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August 2016 Quetta attacks
Part of the War in North-West Pakistan
Balochistan in Pakistan (claims hatched).svg
Location of Balochistan in Pakistan
Location Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan
Date 8 August 2016
Attack type
Suicide bombing, Shooting
Weapons Explosives, Automatic Rifle
Deaths 70 to 94+[1][2]
Non-fatal injuries
120+
Perpetrators


On 8 August 2016, terrorists attacked the Government Hospital of Quetta in Pakistan with a suicide bombing and shooting.[6][7] They killed 70 and injured more than 130 others.[8] The fatalities were mainly advocates (lawyers) who had assembled at the hospital where the body of Advocate Bilal Anwar Kasi, the president of Balochistan Bar Association, was brought after he was shot dead by an unknown gunman.[9] Responsibility for the attack has been claimed by various Islamist groups like Jamaat-ul-Ahrar and the Islamic State. Between 70[10][11][12][13][14][15] and 94 people were killed and over 120 injured.[16][17][18] 54 of those killed were lawyers.[19]

On 6 December 2016, the mastermind of the attack, Jehangir Badini, was killed in Pishin during an operation by security forces.[20]

IncidentEdit

Advocate Bilal Anwar Kasi 46,[21] the president of Balochistan Bar Association, was attacked on the morning of 8 August near Mengal Chowk on Manno Jan Road while leaving his home for his office. His dead body was brought to the Government Hospital for autopsy and many advocates assembled there. A suspected suicide bombing took place inside the hospital, which was followed by gunfire resulting in fatalities and injuries.[9][22]

Police and Frontier Corps took over the area after the attack and an emergency was declared in hospitals of Quetta.[23] Mobile phone jammers were activated in the hospital area.[24] The Bomb Disposal Squad reported that 8 to 9 kilograms of explosives were used in the attack.[25] Two journalists, one from Aaj News and the other from Dawn News, died in the Quetta Civil Hospital attack while working.[26]

PerpetratorsEdit

Both the Pakistani Taliban and the Islamic State militant group (ISIS) have claimed responsibility for the attack. Initially Islamic State claimed the responsibility for the attack stating that “A martyr from the Islamic State detonated his explosive belt at a gathering of justice ministry employees and Pakistani policemen in the city of Quetta.”.[5][27][28] However, Jamaat-ul-Ahrar, a splinter group of Pakistani militant group Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan, also claimed credit for the attack on advocate Kasi and the hospital.[3][29][30] The group threatened that more attacks would take place "until the imposition of an Islamic system in Pakistan".[24]

ISPR quoted Army Chief Raheel Sharif as saying that the attack was targeting China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC).[31]

ReactionsEdit

DomesticEdit

Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and President Mamnoon Hussain condemned the attack and expressed their grief over the loss. The government announced three-day mourning in which the National Flag of Pakistan will remain at half staff on government buildings.

Consequent to the attack, a scheduled meeting was held to review the implementation of National Action Plan and it was decided that a task force consisting of senior officials from the security agencies of both the federal and provincial governments, will be established to monitor the progress. Several politicians, including Balochistan Chief Minister Sanaullah Zehri, Interior Minister Minister Sarfraz Bugti, former president Pervez Musharraf, National Security adviser Sartaj Aziz and Pakistan Foreign Ministry spokesman Nafees Zakaria accused the Indian intelligence agency Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) and Afghanistan's intelligence agency National Directorate of Security (NDS) of orchestrating the attack. The accusations reiterated past Pakistani claims of Indian involvement in Balochistan.[32][33][34][35][36][37][38] Pakistan's military establishment said that the threat to internal security was morphing due to a nexus between hostile foreign intelligence agencies and local militant groups.[39]

However, Pakhtunkhwa Milli Awami Party (PkMAP) chief Mahmood Khan Achakzai, Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (F) Chief Maulana Fazlur Rehman and Muhammad Khan Sherani and Leader of opposition in Pakistani Senate, Chaudhry Aitzaz Ahsan alleged that the government was trying to save itself from any responsibility by blaming foreign agencies and contending that it was a failure of Pakistani Intelligence Agencies demanded sacking of officials if perpetrators are not caught.[40][41][42][43][44][45][46][47]

