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#REDIRECT [[Azerbaijani Armed Forces]]
{{short description|Military forces of Azerbaijan}}
<br />
{{Infobox national military
| name = Armed Forces of Azerbaijan
| native_name = Azərbaycan Silahlı Qüvvələri
| image = Azerbaijani Armed Forces logo.svg
| image_size = 150px
| alt =
| caption = Coat of arms of the Azerbaijan Armed Forces
| image2 =
| alt2 =
| caption2 =
| motto =
| founded = [[Day of the Armed Forces of Azerbaijan|26 June 1918]]
| current_form = 9 October 1991
| disbanded =
| branches = {{army|Azerbaijan}}<br>{{navy|Azerbaijan}}<br>{{air force|Azerbaijan}}
| headquarters = [[Baku]]
| flying_hours =
| website = <!--{{URL|example.mil}}-->
<!-- Leadership -->
| commander-in-chief = President [[Ilham Aliyev]]
| commander-in-chief_title =
| chief minister =
| chief minister_title =
| minister = Colonel-General [[Zakir Hasanov]]
| minister_title = [[Minister of Defense (Azerbaijan)|Defence Minister]]
| commander = '''Vacant'''
| commander_title = [[General Staff of Azerbaijani Armed Forces|Chief of Staff]]
<!-- Manpower -->
| age = 18–35 years (Regular)
| conscription = 12–18 months for ground forces<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.ebco-beoc.org/azerbaijan|title=Azerbaijan - European Bureau for Conscientious Objection|website=www.ebco-beoc.org|access-date=15 January 2015|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150115213842/http://www.ebco-beoc.org/azerbaijan|archive-date=15 January 2015|url-status=live}}</ref>
| manpower_data =
| manpower_age = 18–49
| available = 3,000,000
| available_f =
| fit =
| fit_f =
| reaching =
| reaching_f =
| active = 126,000<ref>{{cite book |ref={{harvid|IISS|2020}} |last=IISS |title=The Military Balance 2020|year=2020 |publisher=Routledge |isbn=978-0367466398 |page=184}}</ref>
| ranked =
| reserve = 330,000
| deployed = 122<ref name="IISS 2019">{{cite book |title=The Military Balance 2019 |year=2019 |page=185}}</ref>
<!-- Financial -->
| amount = $2.267 billion (2020)<ref>{{Cite web |url=https://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/azerbaijan/budget.htm |title=Archived copy |access-date=19 June 2020 |archive-date=21 June 2020 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200621204747/https://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/azerbaijan/budget.htm |url-status=live }}</ref>
| percent_GDP = 5%<br>
<!-- Industrial -->
| domestic_suppliers = [[Azerbaijan Defense Industry]] <br> State Border Service Naval Shipyard
| foreign_suppliers = '''{{flag|Turkey}}'''<br>'''{{flag|Iraq}}'''<br>'''{{flag|Israel}}'''<br>{{flag|Ukraine}}<br>{{flag|Pakistan}}<br>{{flag|Russia}}<br>{{flag|South Africa}}<br>{{flag|United States}}<br>{{flag|Switzerland}}<br>{{flag|Austria}}<br>{{flag|United Kingdom}}<br>{{flag|Italy}}<br>{{flag|Canada}}<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/canada-defence-deal-azerbaijan-export-1.4219119|title=Canadian defence deal with Azerbaijan raises new questions about arms export controls - CBC News|access-date=17 October 2017|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20171002164247/http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/canada-defence-deal-azerbaijan-export-1.4219119|archive-date=2 October 2017|url-status=live}}</ref><br>{{flag|Czech Republic}}<br>{{flag|France}}<br>{{flag|Malaysia}}<br>{{flag|Vietnam}}<br>{{flag|South Korea}}<br>{{flag|Indonesia}}<br>{{flag|Singapore}}<br>{{UAE}}
| imports =
| exports =
<!-- Related articles -->
| history = [[Military history of Azerbaijan]]<br>[[Azerbaijan Democratic Republic]]<br>[[Armenian–Azerbaijani War|Armenian–Azerbaijani War (1918–1920)]]<br>[[Battle of Baku|Battle of Baku (1918)]]<br>[[Azerbaijan during World War II]]<br>[[First Nagorno-Karabakh War|Nagorno-Karabakh War (1991–1994)]]'''<br>'''[[2016 Nagorno-Karabakh clashes]]'''<br>'''[[2020 Nagorno-Karabakh War]] '''(Operation Iron Fist)'''
| ranks = [[Military ranks of Azerbaijan]]
The '''Armed Forces of Azerbaijan''' ({{lang-az|Azərbaycan Silahlı Qüvvələri}}) were re-established according to the Law of the [[Republic of Azerbaijan]] on the Armed Forces from 9 October 1991.<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://en.president.az/|title=Official web-site of President of Azerbaijan Republic|website=en.president.az|access-date=2018-03-06|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120530133038/http://en.president.az/|archive-date=30 May 2012|url-status=live}}</ref> The [[Azerbaijan Democratic Republic]] (ADR) had originally formed its own armed forces from 26 June 1918 but were dissolved after Azerbaijan was absorbed into the Soviet Union as the [[Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic]] from 28 April 1920. After the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991–92, the armed forces were reformed based on Soviet bases and equipment left on Azeri soil.
The armed forces have three branches: the [[Azerbaijani Land Forces]], the [[Azerbaijani Air and Air Defence Force]], and the [[Azerbaijani Navy]].<ref name=JSSA-MT /> Associated forces include the [[Azerbaijani National Guard]], the [[Internal Troops of Azerbaijan]], and the [[State Border Service (Azerbaijan)|State Border Service]], which can be involved in state defense under certain circumstances.
