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Audunborg
Jølster, Norway
Audun Hugleiksson
Audun Hugleiksson's seal on the memorial erected on the castle site.
Type Medieval castle
Coordinates Latitude:
Longitude:
Built 1276-1286
Construction
materials
Stone
In use Ca.1276-?
Controlled by Norway
Garrison Baron Audun's hird
Commanders Audun Hugleiksson

Audunborg or Hegrenes-borga was a castle and fortification built by Audun Hugleiksson on his inherited estate at Ålhus on the shore of the Jølstravatn in the municipality of Jølster in Sogn og Fjordane county, Norway. It is about 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) northeast of the village of Vassenden.

HistoryEdit

The castle was built in stone from 1276 to 1286 probably by English craftsmen from Bergen. The rectangular building was 22 by 13 metres (72 ft × 43 ft) and had three stories. There was a store room in the ground floor, living quarters on the next floor, and a feast hall in the top floor. It had large windows and arches. The building itself had water on three sides and was thus easy to defend. It is also thought that a moat or castle wall was part of the fortifications. Recent research claims that Audun himself spent little time in his castle as his activities kept him either in Bergen, in the east of the country or abroad. As a baron, Audun Hugleiksson was allowed to keep a hird (armed retinue) a right otherwise reserved for the king. This hird would defend him on his travels and when he was at home in Audunborg.

In Norway, only the King and the Church had the funds to build in stone and Audunborg along with Isegran by Glomma, built by Alv Erlingsson, are the only two known examples of private stone castles in Norway. Stories about Audun remain in local folklore and one story includes him burying all his money and sinking a silver table into the lake Jølstravatn before departing for his last trip to Bergen.[1][2]

Modern DayEdit

Today, only the ruins remain of the castle that stood at the tip of Hegreneset by Jølstravatn in Sunnfjord. It was first excavated in 1934 and is probably modeled after Håkonshallen in Bergen which was twice as long and twice as wide. A memorial to Audun, carved by Jørgen P. Solheimsnes from Jølster was erected on the site of the castle in 1960. Its motive is the baron's seal. There is a biannual outdoor play performed on Ålhus called Hugleikssonspelet which is written by Edvard Hoem, based on a book by Anne Cecilie Kapstad which commemorates Audun Hugleiksson.[3][4]

Media galleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Nedrebø, Yngve (2002) (in Norwegian). Audun Hugleiksson–frå kongens råd til galgen. Selja forlag. ISBN 978-82-91722-25-2. 
  2. Helle, Knut (1999). "Audun Hugleiksson" (in Norwegian). Norsk biografisk leksikon. 1. Kunskapsforlaget. 
  3. Nedrebø, Yngve (2002) (in Norwegian). Audun Hugleiksson–frå kongens råd til galgen. Selja forlag. ISBN 978-82-91722-25-2. 
  4. Helle, Knut (1999). "Audun Hugleiksson" (in Norwegian). Norsk biografisk leksikon. 1. Kunskapsforlaget. 

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 61°31′49″N 6°13′55″E / 61.53028°N 6.23194°E / 61.53028; 6.23194

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