Provincial government announced compensation of Rs 10 million for deceased person's family and Rs 5 million for seriously injured. Medical expenses and associated charges of those admitted in Combined Military Hospital (CMH), Quetta and Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi will be compensated by Government. According to the victims Government is not doing enough for their care. Punjab chief minister, Shahbaz Sharif, gave Rs 0.5 Million for the deceased and Rs 250,000 for injured.Education Fund was established by Balochistan Chief Minister Nawab Sanaullah Zehri for the children of the victims.[19]

InternationalEdit

United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon,[48][49] United States White House Press Secretary Josh Earnest[50] Afghan President Ashraf Ghani[51] and French President François Hollande all condemned the attack.[52] The Pakistan and England cricket teams observed a minute of silence before the start of their fourth test match. Both teams wore black arm-bands in solidarity with the victims.[53]

Social networking website Facebook activated its Safety Check feature enabling people to mark themselves safe.[54]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Quetta blast: Another victim dies, death toll rises to 74". ARYnews. http://arynews.tv/en/quetta-blast-another-victim-dies-death-toll-rises-to-74/. Retrieved 16 August 2016. 
  2. "Death toll in Quetta civil hospital blast soars to 74". dunyanews. 13 August 2016. http://dunyanews.tv/en/Pakistan/348993-Death-toll-in-Quetta-civil-hospital-blast-soars-to. Retrieved 16 August 2016. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "70 dead as blast hits Quetta Civil Hospital after lawyer's killing". Dawn. 8 August 2016. http://www.dawn.com/news/1276183/70-dead-as-blast-hits-quetta-civil-hospital-after-lawyers-killing. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  4. "Taliban faction had assistance of NDS in Quetta blast: Sartaj Aziz - Pakistan - Dunya News". http://dunyanews.tv/en/Pakistan/348886-Taliban-faction-had-assistance-of-NDS-in-Quetta-bl. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Correspondent, The Newspaper's Staff (9 August 2016). "Quetta in a daze after massacre". Dawn. http://www.dawn.com/news/1276340/quetta-in-a-daze-after-massacre. Retrieved 9 August 2016. 
  6. "Death toll in Quetta civil hospital blast soars to 74 - Pakistan - Dunya News". http://dunyanews.tv/en/Pakistan/348993-Death-toll-in-Quetta-civil-hospital-blast-soars-to. 
  7. "Quetta blast: Another victim dies, death toll rises to 74 | ARY NEWS". http://arynews.tv/en/quetta-blast-another-victim-dies-death-toll-rises-to-74/. 
  8. Mann, Tanveer (8 August 2016). "93 mourners dead after bomb explodes at hospital in Pakistan". http://metro.co.uk/2016/08/08/93-mourners-dead-after-bomb-explodes-at-hospital-in-pakistan-6054485/. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 "55 killed, over 100 injured in blast at hospital in Pakistan's Quetta". The Times of India. 8 August 2016. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/world/pakistan/55-killed-over-100-injured-in-blast-at-hospital-in-Pakistans-Quetta/articleshow/53596823.cms. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  10. Recorder, Business. "The Quetta massacre | Business Recorder". http://www.brecorder.com/editorials/0:/73678:the-quetta-massacre/?date=2016-08-10. 
  11. "Pakistani lawyers go on strike after dozens killed in attack". http://www.businessinsider.com/r-pakistani-lawyers-go-on-strike-after-dozens-killed-in-attack-2016-8. 
  12. "Quetta blast: Another victim dies, death toll rises to 74 | ARY NEWS". http://arynews.tv/en/quetta-blast-another-victim-dies-death-toll-rises-to-74/. 
  13. "Death toll in Quetta civil hospital blast soars to 74 - Pakistan - Dunya News". http://dunyanews.tv/en/Pakistan/348993-Death-toll-in-Quetta-civil-hospital-blast-soars-to. 
  14. "Pakistan hospital bomb attack kills dozens in Quetta - BBC News" (in en-GB). http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-37007661. 
  15. CNN, Sheena McKenzie. "Pakistan Taliban splinter group claims Quetta attack". http://www.cnn.com/2016/08/08/asia/pakistan-hospital-blast/index.html. 