According to the Azerbaijani media sources the military expenditures of Azerbaijan for 2009 were set at US$2.46&nbsp;billion,<ref>{{cite news |title= Gov't allots over $2bn for 2009 defense spending |url= http://www.azernews.az/site/shownews.php?news_id=8601 |archive-url= https://web.archive.org/web/20110706130859/http://www.azernews.az/site/shownews.php?news_id=8601 |url-status= dead |archive-date= 6 July 2011 |publisher= AzerNEWS |date=12 November 2008 |access-date= 12 November 2008}}</ref> however according to [[Stockholm International Peace Research Institute]], only $1.473&nbsp;billion was spent in that year.<ref name="SIPRI">[[Stockholm International Peace Research Institute]] [http://milexdata.sipri.org/ The SIPRI Military Expenditure Database] {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110725213004/http://milexdata.sipri.org/ |date=25 July 2011 }}</ref> [[IISS]] also suggests that the defence budget in 2009 was $1.5&nbsp;billion.<ref name="IISS 2015">{{cite book |title=The Military Balance 2010 |year=2010 |publisher=Routledge for the IISS |location=London|isbn=978-1-85743-557-3 |page=176}}</ref> The [[Ministry of Defence Industry of Azerbaijan]] supervises the design, manufacturing, regulation and maintenance of military equipment. In the future, Azerbaijan hopes to start building tanks, armored vehicles, military planes and military helicopters.<ref name="unaz">{{cite web|url=http://www.un-az.org/undp/bulnews55/en3.php|title=Azerbaijan manufacturing arms|archive-url=https://archive.today/20120530024100/http://www.un-az.org/undp/bulnews55/en3.php|archive-date=30 May 2012|date=26 January 2008}}{{cbignore|bot=medic}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.topix.com/world/azerbaijan/2008/09/azerbaijan-gearing-for-manufacturing-aircraft-and-helicopter|title=Azerbaijan to manufacture its own aircraft and helicopters|access-date=25 September 2008|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20090323215731/http://www.topix.com/world/azerbaijan/2008/09/azerbaijan-gearing-for-manufacturing-aircraft-and-helicopter|archive-date=23 March 2009|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.today.az/news/business/47845.html|title=Azerbaijan will be unable to produce competitive military technology in the next five years|access-date=26 September 2008|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20090323051051/http://www.today.az/news/business/47845.html|archive-date=23 March 2009|url-status=live}} and {{cite web|url=http://www.panarmenian.net/eng/world/news/28011|title=Azerbaijan to produce tanks, aviation bombs and pilotless vehicles in 2009|access-date=7 June 2010|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20100919004012/http://www.panarmenian.net/eng/world/news/28011|archive-date=19 September 2010|url-status=live}}</ref>
Since the fall of the [[Soviet Union]], Azerbaijan has been trying to further develop its armed forces into a professional, well trained, and mobile military. Azerbaijan has been undergoing extensive modernization and capacity expanding programs, with the military budget increasing from around $300&nbsp;million in 2005 to $2.46&nbsp;billion in 2009.<ref name="reuters.com">{{cite news | url=https://www.reuters.com/article/latestCrisis/idUSL1597375 | work=Reuters | title=Azerbaijan announces 53 pct rise in army spending | date=15 April 2008 | access-date=30 June 2017 | archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20090726120651/http://www.reuters.com/article/latestCrisis/idUSL1597375 | archive-date=26 July 2009 | url-status=live}}</ref> The total armed forces number 56,840 men in the land forces, 7,900 men in the air force and air defence force, and 2,200 men in the navy.<ref name="IISS 2015" /> There are also 19,500 personnel in the National Guard, State Border Service, and Internal Troops.<ref name=Blandy12>C. W. Blandy [http://www.da.mod.uk/colleges/arag/document-listings/caucasus/08(17)CWB.pdf Azerbaijan: Is War Over Nagornyy Karabakh a Realistic Option? Advanced Research and Assessment Group. Caucasus Series 08/17. — Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, 2008, p.12] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110510000120/http://www.da.mod.uk/colleges/arag/document-listings/caucasus/08(17)CWB.pdf |date=10 May 2011 }}</ref> In addition, there are 300,000 former service personnel who have had military service in the last 15 years.<ref name=IISS157>{{cite book |title=The Military Balance 2007 |last=[[IISS]] |year=2007 |publisher=Routledge for the IISS |location=London|isbn=978-1-85743-437-8 |page=157}}</ref> The military hardware of Azerbaijan consists of 220 main battle tanks, an additional 162 T-80's were acquired between 2005 and 2010,<ref>[http://en.apa.az/news.php?id=160316 Azerbaijan is second big purchaser of tanks from Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in 2005–2010] {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120407091017/http://en.apa.az/news.php?id=160316 |date=7 April 2012 }}</ref> 595 armored combat vehicles and 270 artillery systems. The air force has about 106 aircraft and 35 helicopters.<ref name=IISS158>{{cite book |title=The Military Balance 2007 |last=[[IISS]] |year=2007 |publisher=Routledge for the IISS |location=London|isbn=978-1-85743-437-8 |page=158}} The IISS list 37 fighter aircraft, 15 fighter-ground attack aircraft, four transport aircraft, 50 training aircraft (including five combat capable trainers), 15 attack helicopters, and 20 transport helicopters</ref>
Azerbaijan has acceded to the [[Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty]] as a non-[[List of countries with nuclear weapons|nuclear weapons state]]. Azerbaijan participates in [[NATO]]'s [[Partnership for Peace]]. Azerbaijan joined the [[Multi-National Force – Iraq|multi-national force]] in 2003. It sent 150 troops to Iraq, and later troops to Kosovo. Azeri troops are still serving in Afghanistan.
Despite the rise in Azerbaijan's defence budget,<ref>Blandy, 'Azerbaijan: Is War Over Nagornyy Karabakh a Realistic Option?, 2008, p.6, quoting http://nvo.ng.ru/wars/2007-02-09/2_poroh.html {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120203063219/http://nvo.ng.ru/wars/2007-02-09/2_poroh.html |date=3 February 2012 }} Nezavisimoye Voyennoye Obozreniye 9 February 2007.</ref> the armed forces were assessed in 2008 as not having a high state of battle readiness and being ill-prepared for wide scale combat operations.<ref name="Blandy, 2008, p.7">Blandy, 2008, p.7</ref>
However, in 2017 Global Firepower ranked Azerbaijan 59th among 127 countries for its military strength.<ref>{{Cite news|url=http://www.globalfirepower.com/countries-listing.asp|title=2017 World Military Powers|access-date=2017-04-30|language=en-US|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20141109212439/http://www.globalfirepower.com/countries-listing.asp|archive-date=9 November 2014|url-status=live}}</ref> It was the best performance among the countries of South Caucasus.
