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B.I
Aviatik B.I.jpg
Aviatik B.I.
Role Reconnaissance aircraft
Manufacturer Aviatik
Designer Robert Wilddisambiguation needed
First flight 1914
Introduction 1914
Retired 1916
Primary user Luftstreitkräfte

The Aviatik B.I is a German two-seat reconnaissance biplane designed and built by the Automobil und Aviatik AG company, who until then had produced copies of French designs.

The B.I was developed from a 1913 design for a racing aircraft. The crew sat in open tandem cockpits with the observer in the front. It entered service in 1914.

It was followed by the B.II model, which had a more powerful Mercedes engine and was later armed with a single 7.7 mm machine gun.

The B.I was manufactured in large numbers in Italy under licence by Società Aeronautica Meccanica Lombardia (SAML), which built 410 examples according to Aviatik's design.[1] The firm then put two modified versions of their own into production, as designed by Robert Wild.[1] The first of these, the SAML S.1 was powered by a Fiat A.12 engine and was armed with a Revelli machine gun for the observer.[2] The second version, the SAML S.2 was intended for the reconnaissance-bomber role and had a shorter wingspan, a fixed, forward-firing Revelli gun in addition to the one in the rear cockpit, and a bomb load of 40 kg (90 lb).[2] The 16 Squadriglie da Recognizione operated 660 S-1s and S-2s from 1917 onwards in Italy, Albania, and Macedonia.[2] Two SAML S.1 participated in the Revolution of 1922 in Paraguay in the government side. They survived the conflict and they were the first planes of the new Military Aviation School, along a single SVA-5, a SVA-10 and a SPAD S.20. One S.1 was destroyed in an accident in 1928 but the other survived as a trainer during the Chaco War.

OperatorsEdit

Flag of Austria-Hungary (1869-1918).svg Austria-Hungary
Flag of the German Empire.svg Germany
Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy
Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey

Specifications (B.I)Edit

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 7.97 m (26 ft 2 in)
  • Wingspan: 13.97 m (45 ft 10 in)
  • Height: 3.3 m (10 ft 10 in)
  • Gross weight: 1,088 kg (2,399 lb)
  • Powerplant: × Mercedes D.I 6-cylinder liquid-cooled inline engine, 74.5 kW (99.9 hp) Expression error: Unexpected > operator.

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 100 km/h (62 mph; 54 kn)
  • Endurance: 4hrs
  • Service ceiling: 5,000 m (16,404 ft) [3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Notes
  1. 1.0 1.1 Gunston 1993, p. 266.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Taylor 1989, p. 788.
  3. Angelucci 1983, p. 85.
Bibliography
  • Angelucci, Enzo. The Rand McNally Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft, 1914-1980. San Diego, California: The Military Press, 1983. ISBN 0-517-41021-4.
  • Gunston, Bill. World Encyclopedia of Aircraft Manufacturers. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1993. 1-55750-939-5.
  • Jackson, Robert. The Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft. London: Paragon, 2002. ISBN 0-75258-130-9.
  • Taylor, Michael J. H. Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions, 1989. ISBN 0-517-69186-8.
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External linksEdit


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