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C.I
Role Reconnaissance aircraft
Manufacturer Aviatik
First flight 1915
Introduction 1915
Retired 1917

The Aviatik C.I was a World War I observation aircraft which first came into service in April 1915 . It was the successor to the Aviatik B.I and B.II models. The observer sat in front of the pilot in this model which limited the gunner's field of fire. However, the opportunity was presented for more aggressive aircrews to take an increased offensive approach in engaging enemy aircraft.[1] The positions of the pilot and gunner were reversed in the C.Ia version. Later models, the C.II and C.III were produced in large numbers and had more powerful engines.

Variants[edit | edit source]

C.1
C.II
Powered by 149 kW (200 hp) Benz Bz. IV engine. Not produced in quantity.[2]
C.III
1916 refinement, operated until 1917.[2]

Operators[edit | edit source]

 Austria-Hungary
 German Empire
 Romania
 Kingdom of Yugoslavia

Specifications[edit | edit source]

Data from [3]

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two
  • Length: 7.925 m (26 ft 0 in)
  • Wingspan: 12.5 m (41 ft 0 14 in)
  • Height: 2.95 m (9 ft 8 18 in)
  • Wing area: 43 m2 (465.4 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 750 kg (1,650 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 1,340 kg (2,948 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Mercedes D III 6-cylinder water-cooled in-line, 119 kW (160 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 142 km/h (77 knots, 88.75 mph)
  • Service ceiling: 3,500 m (11,500 ft)
  • Wing loading: 31.2 kg/m2 (6.33 lb/ft2)
  • Power/mass: 0.089 kW/kg (0.054 hp/lb)
  • Endurance: 3 hours
  • Climb to 1,000 m (3,050 ft): 12 min

Armament

  • Guns: 1 machine gun in rear cockpit

Operators[edit | edit source]

 German Empire
  Switzerland
 Kingdom of Yugoslavia

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. van Wyngarden, G. Early German Aces, p.6
  2. 2.0 2.1 Janes, p.88
  3. Thetford 1962, pp.62—63.

References[edit | edit source]

  • van Wyngarden, G. Early German Aces of World War 1. Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2006. ISBN 1-84176-997-5
  • Taylor, Michael J H. Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. Portland House, 1989. ISBN 0-517-69186-8
  • Gray, Peter and Thetford, Owen. German Aircraft of the First World War. London:Putnam, 1962.


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