==History of the Azerbaijani military==
{{Main|Military history of Azerbaijan}}
===Azerbaijan Democratic Republic===
[[File:Two Azerbaijani soldiers 1919.png|thumb|175px|left|Two Azerbaijani soldiers, members of the Guba military unit of [[Azerbaijan Democratic Republic]] (1919)]]
The history of the modern Azerbaijan army dates back to [[Azerbaijan Democratic Republic]] in 1918, when the Armed Forces of Azerbaijan Republic were created on 26 June 1918. First ''de facto'' Minister of Defense of ADR was Dr. [[Khosrov bey Sultanov]]. When the Ministry was formally established Gen. [[Samedbey Mehmandarov]] became the minister, and then Lt-Gen. [[Ali-Agha Shikhlinski]] his deputy. Chiefs of Staff of ADR Army were Lt-Gen. [[Maciej Sulkiewicz]] (March 1919 – 10 December 1919) and Maj-Gen. Abdulhamid bey Gaitabashi (10 December 1919 – April 1920).<ref name="Azerbaijani Army marks 91 years">[http://en.apa.az/print.php?id=104326 Azerbaijani Army marks 91 years] {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120225202625/http://en.apa.az/print.php?id=104326 |date=25 February 2012 }}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.today.az/news/politics/53397.html|title=Azerbaijan marks Day of Armed Forces|access-date=27 June 2009|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20090629185253/http://www.today.az/news/politics/53397.html|archive-date=29 June 2009|url-status=live}}</ref>
The [[Red Army]] invaded Azerbaijan on 28 April 1920. Although the bulk of the newly formed Azerbaijani army was engaged in putting down an Armenian revolt that had just broken out in [[Karabakh]], the Azeris did not surrender their brief independence of 1918–20 quickly or easily. As many as 20,000 of the total 30,000 soldiers died resisting what was effectively a Russian reconquest.<ref>
Hugh Pope, "Sons of the conquerors: the rise of the Turkic world", New York: The Overlook Press, 2006, p. 116, {{ISBN|1-58567-804-X}}</ref> The national Army of Azerbaijan was abolished by the Bolshevik government, 15 of the 21 army generals were executed by the Bolsheviks.<ref name="Azerbaijani Army marks 91 years"/>
[[File:Army of Azerbaijan in 1918.jpg|thumb|Officers of the army of the [[Azerbaijan Democratic Republic]] in 1918.]]
=== Russian Civil War ===
After the Sovietisation of Azerbaijan, the newly-formed [[Azerbaijani Red Army]] replaced the previous army, taking part in the [[Russian Civil War]], and the [[Red Army invasion of Georgia|invasion of Georgia]].<ref>{{Cite journal |first=Alexey B. |last=Stepanov |title=Азербайджанская Красная Армия. 1920—1924 |url=http://savash-az.com/rasskazi/AzRedArmy.htm |journal=Старый Цейхгауз |issue=1(25) |year=2008 |language=ru |page=32 |access-date=16 January 2021 |archive-date=9 November 2020 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20201109153736/http://savash-az.com/rasskazi/AzRedArmy.htm |url-status=live }}</ref><ref>{{Cite book |last=Zeynalov |first=R. |title=Военное строительство — военно-патриотическая и оборонно-массовая работа в Азербайджанской ССР в период строительства социализма (1920—июнь 1941 г.) |location=Baku |publisher=Elm |year=1990 |language=ru |page=16–17 }}</ref>
=== World War II ===
[[File:Парад 1960 г. 6 рота.jpg|thumb|Cadets of the [[Baku Higher All-Arms Command School]] during a parade in Baku in 1960.]]
During [[World War II]], Azerbaijan played a crucial role in the strategic energy policy of Soviet Union. Much of the Soviet Union's oil on the [[Eastern Front (World War II)|Eastern Front]] was supplied by Baku. By a decree of the [[Supreme Soviet of the USSR]] in February 1942, the commitment of more than 500 workers and employees of the oil industry of Azerbaijan was recognised with orders and medals.
[[Operation Edelweiss]] carried out by the German [[Wehrmacht]] targeted [[Baku]] because of the importance of its oil fields to the USSR.<ref>[[Swietochowski, Tadeusz]](1995) ''Russia and Azerbaijan: A Borderland in Transition, Columbia University'', p. 133.</ref>
Some 800,000 Azerbaijanis fought within the ranks of the Soviet Army of which 400,000 died. Azeri national formations of the [[Red Army]] included the [[223rd Rifle Division|223rd]], [[227th Rifle Division|227th]], [[396th Rifle Division|396th]], [[402nd Rifle Division|402nd]], and [[416th Rifle Division (Soviet Union)|416th Rifle Division]]s. Azeri Major-General [[Hazi Aslanov]] was awarded a second [[Hero of the Soviet Union]] after a long post-war fight for recognition of his accomplishments.
===Dissolution of the Soviet armed forces===
During the Cold War, Azerbaijan had been the deployment area of units of the Soviet [[4th Army (Soviet Union)|4th Army]] whose principle formations in 1988 included four motor rifle divisions ([[23rd Guards Motor Rifle Division|23rd Guards]], [[60th Motor Rifle Division|60th]], 75th, and [[295th Motor Rifle Division|295th]]).<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.ww2.dk/new/army/armies/4oa.htm|title=4th Combined Arms Army|website=www.ww2.dk|access-date=2016-08-08|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20161211115719/http://www.ww2.dk/new/army/armies/4oa.htm|archive-date=11 December 2016|url-status=live}}</ref> The [[75th Motor Rifle Division]] was isolated in [[Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic|Nakhchivan]]. The 4th Army also included missile and air defense brigades and artillery and rocket regiments. The 75th Division's stores and equipment were apparently transferred to the Nakhchivan authorities.<ref>See reference at [[7th Guards Army]] article.</ref> Azerbaijan also hosted the 49th Arsenal of the Soviet [[Main Agency of Missiles and Artillery of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation|Main Agency of Missiles and Artillery]], which contained over 7,000 train-car loads of ammunition to the excess of one billion units.
The first president of Azerbaijan, [[Ayaz Mutallibov]], did not wish to build an independent army, wanting to rely instead largely on Soviet troops. Even when the Parliament decided that an army should be formed in September 1991, disagreements between the government and the opposition [[Azerbaijani Popular Front Party]] impeded creation of a unified force.<ref>International Crisis Group, Azerbaijan: Defence Sector Management and Reform Crisis Group Europe Briefing N°50, 29 October 2008, p.3</ref> Around this time, the first unit of the new army was formed on the basis of the 18–110 military unit of [[mechanized infantry]] of the [[Soviet Ground Forces]] (probably part of the [[4th Army (Soviet Union)|4th Army]]) located in [[Bibiheybət|Shikhov]], south of Baku.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://dejure.az/index.php/cra-hakimiyyti/70-nazirliklr/99-azrbaycan-respublikas-muedafi-nazirliyi |title=Azərbaycan Respublikası Müdafiə Nazirliyi. 1991-dən sonra |trans-title=Ministry of Defense of Azerbaijan Republic. Events after 1991 |access-date=1 July 2010 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20100705150847/http://dejure.az/index.php/cra-hakimiyyti/70-nazirliklr/99-azrbaycan-respublikas-muedafi-nazirliyi |archive-date=5 July 2010 |url-status=dead}}</ref> At the time of the parliamentary decision, Lieutenant-General [[Valeh Barshadli]] became the first [[Minister of Defense (Azerbaijan)|Minister of Defense of Azerbaijan]], from 5 September to 11 December 1991.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://e-qanun.az/print.php?internal=view&target=1&docid=6648&doctype=0 |title=Azərbaycan Respublikası Müdafiə Nazirliyinin yaradılması haqqında AZƏRBAYCAN RESPUBLİKASI PREZİDENTİNİN FƏRMANI |trans-title=Order of President of Azerbaijan Republic on establishment of Ministry of Defense of Azerbaijan Republic |access-date=5 January 2011 |url-status=dead |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20111009183615/http://e-qanun.az/print.php?internal=view&target=1&docid=6648&doctype=0 |archive-date=9 October 2011 }}</ref> Later from May to 4 September 1992 he served as [[Chief of General Staff of Azerbaijani Armed Forces]].