  16. Dua, Ruchi (8 August 2016). "93 killed, over 120 injured in bomb attack at hospital in Pakistan's Quetta". http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/quetta-bomb-explosion-civil-hospital-balochistan/1/734741.html. Retrieved 15 August 2016. 
  17. "Pakistan hospital blast kills up to 93, at least 120 injured". RT News. 8 August 2016. https://www.rt.com/news/355056-pakistan-blast-explosion-isis/. Retrieved 15 August 2016. 
  18. Mann, Tanveer (8 August 2016). "93 mourners dead after bomb explodes at hospital in Pakistan". Metro News. http://metro.co.uk/2016/08/08/93-mourners-dead-after-bomb-explodes-at-hospital-in-pakistan-6054485/. Retrieved 15 August 2016. 
  19. 19.0 19.1 Zulfiqar, Shahzada (2016-08-26). "A fraternity in mourning". http://www.dawn.com/news/1279899/a-fraternity-in-mourning. 
  20. Shah, Syed Ali (5 December 2016). "Mastermind of Quetta Civil Hospital carnage killed, says Sarfraz Bugti". Dawn. http://www.dawn.com/news/1300646/mastermind-of-quetta-civil-hospital-carnage-killed-says-sarfraz-bugti. Retrieved 6 December 2016. 
  21. Dawn.com (2016-08-26). "54 voices: What we lost in the Quetta carnage". http://www.dawn.com/news/1279894. 
  22. Baloch, Zafar; Malik, Hasnaat; Sikandar, Sardar (8 August 2016). "63 killed in blast at Quetta's civil hospital after lawyer's killing". The Express Tribune. http://tribune.com.pk/story/1157855/explosion-firing-heard-near-civil-hospital-quetta/. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  23. "40 killed, 50 injured in Pakistan hospital explosion". The Hindu. 8 August 2016. http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/pak-hospital-blast/article8959074.ece. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  24. 24.0 24.1 "Pakistani Taliban faction claims responsibility for Quetta hospital bomb blast that killed 75". Indian Express. 8 August 2016. http://indianexpress.com/article/world/world-news/balochistan-bomb-blast-in-civil-hospital-in-quetta-15-dead-2961150/. Retrieved 9 August 2016. 
  25. "Lawyers, media persons among 70 killed in Quetta hospital blast". Dunya News. 8 August 2016. http://dunyanews.tv/en/Pakistan/348229-Suicide-blast-targeting-lawyers-media-men-at-Quet. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  26. "Two journalists killed in Quetta attack". Geo tv. 8 August 2016. https://www.geo.tv/latest/110974-Aaj-News-journalist-Shahzad-killed-in-Quetta-attack. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  27. "Taliban and ISIS both claim Quetta hospital suicide bombing". 9 August 2016. http://www.newsweek.com/taliban-isis-both-claim-quetta-pakistan-hospital-suicide-bombing-488653. 
  28. "RAW-backed LeJ, TTP may have attacked Quetta". www.thenews.com.pk. The News Int. https://www.thenews.com.pk/print/141220-RAW-backed-LeJ-TTP-may-have-attacked-Quetta. Retrieved 9 August 2016. 
  29. Aamir Iqbal (8 August 2016). "Suicide blast claimed by Taliban faction in Pakistan claims at least 64 lives". The Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/suicide-bomber-targets-pakistans-lawyers-kills-at-least-53/2016/08/08/cce19344-5d4d-11e6-8e45-477372e89d78_story.html. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  30. Syed Ali Shah (8 August 2016). "70 dead as blast hits Quetta Civil Hospital after lawyer's killing". Dawn News. http://www.dawn.com/news/1276183. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  31. Dawn.com (8 August 2016). "Gen Raheel orders intelligence agencies to initiate special operations". http://www.dawn.com/news/1276207/gen-raheel-orders-intelligence-agencies-to-initiate-special-operations. 
  32. Ali Shah, Syed (9 August 2016). "70 dead as blast hits Quetta Civil Hospital after lawyer's killing". Dawn.com. http://www.dawn.com/news/1276183/30-dead-as-blast-hits-quetta-civil-hospital-after-lawyers-killing. 
  33. "Catastrophe in Quetta". http://nation.com.pk/national/09-Aug-2016/catastrophe-in-quetta. Retrieved 9 August 2016. 
