bust created by Mark and Jenelle Byrd for display in the Sgt. Audie Murphy Club Room in Snow Hall was unveiled at Fort Sill, Oklahoma .
United States government, military and veterans organizationsEdit
1972 – 23,142 square feet (2,100 m2) Audie Murphy Gym dedicated at Fort Benning, Georgia. Its 2009 renovation included a name change to the Audie Murphy Athletic Performance Center.
1973 – Audie L. Murphy Memorial Veterans Hospital, San Antonio, Texas dedicated, featuring an outdoor 8 feet (2.4 m) bronze statue created by Jimilu Mason, funded by the Audie L. Murphy Foundation.
May 30, 1996 – Texas Congressman Ralph Hall commemorated the 25th anniversary of Murphy's death by reading "In Memory of Major Audie L. Murphy" and Murphy's poems, "Alone and Far Removed" and "Freedom Flies in Your Heart Like an Eagle" into the Congressional Record.
March 9, 2001 – Camp Eagle military visitor lodging Audie Murphy Inn dedicated near Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina by the 3rd Infantry Division. In October 2001, the 3rd Infantry Division departed Camp Eagle.[lower-alpha 3]
May 28, 2006 – a 16-inch (41 cm) × 8-inch (20 cm) commemorative plaque unveiled at Mount Soledad Veterans Memorial in La Jolla, California.
September, 2008 – American Legion Audie Murphy Post 336 chartered, San Antonio, Texas.
Date unknown – Audie Murphy Award sponsored by the American Veterans Center, honoring veterans of World War II.
1948 – Audie Murphy Arena, near Euless, Texas was dedicated as a venue for the yearly Audie Murphy Rodeo. In 1952 the Rodeo moved to Stephenville, Texas where it closed during the mid 1950s.
February 12 – Murphy made an honorary Texas A&M University cadet colonel.
July 2 – Murphy made an honorary Texas Ranger and chosen to lead the Texas Ranger Day parade in Brooks County.
1951 – Artist Kipp Soldwedel commissioned to paint Murphy's portrait, now owned by the State of Texas and hung in various locations in the Texas State Capitol.
1962 – Dallas artist Dmitri Vail commissioned to paint Murphy's portrait, believed to be owned by Murphy's family.
Texas State Historical Marker 7820, Celeste, denoting Murphy's one-time residency.
Texas State Historical Marker 7821, Kingston, denoting Murphy's birthplace.
1975 – Post Office, Greenville, Texas State Historical Marker 7799, denoted it as the site of Murphy's miliary enlistment; the building was added to the National Register of Historic Places listings in Hunt County, Texas in 1974 .[lower-alpha 4]
March 16 – Inducted into the Country Music Association of Texas Hall of Fame.
June 20 – Texas Legislature officially declared his birthdate as "Audie Murphy Day".
1999, Memorial Day – Pink granite obelisk at Texas State Cemetery dedicated listing the names of all Texas-born Medal of Honor recipients, including Murphy.
1971 – Audie Murphy Patriotism Award. When Murphy's death on May 28, 1971, aborted his scheduled appearance at that year's July 4 Spirit of America Festival in Decatur, Alabama, the festival created the annual award in his memory.
November 11, 1972 – Patriotic Hall. Los Angeles, California, 21.75 inches (0.552 m) by 31.75 inches (0.806 m) commemorative plaque listing medals won by Murphy during World War II.[lower-alpha 7]
November 10, 1974 – Mounted plaque erected at Brush Mountain, Virginia by Veterans of Foreign Wars Post 5311 of Christiansburg, Virginia, to commemorate the site of Murphy's death.
January 29, 2000 – Holtzwihr artist Patrick Baumann designed a commemorative plaque depicting Murphy on a tank destroyer, affixed to a wall at the site of the Medal of Honor action.[lower-alpha 12]
2001 – Republic of Palau Murphy commemorative stamp part of a 4-stamp sheet "Remembering VJ Day".[lower-alpha 13]
June 9, 2013 – Second free-standing commemorative plaque depicting Murphy firing the .50 caliber machine gun atop the tank unveiled at Holtzwihr by local authorities, the U.S. Consul General in Strasbourg, and representatives from American social organizations based in the Alsace region.