[[File:Рота почетного караула на параде, 1966 г.jpg|thumb|A Guard of Honor during a parade in Baku in 1966.]]
In summer 1992, the nascent Defense Ministry received a resolution by the Azerbaijani president on the takeover of units and formations in Azerbaijani territory. It then forwarded an ultimatum to Moscow demanding control over vehicles and armaments of the 135th and 139th Motor Rifle Regiments of the [[295th Motor Rifle Division]].<ref>Vladimir Petrov, [http://mdb.cast.ru/mdb/4-2002/dp/hscwa/?form=print How South Caucasus was armed] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20071024014020/http://mdb.cast.ru/mdb/4-2002/dp/hscwa/?form=print |date=24 October 2007 }}, Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies (Moscow, Russia)</ref> In July 1992, Azerbaijan ratified the [[Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe]] (CFE), which establishes comprehensive limits on key categories of conventional military equipment. Azerbaijan approved the CFE flank agreement in May 1997.
The transfer of the property of the 4th Army (except for part of the property of the 366th Motor Rifle Regiment of the [[23rd Guards Motor Rifle Division]] captured by Armenian armed formations in 1992 during the regiment's withdrawal from Stepanakert) and the 49th arsenal was completed in 1992. Thus, by the end of 1992, Azerbaijan received arms and military hardware sufficient for approximately four motor rifle divisions with prescribed army units. It also inherited naval ships. There are also reports that 50 combat aircraft from the disbanded [[Baku Air Defence Army|19th Army]] of the [[Soviet Air Defence Forces]] came under Azeri control.{{Citation needed|date=February 2010}}
The Azeri armed forces took a series of devastating defeats by Armenian forces<ref>{{Cite web |url=https://2001-2009.state.gov/p/eur/rls/or/13508.htm |title=1993 UN Security Council Resolutions on Nagorno-Karabakh |access-date=25 May 2019 |archive-date=24 December 2020 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20201224204733/https://2001-2009.state.gov/p/eur/rls/or/13508.htm |url-status=live }}</ref> during the 1992–1994 [[First Nagorno-Karabakh War|Nagorno-Karabakh War]], which resulted in the loss of control of Nagorno-Karabakh proper and seven surrounding [[rayon]]s, comprising roughly 20%<ref>{{Cite news|url=https://www.balcanicaucaso.org/eng/Areas/Azerbaijan/IDPs-in-Azerbaijan-48091|title=IDPs in Azerbaijan|last=Caucaso|first=Osservatorio Balcani e|work=Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso|access-date=2017-09-26|language=it|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170920142918/https://www.balcanicaucaso.org/eng/Areas/Azerbaijan/IDPs-in-Azerbaijan-48091|archive-date=20 September 2017|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.un.org/press/en/2008/ga10693.doc.htm|title=GENERAL ASSEMBLY ADOPTS RESOLUTION REAFFIRMING TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY OF AZERBAIJAN, DEMANDING WITHDRAWAL OF ALL ARMENIAN FORCES {{!}} Meetings Coverage and Press Releases|website=www.un.org|language=en|access-date=2017-09-26|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150818000902/http://www.un.org/press/en/2008/ga10693.doc.htm|archive-date=18 August 2015|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.angloasianmining.com/azerbaijan/history/|title=Anglo Asian Mining PLC|website=www.angloasianmining.com|access-date=2017-09-26|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170920141823/http://www.angloasianmining.com/azerbaijan/history/|archive-date=20 September 2017|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|url=https://www.foreignpolicyjournal.com/2014/12/02/the-ever-thorny-azerbaijani-armenian-dossier-a-territorial-dispute-with-broad-regional-implications/|title=The Ever-Thorny Azerbaijani-Armenian Dossier: A Territorial Dispute With Broad Regional Implications {{!}} Foreign Policy Journal|date=2014-12-02|work=Foreign Policy Journal|access-date=2017-09-26|language=en-US|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170920190636/https://www.foreignpolicyjournal.com/2014/12/02/the-ever-thorny-azerbaijani-armenian-dossier-a-territorial-dispute-with-broad-regional-implications/|archive-date=20 September 2017|url-status=live}}</ref> of the territory of Azerbaijan. Azerbaijani sources insist that Armenian victory was largely due to military help from Russia and the wealthy [[Armenian diaspora]]. Armenians partially deny the allegation, claiming that Russian side was equally supplying Armenian and Azerbaijani sides with weapons and mercenaries. During the war, the Azeri armed forces were also aided by Turkish military advisers, and Russian, Ukrainian, Chechen and Afghan mercenaries.
===Non-combat deaths===
A number of Azerbaijani human rights groups have been tracking non-combat deaths and have noted an upward trend in early 2010s. Based on Defense Ministry statistics that had not been released to the public, the Group of Monitoring Compliance with Human Rights in the Army (GMCHRA) has recorded the deaths of 76 soldiers to date in non-combat incidents for 2011, and the injury of 91 others. In comparison, there were 62 non-combat deaths and 71 cases of injury in 2010. The string of non-combat deaths raises questions about the reform progress of the military. Factors behind the deaths include bullying, hazing, and the systemic corruption within the Azeri military.<ref>{{cite news | title=Azerbaijan: Non-Combat Deaths Put Military Reforms in Spotlight | url=http://www.eurasianet.org/node/64508 | publisher=EurasiaNet | date=14 November 2011 | access-date=2 February 2012 | archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120128182004/http://www.eurasianet.org/node/64508 | archive-date=28 January 2012 | url-status=live}}</ref>
== Commanders ==
===Ministers of Defense of Azerbaijan===
====Azerbaijan Democratic Republic====
* General [[Khosrov bey Sultanov]] (27 May 1918 – 11 June 1918)
* [[Fatali Khan Khoyski]] (18 November 1918 – 25 December 1918)
* [[Samad bey Mehmandarov]] (25 December 1918 – 1 April 1920)
====Republic of Azerbaijan====
After Lt Gen Barshadli became Chief of General Staff, [[Minister of Defense (Azerbaijan)#Ministers of Defense of Azerbaijan Republic|subsequent defense ministers from 1992]] have included:
* Lieutenant General [[Valeh Barshadly]] (5 September 1991 – 11 December 1991)
* Major General [[Tajaddin Mehdiyev]] (11 December 1991 – 17 February 1992)
* [[Shahin Musayev]] (''Acting'') (17 February 1992 – 24 February 1992)
* Interior Troops Colonel [[Tahir Aliyev]] (24 February 1992 – 16 March 1992)
* [[Rahim Gaziyev]] (17 March 1992 – 20 February 1993)
* Major General [[Dadash Rzayev]] (21 February 1993 – 17 June 1993)
* Colonel General [[Safar Abiyev]] (''Acting'') (17 June 1993 – 20 August 1993)
* Major General [[Vahid Musayev]] (''Acting'') (August 1993 – 25 August 1993)
* Lieutenant General [[Mammadrafi Mammadov]] (2 September 1993 – 6 February 1995)
* Colonel General [[Safar Abiyev]] (6 February 1995 – 28 October 2013)
* Colonel General [[Zakir Hasanov]] (since 22 October 2013)
==Land forces==
[[File:Azeri "Smerch", parade in Baku, 2013.JPG|right|thumb|Azerbaijan has a dozen 300mm salvo rocket systems 9A52 "Smerch" with a range of 70-{{convert|90|km|2|abbr=on}}.]]