  34. "RAW behind terrorist attacks in Balochistan: CM Zehri". www.geo.tv. Geo. https://www.geo.tv/latest/110972-RAW-behind-terrorist-attacks-in-Balochistan-CM-Zehri. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  35. "Indian "RAW" involved in Quetta bombing: Balochistan CM | SAMAA TV". samaa.com. Samaa. http://www.samaa.tv/pakistan/2016/08/indian-raw-involved-in-quetta-bombing-balochistan-cm/. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  36. "RAW hand can’t be ruled out in Quetta attack: Musharraf". ARY News. 8 August 2016. https://arynews.tv/en/raw-hand-cant-be-ruled-out-in-quetta-blast-musharraf/. Retrieved 9 August 2016. 
  37. "Islamabad hints at RAW’s involvement in Quetta carnage - The Express Tribune" (in en-US). 12 August 2016. http://tribune.com.pk/story/1160645/quetta-carnage-islamabad-hints-raws-involvement/. 
  38. Abbas, Syed Sammer (12 August 2016). "Pakistan will invite India to discuss violence in Kashmir, says Aziz". http://www.dawn.com/news/1277152/pakistan-will-invite-india-to-discuss-violence-in-kashmir-says-aziz. 
  39. Syed, Baqir Sajjad (12 August 2016). "Anti-terror fight to focus on foreign agencies". http://www.dawn.com/news/1277031/anti-terror-fight-to-focus-on-foreign-agencies. 
  40. "Quetta attack was an intelligence failure of our agencies: Achakzai". https://timesofislamabad.com/quetta-attack-was-an-intelligence-failure-of-our-agencies-achakzai/2016/08/09/. 
  41. Khan, Raza (9 August 2016). "PM should sack officers of intelligence agencies if they fail to trace Quetta attack perpetrators: Achakzai". http://www.dawn.com/news/1276449. 
  42. "Aitzaz terms Quetta attack intelligence failure, says NAP not being implemented". http://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2016/08/09/national/aitzaz-terms-quetta-attack-intelligence-failure-says-nap-not-being-implemented/. 
  43. Webmaster (11 August 2016). "‘Interior Ministry must ashamed on its failure’". http://pakobserver.net/2016/08/12/interior-ministry-must-ashamed-on-its-failure/. 
  44. Correspondent, The Newspaper's Staff (12 August 2016). "PPP terms Quetta carnage failure of interior ministry, agencies". http://www.dawn.com/news/1277044/ppp-terms-quetta-carnage-failure-of-interior-ministry-agencies. 
  45. "An intelligence failure by all accounts". https://www.thenews.com.pk/print/141221-An-intelligence-failure-by-all-accounts. 
  46. "Achakzai calls Quetta blast an intelligence failure | ARY NEWS". http://arynews.tv/en/achakzai-calls-quetta-blast-an-intelligence-failure/. 
  47. "An intelligence failure: Why not to blame sacred cows for Quetta massacre?". http://pk.shafaqna.com/EN/33519. 
  48. "Pakistan: Ban condemns ‘appalling’ terrorist attack at hospital in Quetta". UN News Center. 8 August 2016. https://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=54641#.V6i9F_skrcs. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  49. Ayaz Gul (8 August 2016). "Suicide Blast At Pakistani Hospital Kills Dozens". The Voice of America. http://www.voanews.com/content/hospital-bombing-quetta/3455236.html. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  50. "The Latest: White House Condemns Quetta Hospital Bombing". ABC News. 8 August 2016. http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/latest-30-killed-bombing-pakistani-city-quetta-41197270. Retrieved 9 August 2016. 
  51. "Afghan president telephones PM Nawaz, conveys condolence on Quetta tragedy - The Express Tribune" (in en-US). 11 August 2016. http://tribune.com.pk/story/1160434/afghan-president-telephones-pm-nawaz-conveys-condolence-quetta-tragedy/. 
  52. "France condemns Quetta attack, expresses solidarity". Samaa TV. 8 August 2016. http://www.samaa.tv/pakistan/2016/08/france-condemns-quetta-attack-expresses-solidarity/. Retrieved 9 August 2016. 
  53. Sport, Dawn (11 August 2016). "Pakistan, England observe minute of silence for Quetta blast victims". http://www.dawn.com/news/1276893/pakistan-england-observe-minute-of-silence-for-quetta-blast-victims. 
  54. "Pakistan hospital bomb attack kills dozens in Quetta". BBC News. 8 August 2016. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-37007661. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 

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