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August Schomburg
LTG August Schomburg.jpg
Born (1908-07-03)July 3, 1908
Died January 14, 1972(1972-01-14) (aged 63)
Place of birth Denver, Colorado
Place of death Phoenix, Arizona
Place of burial Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1931-1967
Rank Lieutenant General
Commands held Commandant, Industrial College of the Armed Forces
Awards Distinguished Service Medal
Legion of Merit (2)
Army Commendation Medal (2)

Lieutenant General (Ret.) August Schomburg (born July 3rd, 1908) was the Commander of the United States Army Ballistic Missile Command, and later Commandant of the Industrial College of the Armed Forces. He retired from Active Duty military service in 1967, and died in 1972. He is buried at Arlington National Cemetery.[1] His wife Fern Wynne Schomburg died in 1996.



August Schomburg was born in Denver, Colorado, on July 3rd, 1908. Following graduation from West Denver High School in 1926, he attended the Colorado School of Mines for a year before entering the U. S. Military Academy at West Point. He was graduated from the West Point on June 11, 1931, with a degree in Military Science and was commissioned a Second Lieutenant of Infantry in the Regular Army.


During the early years of his military career he served various Infantry assignments. In 1937 he transferred to Ordnance and attended the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, receiving his Master of Science degree in Mechanical Engineering. He attended the Ordnance School at Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland and remained at the Proving Ground serving successively as Adjutant before going to the staff of the Ordnance Research and Development Center for tours as Chief, Small Arms Section; Executive Officer, Proving Center and Commanding Officer of the Ordnance Winter Proving Center in Canada.

In April 1944 he was called to the War Department General Staff, where he was assigned to G-3 until February 1946. The following three years he spent at Ottawa, Canada as Assistant Military Attaché, U. S. Embassy, and Liaison Officer with the Canadian Army.

In September 1949 he was assigned to Watertown Arsenal, Watertown, Massachusetts, where he remained until July 29, 1952 as Director of Research, Development and Engineering. The following year he spent as a student at the Industrial College of the Armed Forces, Fort McNair, Washington, DC, graduating in June 1953. He was named Chief, Procurement Branch, G-4, Logistics, for United States Army in Europe, in 1953, with headquarters at Heidelberg, Germany.

On April 27, 1956, General Schomburg was appointed Chief, Research and Development Division, Office, Chief of Ordnance. General Schomburg became Deputy Chief of Ordnance on 2 May 1958. He commanded the U.S. Army Ordnance Missile Command at Redstone Arsenal, predecessor to the U.S. Army Missile Command (later merged with the U.S. Army Aviation and Troop Command to form the U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command in 1997), where he worked with Dr. Werner Von Braun in the development of the Nike-Zeus and Hercules class missile systems from February 1960 to May 24, 1962.[2] He assisted with the official transfer of authority of the Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA) to the NASA George C. Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) on July 1, 1960.[3] General Schomburg later served as Commandant of the Industrial College of the Armed Forces at Fort McNair prior to his retirement in 1967. He died in January 1972 and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery. He was inducted into the Ordnance Corps Hall of Fame in 1985.[4]


Lieutenant General Schomburg was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal, the Legion of Merit with Oak Leaf Cluster and the Army Commendation Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster.


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