The [[Azerbaijani Land Forces]] number 85,000 strong, according to UK [[Advanced Research and Assessment Group]] estimates.<ref name=Blandy12 /> The 2,500 men of the National Guard are also part of the ground forces. In addition, there are 300,000 former service personnel who have had military service in the last 15 years.<ref name="IISS157"/> Other paramilitary agencies consist of Interior Ministry [[Internal Troops of Azerbaijan]], 12,000 strong, and the land component of the [[State Border Service (Azerbaijan)|State Border Service]], 5,000 strong.<ref name=Blandy12 />
Azerbaijan has signed numerous contracts to strengthen its armed forces and to train its military with Turkey's assistance. Over the last 15 years, Azerbaijan has been preparing its military for possible action against Armenian forces in [[Nagorno-Karabakh]].
[[File:Azerbaijan Army 2007 OrBat.png|thumb|[[Azerbaijani Army]] Order of Battle]]
The Land Forces consist of five army corps:<ref name=Blandy12 />
*[[1st Army Corps (Azerbaijan)|1st Army Corps]] also known as [[Barda, Azerbaijan|Barda]] Army Corps (concentrated near [[Ganja, Azerbaijan|Ganja]])
*[[2nd Army Corps (Azerbaijan)|2nd Army Corps]] also known as Beylagan Army Corps (concentrated against [[Armenian-occupied territories surrounding Nagorno-Karabakh|Armenian occupied territories]] and part is deployed on the Azerbaijan-Iranian border)
*[[3rd Army Corps (Azerbaijan)|3rd Army Corps]] also known as Shamkir Army Corps (concentrated against Armenian occupied territories)
*[[4th Army Corps (Azerbaijan)|4th Army Corps]] also known as Baku Army Corps (covers [[Absheron Peninsula]] and the coast)
*[[Nakhchivan Separate Combined Arms Army]] (deployed in [[Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic|Nakhchivan]])
The Land Forces include 23 motor rifle brigades, an artillery brigade, a multiple rocket launcher brigade, and an anti-tank regiment.<ref name=Blandy12 /> The IISS Military Balance reported in 2007 that the Land Forces had an estimated 40 SA-13 Gopher, SA-4 Ganef, and SA-8 Gecko air defence missile systems, with '80–240 eff.' to support the army in the battlefield. (IISS 2007, p.&nbsp;157)
The [[peacekeeping forces of Azerbaijan]] are mostly supplied from the Land Forces, though the [[Internal Troops of Azerbaijan]] do also supply some. As of March 2011, 94 peacekeepers were deployed with the [[International Security Assistance Force]] (ISAF) in Afghanistan.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.isaf.nato.int/images/stories/File/Placemats/PLACEMAT.MARCH%2004..pdf |title=Archived copy |access-date=2011-04-13 |url-status=dead |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110406003726/http://www.isaf.nato.int/images/stories/File/Placemats/PLACEMAT.MARCH%2004..pdf |archive-date=6 April 2011}}</ref> In the past, it also actively supported the peacekeeping operation in Kosovo and Iraq.
The Azeri [[Peacekeeping forces of Azerbaijan|peacekeeping unit]] deployed in Iraq consisted of 14 officers, 16 sergeants and 120 privates, a total of 150 troops. The unit secured the [[hydroelectric power station]] and reservoir in [[Haditha, Iraq|Al Haditha]] from August 2003. In December 2008, Azerbaijan withdrew the unit from Iraq.
Reportedly in December 2014 Azerbaijan created the Separate Combined Arms Army in Nakhchivan. Karam Mustafayev became commander of the corps. The army was created based on the Nakhchivan 5th Army Corps to strengthen defense capability of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, increase of combat capability of military units and formations of the Armed Forces, improve central control, reports quoting the Defence Ministry said.
==Air forces==
The [[Azerbaijani Air and Air Defence Force]] is a single unified service branch.<ref name=JSSA-MT>Jane's Sentinel Security Assessments – Russia and the CIS: Air Force, dated 18 June 2009, and {{cite journal |year=2008 |title=World Defence Almanac |journal=Military Technology |volume= XXXII |issue= 1 |pages=244–245|publisher=Monch Publishing Group |location=Bonn, Germany |issn=0722-3226}}</ref> Some 8,000 men serve in the air force and air defence force.<ref name=Blandy12 />
The Azerbaijani Air and Air Defence Force has around 106 aircraft and 35 helicopters.<ref name=IISS158 /> The country has four major airbases. [[Nasosnaya (air base)]] has fighters, [[Kyurdamir Air Base]] a bomber regiment, [[Ganja Air Base]] transports, and [[Baku Kala Air Base]] the helicopter unit. There are also four other airbases which do not appear to have aircraft based there. These are [[Dollyar Air Base]], [[Nakhchivan Airport]], [[Sanqacal]] Air Base, and [[Sitalcay]] Air Base.
The Azeri Air Force uses [[MiG-21]], [[MiG-23]], [[Su-24]] and [[Su-25]] aircraft, as well as the [[MiG-29]] purchased from Ukraine in 2006 and [[Il-76]] transport aircraft. The MiG-29 have been designated as the standard aircraft for the AzAF.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.today.az/news/politics/38475.html|title=Azerbaijan shows MIG-29 fighter jets|access-date=3 April 2007|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070929094243/http://www.today.az/news/politics/38475.html|archive-date=29 September 2007|url-status=live}}</ref> Azerbaijan is holding talks with either the People's Republic of China or Pakistan to purchase [[JF-17]] Thunder aircraft.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://news.am/eng/news/8954.html|title=China supplies FC-1 multipurpose fighters to Azerbaijan|website=news.am|access-date=28 February 2015|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150402124131/http://news.am/eng/news/8954.html|archive-date=2 April 2015|url-status=dead}}</ref> [[MiG-25]]s previously in service have been retired seemingly in the 2007–09 period.
