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B.II
Aviatik B.II.jpg
Role Reconnaissance aircraft
Manufacturer Aviatik
Designer Robert Wilddisambiguation needed
First flight 1915
Introduction 1915
Retired 1916
Primary users Luftstreitkräfte
Kaiserliche und Konigliche Luftfahrtruppen

The Aviatik B.II was a reconnaissance aircraft built in Germany and Austria-Hungary during World War I. It was a two-seat biplane of conventional configuration that seated its pilot and observer in tandem, open cockpits. Compared to its predecessor, the B.I, the B.II had a more powerful engine and revised nose design that faired the powerplant in more neatly, and a single "rhino horn" collector stack for the exhaust. A variety of two- and three-bay wing designs were utilised during production. While originally no armament was fitted (in common with other B- class aircraft), later production versions received a machine gun for the observer. All were withdrawn from front line service by early 1916, however the type continued in use as a trainer for a time with advanced flying training units (it is known that the B.II served in this role at FEA 9 at Darmstadt during 1916).[1]

Austro-Hungarian built D.IIs featured revised, enlarged ailerons, and Austro-Daimler engines.

OperatorsEdit

  • Flag of Austria-Hungary (1869-1918).svg Austria-Hungary
  • Flag of the German Empire.svg German Empire

SpecificationsEdit

General characteristics

  • Crew: two, pilot and observer
  • Length: 7.10 m (23 ft 3 in)
  • Wingspan: 12.35 m (40 ft 6 in)
  • Height: 3.15 m (10 ft 4 in)
  • Gross weight: 1,071 kg (2,356 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Mercedes D.II, 88 kW (120 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 100 km/h (60 mph)
  • Endurance: 4 hours
  • Service ceiling: 6,100[2] m (20,000 ft)

ReferencesEdit

Notes
  1. Cowin, H.W. German and Austrian Aviation of World War I. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing Ltd, 2000. ISBN 1-84176-069-2.
  2. Angelucci 1983, p. 24.
Bibliography
  • Angelucci, Enzo. The Rand McNally Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft, 1914-1980. San Diego, California: The Military Press, 1983. ISBN 0-517-41021-4.
  • Taylor, Michael J. H. Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions, 1989, p. 89.
  • World Aircraft Information Files. London: Bright Star Publishing, File 889 Sheet 89.
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External linksEdit


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