In November, 2000, Murphy was posthumously awarded the Scottish Rite Masonry 33rd Degree in Long Beach, California, presented to his widow Pamela. From 1955 until his death, Murphy was a member of numerous Scottish Rite lodges in California and Texas. The Murat Shriners of Indianapolis, Indiana provided the below timeline of Murphy's degrees and lodge associations.[lower-alpha 14]
February 14 – First degree masonry, North Hollywood Lodge No. 542
April 4 – Fellowcraft degree
June 27 – Master Mason degree
1956 – Second North Hollywood membership, Magnolia Park No. 618
November 11–14 – degree work and 32nd degree Scottish Rite Temple in Dallas
Thomas B. Hunter Memorial Class vice president
November 15 – Hella Temple, Dallas shriner
November 14 – Master of the Royal Secret, Valley of Dallas, Orient of Texas
December 11 – 1965 Knight Commander of the Court of Honor KCCH
↑Murphy received all valor awards for combat at the time. Soldier's Medal is a non-combat award. Act of Congress (Public Law 446-69th Congress, 2 July 1926 (44 Stat. 780)) established the Soldier's Medal for heroism "as defined in 10 USC 101(d), at the time of the heroic act who distinguished himself or herself by heroism not involving actual combat with the enemy."
↑ Army regulations dictate that U.S. state level awards follow all U.S. federal level and non-United States awards in order of precedence.
↑Photographs, user-generated reproduction of 2001 letter to Terry Murphy from U.S. Army Colonel Barry J. Fowler, 3rd Infantry Division in Bosnia, accompanying user-generated explanatory text.
↑Conflicting information exists as to Murphy's date and place of enlistment. The Audie L. Murphy Memorial website has scanned documents from the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration that include Corrinne Burns' statement and Murphy's "Induction Record", which shows him "Enlisted at Dallas, Texas" on June 30, 1942, and the line above it says "Accepted for service at Greenville, Texas". The National Register of Historic Places Listing added the Greenville post office as historic site number 74002081 in 1974, citing it as Murphy's place of enlistment, possibly referring to the act the military termed "Accepted for service". The NRHP also shows his enlistment date as June 20, 1942 which might be the date he was accepted for service.
↑Photographs of the portraits, user-generated explanatory text.
Davis, Joe B; Parsons, Chuck (2011). The Texas Rangers. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-7982-5.
Dept. of Defense (1942-1945a). "Personnel Placement Questionnaire". U.S. National Archives and Records Administration ARC Identifier 299774.
Dept. of Defense (1942-1945b). "Application for Federal Recognition as National Guard Officer of Warrant Officer and an Appointment as Reserved Commission Officer or Warrant Officer of the Army of the United States in the National Guard of the United States, signed by Audie Murphy, Major Clement H. Easley, and Colonel Edward D. McCall". U.S. National Archives and Records Administration ARC Identifier 299774.
Dept. of Defense (1942-1945c). "Statement of Military Service signed by Major Verne L. Bowers". U.S. National Archives and Records Administration ARC Identifier 299774.
Dept. of Defense (July 14, 1950). "Audie Murphy Oath of Office as Captain of the National Guard of the United States, Form No. 337". U.S. National Archives and Records Administration ARC Identifier 299774.
Dept. of Defense (July 26, 1950). "Appointment to the National Guard of the United States, signed by Edward F. Witsell, Major General". U.S. National Archives and Records Administration ARC Identifier 299774.
Dept. of Defense (October 19, 1950). "Oath of Office taken at Euless, Texas, National Guard of the United States, attested by Thomas R. Black, Lt. Col., AGC, Texas National Guard". U.S. National Archives and Records Administration ARC Identifier 299774.
Dept. of Defense (January 21, 1952). "National Guard amendment transferring Audie Murphy's status to Inactive, signed by Raymond H. Fleming, Major General". U.S. National Archives and Records Administration ARC Identifier 299774.
Dept. of Defense (June 11, 1956). "Officers' Biographical Questionnaire , Form 317". U.S. National Archives and Records Administration ARC Identifier 299774.
Dept. of Defense (February 14, 1956). "Audie Murphy Oath of Office as Major of the National Guard of the United States, Form No. 337". U.S. National Archives and Records Administration ARC Identifier 299774.
Dept. of Defense (February 14, 1956). "Memo to Audie Murphy from Major General John A. Klein, United States Army". U.S. National Archives and Records Administration ARC Identifier 299774.
Dept. of Defense (November 22, 1966). "NCB Form 123, signed by Major General Winston P. Wilson, Announcement of change in federally recognized status 4". U.S. National Archives and Records Administration ARC Identifier 29977.
Dept. of Defense (May 22, 1969). "Notification sent to Audie Murphy certifying his removal from active service". U.S. National Archives and Records Administration ARC Identifier 299774.
Murphy, Audie (2002). To Hell and Back. New York: Henry Holt and Co. ISBN 978-0-8050-7086-6.
Murphy, Audie (November 10, 1964). "Letter requesting his name be added to the Medal of Honor Roll". U.S. National Archives and Records Administration ARC Identifier 299774.
Phinney, Major General Carl H., TNG (December 11, 1954). "Letter to Major General William H. Abendroth, Chief of the Army Branch, National Guard Bureau at the Pentagon". U.S. National Archives and Records Administration ARC Identifier 299774.