Azerbaijan's helicopter force is concentrated at [[Baku Kala Air Base]] and according to the IISS consists of a single regiment with around 14–15 Mi-24, 12–13 Mi-8 and 7 Mi-2. [[Jane's Information Group]] and the IISS give figures which agree with only a single aircraft's difference.<ref>[http://www8.brinkster.com/vad777/sng/azerb/azerb.htm] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110928131441/http://www8.brinkster.com/vad777/sng/azerb/azerb.htm|date=28 September 2011}}</ref> Recently, end of 2010 Russian Rosvertol announced that Azerbaijan armed forces signed a deal for 24 pieces of Mi-35M (Hind-E) gunships what would further enhance the Azeri ground attack formations.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.defenseindustrydaily.com/Azerbaijan-Orders-24-Mi-35M-Helicopter-Gunships-06789/|title=Azerbaijan Orders 24 Mi-35M Helicopter Gunships|access-date=25 March 2011|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110305072531/http://www.defenseindustrydaily.com/Azerbaijan-Orders-24-Mi-35M-Helicopter-Gunships-06789/|archive-date=5 March 2011|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.helihub.com/2011/02/25/azerbaijan-buys-24-mi-35m-attack-helicopters/|title=HeliHub.com Azerbaijan buys 24 Mi-35M attack helicopters|website=www.helihub.com|access-date=25 March 2011|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110722041858/http://www.helihub.com/2011/02/25/azerbaijan-buys-24-mi-35m-attack-helicopters/|archive-date=22 July 2011|url-status=dead}}</ref>
The Air Force has [[Aero L-29 Delfín|L-29]] and [[Aero L-39 Albatros|L-39]] advanced training aircraft in store. The [[Azerbaijan Border Guard]] and Voluntary Society of Defense, Patriotism and Sport have [[Yakovlev]] light training aircraft.
===Air defense===
[[File:Military parade in Baku on an Army Day32.jpg|thumb|S-300 PMU2 during a military parade in Baku 2011.]]
Azerbaijan has missile and radar systems intended to defend Azeri airspace. There are at least 2 divisions of [[S-300 (missile)|S-300]]PMU2.<ref name="azers300">{{cite web|url=http://www.historyoftruth.com/news/latest/7654-russian-defense-ministry-confirms-readiness-to-sell-s-300-to-azerbaijan|title=HistoryofTruth.com - Armenian Allegations|access-date=2 March 2012|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120611052059/http://www.historyoftruth.com/news/latest/7654-russian-defense-ministry-confirms-readiness-to-sell-s-300-to-azerbaijan|archive-date=11 June 2012|url-status=dead}}</ref> Thereby the country has one of the most capable SAM [[surface-to-air missile]] system in the region.<ref name="IMINT & Analysis">{{Cite web|url=https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B8JEdtKWzL0WNjcyOTMzMGQtNjgxNi00NTgwLThkNTEtODcxY2NkOGJhNWM1/view?usp=embed_facebook|title=V1N7 August 2011.pdf|website=Google Docs}}</ref><ref name="eurasianet s300">{{cite web|url=http://www.eurasianet.org/node/64085|title=Russia's Credibility And Its Military Sales To Azerbaijan|access-date=23 August 2011|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110919064745/http://www.eurasianet.org/node/64085|archive-date=19 September 2011|url-status=live}}</ref> Azerbaijan also operates two S-200 (SA-5 GAMMON) batteries near Baku and Mingachevir; the S-300PMU-2 represents a logical replacement for these systems offering coverage of the majority of the nation.<ref name="eurasianet s300" /> The country also has about 100 NATO designated [[SA-2]] Guideline (original name S-75), [[SA-3 Goa]] (S-125 Pechora-2M), and the [[S-200 Angara/Vega/Dubna|SA-5 Gammon]] (S-200) are in static installations.<ref>[[IISS]] Military Balance 2007, p.&nbsp;158</ref> These may be around Baku and the central part to cover the whole Azeri aerospace.
However, August 2011 investigations shows that after purchase of [[S-300 (missile)|S-300]] [[surface-to-air missile]]s, the largest apparent gap in Azerbaijan's air defense system may have been filled.<ref>{{cite web|last=Kuchera|first=Joshua|title=Analysis: Azerbaijan, Karabakh Well-Protected Against Air Attack; Armenia Less So|url=http://www.eurasianet.org/node/63989|publisher=Eurasia.net|access-date=4 August 2011|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110807124709/http://www.eurasianet.org/node/63989|archive-date=7 August 2011|url-status=live}}</ref>
Also in Azerbaijan there was a former Soviet early warning radar. The [[Gabala Radar Station]] was a bistatic phased-array installation, operated by the [[Russian Space Forces]]. The contract was signed in 2002 and was due to expire in 2012 where it was to be given back to the Azerbaijani government. The contract costed Russia $7&nbsp;million per year. The radar station had a range of up to {{convert|6000|km|mi|abbr=off}}, and was designed to detect [[intercontinental ballistic missile]] launches as far as from the Indian Ocean. In December 2012 Russia announced that negotiations had been unsuccessful and that they had stopped using the radar station.<ref name="RIA-Nov7">
{{Cite web
| url = http://en.rian.ru/military_news/20121211/178083070.html
| title = Russia Confirms Pullout from Gabala Radar in Azerbaijan
| access-date = 2013-04-14
| date = 2012-12-11
| publisher = RIA Novosti
| archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20130831010225/http://en.rian.ru/military_news/20121211/178083070.html
| archive-date = 31 August 2013
| url-status = live}}
</ref><ref name="rbth">{{cite news
| url = http://rbth.ru/news/2013/01/23/russias_decision_to_close_down_gabala_radar_station_is_final_-_lavrov_pa_22129.html
| title = Russia's decision to close down Gabala radar station is final - Lavrov
| access-date = 2013-04-14
| date = 2013-01-23
| newspaper = Russia Beyond the Headlines
| archive-date = 4 February 2021
| archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20210204055838/https://www.rbth.com/news/2013/01/23/russias_decision_to_close_down_gabala_radar_station_is_final_-_lavrov_pa_22129.html
| url-status = live
}}</ref> The site was given back to [[Azerbaijan]]<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.ng.ru/news/445507.html|title=Габалинская РЛС теперь находится под контролем азербайджанских военных|website=www.ng.ru|access-date=28 December 2015|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20151231191654/http://www.ng.ru/news/445507.html|archive-date=31 December 2015|url-status=live}}</ref> and all the equipment dismantled and transported to [[Russia]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.ng.ru/columnist/2013-10-09/4_gabala.html|title=Габалу завлекают в турбизнес|access-date=28 December 2015|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20131010054839/http://www.ng.ru/columnist/2013-10-09/4_gabala.html|archive-date=10 October 2013|url-status=live}}</ref> Nowadays, Russia covers the area from the [[Armavir Radar Station]].
The main naval base of the Soviet Union in the Caspian Sea was based in Baku. When the Soviet Union collapsed, Azerbaijan inherited the naval base and parts of the Caspian Fleet.<ref name="nvo.ng">{{cite web |url=http://nvo.ng.ru/forces/2007-08-31/3_nato.html |title=В фарватере НАТО |author=Константин Чуприн |date=31 August 2007 |publisher=NVO NG |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120112135754/http://nvo.ng.ru/forces/2007-08-31/3_nato.html |archive-date=12 January 2012 |url-status=live}}</ref> The [[Azerbaijan Navy]] has about 2,200 personnel.<ref>[[Jane's Fighting Ships]], 2010, accessed February 2010. IISS 2007 attributes 2,000 personnel</ref> The navy has a [[Petya-class frigate|Petya class]] light frigate, ''Qusar'' (G 121), and a number of [[patrol craft]], including one Turk class, ''Araz,'' P 223, one Brya (Project 722) class, P 218, one Shelon (Project 1388M) class, P 212, one Poluchat class (Project 368), P 219, one Luga class (Project 888), T 710, and four Petrushka (Polish UK-3 class), P 213, P 214, P 215, and P 216. There are four [[minesweeper (ship)|minesweeper]]s consisting of 2 [[Sonya class minesweeper]] and 2 [[Yevgenya class minesweeper]]s. (Jane's Fighting Ships 2010)
The Navy is also attributed with 5 [[landing craft]], 3 Polnochny and 2 Vydra,(IISS 2007) plus three research ships, 1 Project 10470, A 671, ex Svyaga, 1 Balerian Uryvayev class survey vessel (AG) and one Vadim Popov class survey vessel (AG).
The U.S. Navy has helped train the Azeri Navy. There is also an agreement to provide US support to refurbish Azeri warships in the [[Caspian Sea]]. In 2006, the US Government donated 3 motorboats to the Azerbaijani navy. In 2007 an agreement between Azeri Navy and a US military company was concluded, which stated that a part of the Azeri Navy would be equipped with advanced laser marksmanship systems. The US company specialists were also to give training on the use of the new equipment.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.today.az/news/politics/40483.html|title=Azerbaijan Navy to be equipped with laser devices|access-date=4 May 2007|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070929111534/http://www.today.az/news/politics/40483.html|archive-date=29 September 2007|url-status=live}}</ref> A number of separate U.S. programmes are underway under the [[Caspian Guard Initiative]], focused mostly on enhancing Azerbaijani and Kazakh maritime border security.
In May 2011, President of the [[State Oil Company of Azerbaijan Republic]] [[Rovnag Abdullayev]] stated that Azerbaijan to start production of national warships after 2013.<ref>{{cite web|title=Azerbaijan to produce warships |url=http://en.apa.az/news.php?id=146812 |access-date=9 May 2011 |url-status=dead |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20111120063342/http://en.apa.az/news.php?id=146812 |archive-date=20 November 2011 }}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=Azerbaijan to produce ships|url=http://www.news.az/articles/economy/33686|access-date=9 May 2011|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110410163713/http://news.az/articles/economy/33686|archive-date=10 April 2011|url-status=live}}</ref>
===Special forces===
[[File:Members of the Azerbaijani Special Forces during a military parade in Baku 2011.png|thumb|Members of the Azerbaijani Special Forces during a military parade in Baku 2011]]
The Naval Intelligence of Azerbaijan maintains the 641st Special Warfare Naval Unit. The special forces were trained by the [[U.S. Navy SEALs]]<ref>{{cite press release |url=http://archive.defense.gov/news/newsarticle.aspx?id=26294 |title=Navy Special Ops Demos Training in Azerbaijan |author=Donna Miles |date=10 June 2004 |work=American Forces Press Service |publisher=U.S. Department of Defense |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170930014831/http://archive.defense.gov/news/newsarticle.aspx?id=26294 |archive-date=30 September 2017 |url-status=live}}</ref> Unit 641 has several [[midget submarine]]s such as Triton-1M and Triton 2 at their disposal as well as underwater tool motion for individual divers. The special unit is composed of 3 reconnaissance groups, 2 groups for mountainous warfare and one diving group. Obligatory training includes parachute jumping day and night, on land and on water.<ref name="nvo.ng" /><ref>{{cite web|url=http://specnazopedia.narod.ru/spnazerbai.html |title=Спецподразделения Азербайджана |date=14 March 2010 |publisher=Specnazopedia.Narod |url-status=dead |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120425063530/http://specnazopedia.narod.ru/spnazerbai.html |archive-date=25 April 2012 }}</ref>
==Defense industry==
[[File:Parad 878.jpg|thumb|The ''[[Marauder (vehicle)|Marauder]]'' is a South African [[MRAP]] manufactured under license in Azerbaijan.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.paramountgroup.biz/index.php/about-us/press-room/53-paramount-group-vehicles-now-manufactured-in-azerbaijan|title=Paramount Group|website=www.paramountgroup.biz|access-date=16 March 2010|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20100327180712/http://www.paramountgroup.biz/index.php/about-us/press-room/53-paramount-group-vehicles-now-manufactured-in-azerbaijan|archive-date=27 March 2010|url-status=live}}</ref>]]
The [[Ministry of Defence Industry of Azerbaijan]] directs domestic military supplies for Azerbaijan. It was established in 2005. The Defence Industries Ministry subsumed the State Department for Military Industry and for Armaments and the Military Science Center, each of which was formerly a separate agency within the Azerbaijani Defense Ministry.
The defense industry has emerged as an autonomous entity with a growing defense production capability. The ministry is cooperating with the defense sectors of Ukraine, Belarus and Pakistan.<ref name="autogenerated1">{{cite web|url=https://www.rferl.org/a/1074435.html|title=Azerbaijan: Baku Signals New Determination For Defense Reform|website=RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty|access-date=10 April 2018|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180410202302/https://www.rferl.org/a/1074435.html|archive-date=10 April 2018|url-status=live}}</ref> Along with other contracts, Azerbaijani defence industries and Turkish companies, Azerbaijan will produce 40mm revolver grenade launchers, 107mm and 122mm MLRS systems, Cobra 4×4 vehicles and joint modernization of BTR vehicles in Baku.<ref name="brothership1">{{cite web|url=http://www.news.az/articles/politics/26065|title=News.Az - Azerbaijan, Turkey to produce revolver grenade launchers|website=www.news.az|access-date=29 December 2010|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20101107195656/http://news.az/articles/politics/26065|archive-date=7 November 2010|url-status=live}}</ref><ref name="brothership2">[http://en.apa.az/news.php?id=136785 Azerbaijan’s Ministry of Defense Industry plans to assume several projects on technical modernization of Armed Forces] {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120402090426/http://en.apa.az/news.php?id=136785 |date=2 April 2012 }}</ref><ref name="brothership3">{{cite web|url=http://www.news.az/articles/politics/25988|title=News.Az - Azerbaijan, Turkey sign contract on joint rocket production|website=www.news.az|access-date=29 December 2010|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20101108063414/http://www.news.az/articles/politics/25988|archive-date=8 November 2010|url-status=live}}</ref><ref name="brothership4">[http://en.apa.az/news.php?id=136603 Azerbaijani Defense Industry Ministry conducts negotiations with Turkish "Otokar" Company on production of armored vehicles] {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120325182937/http://en.apa.az/news.php?id=136603 |date=25 March 2012 }}</ref>
The major military companies of Azerbaijan are:
* RPE Iglim, aviation and shipbuilding
* Radiogurashdirma, communication means and radio-electronic
* RPE Neftgazavtomat, devices and automation systems for monitoring technological processes
* RPE Automatic Lines, non-standard equipment and products for application in electrotechnical and machine engineering
* Avia-Agregat, multi-purpose aviation equipment, various airdrome conditioners, universal container of board conductor, air-to-air radiators, fuel-oil, air-to-air heat exchangers and ventilators<ref>[http://en.apa.az/news.php?id=97410 Aircraft Repair Plant of Azerbaijan to be reconstructed] {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120215042025/http://en.apa.az/news.php?id=97410 |date=15 February 2012 }}</ref>
In early 2008, reports indicated that an agreement with Turkey had been signed which would lead to Azerbaijan producing armoured personnel carriers, infantry fighting vehicles, and small calibre artillery pieces.<ref name="unaz"/>
==International cooperation==
Azerbaijan cooperates with about 60 countries in the military-technical sphere and has an agreement on military-technical cooperation with more than 30 countries.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://today.az/news/politics/54894.html|title=Czech defense minister to visit Azerbaijan|access-date=22 August 2009|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110706131316/http://today.az/news/politics/54894.html|archive-date=6 July 2011|url-status=live}}</ref>
[[File:1paradaze.jpg|thumb|right|Azerbaijani Special Forces unit in Turkish manufactured [[Otokar Cobra]].]]
In December 2009, an agreement on military assistance was signed by Turkey and Azerbaijan. The agreement envisions [[Ankara]]'s supplying Azerbaijan with weapons, military equipment and, if necessary, soldiers in case war with Armenia over Karabakh resumes.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.azernews.az/site/shownews.php?news_id=17085|title=AzerNEWS|date=6 July 2011|url-status=bot: unknown|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110706131014/http://www.azernews.az/site/shownews.php?news_id=17085|archive-date=6 July 2011}}</ref>
Turkey has provided Azerbaijan with infantry weapons, tactical vehicles (jeeps, trucks, etc.) professional training, military organization, technology transfer, licensed military hardware production and other services. Due to help from Turkish specialists and instructors, thousands of Azerbaijani officers have been trained to western standards.<ref>[[NATO]], [http://www.nato.int/KFOR/chronicle/2002/chronicle_10/01.htm Azerbaijani troops part of the KFOR family] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070621142228/http://www.nato.int/kfor/chronicle/2002/chronicle_10/01.htm |date=21 June 2007 }}</ref>
The military position as international importance of Azerbaijan increased with agreement between Azerbaijan and Turkey on the participation an Azerbaijani peacekeeping platoon in the staff of Turkish battalion in Kosovo.<ref>Azerbaijan Ministry of Foreign Affairs, [http://www.mfa.gov.az/eng/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=348&Itemid=68 List of the military documents signed between the Republic of Turkey and Republic of Azerbaijan ] {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120310123016/http://www.mfa.gov.az/eng/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=348&Itemid=68 |date=10 March 2012 }}</ref>
Since 1992, Azerbaijan and Turkey have signed more than 100 military protocols, some of the major protocols include:<ref>[http://www.interesclub.org/index.php/main-subjects/turkish-foreign-policy/310-military-relations-between-azerbaijan-and-turkey.html List of the military documents signed between the Republic of Turkey and Republic of Azerbaijan]{{dead link|date=July 2017 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }}</ref>
* Cooperation of staff members
* National security cooperation in the topographical area
* Forming and training of profession school of forces kind of Baku
* Carrying out of the material and technical purchasing
* Military industry cooperation
* Development of the 5th Army Corps also known as Nakhchivan Army Corps in [[Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic|Nakhchivan]]<ref>[http://www.interesclub.org/index.php/main-subjects/turkish-foreign-policy/310-military-relations-between-azerbaijan-and-turkey.html In 2001 between the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the General Staff of the Republic of Turkey on development of Nakhchivan 5th army protocol]{{dead link|date=July 2017 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }}</ref>
* Cooperation in the area of military history, military archives and museum work and military publication
* Assistance on training, material and technical between the [[Azerbaijan Border Guard]] and the [[Turkish Armed Forces]].
* Long-term economical and military cooperation and application of the financial aid
* Application of material and technical provision
In May 2011, Azerbaijan had discussed the purchase of long-range rockets from two Chinese companies, the minister of the defence industry has said. Other arms deals were signed with Turkey. Turkish Defence Minister Vecdi Gonul and Yaver Jamalov signed a protocol of intent on future joint production of two types of output – 107-mm rockets and the national rifle, possibly the Mehmetçik-1. A protocol of intent was signed the same day with the Mechanical and Chemical Industry Corporation [[MKEK]] on the joint production of 120-mm mortar launchers. This project will come into force in a few months time. Agreement has also been reached with Turkish company Aselsan on the production of some types of defence output in Azerbaijan, specifically the latest types of weapons' sights. These projects will probably happen in the near future too.<ref>{{cite web|title=Azerbaijan to buy long-range rockets|url=http://www.news.az/articles/politics/36243|access-date=9 May 2011|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110515072316/http://news.az/articles/politics/36243|archive-date=15 May 2011|url-status=live}}</ref> Recently, Turkish defense industries secretariat told that an export version of the T-155 Firtina self-propelled howitser is almost done and could start production. T-155 has been powered by a German MTU power pack, which restricts the sale to some countries like Azerbaijan. The Turkish manufacturer MKEK, has announced that they have found an alternate supplier for the power pack where Azerbaijan showed interest to buy the high tech, more capable 155mm 52 caliber from Turkish authorities.
===United States===
[[File:Nasosnaya Air Base.jpg|thumb|[[Nasosnaya Air Base]] in Azerbaijan, Gen. Tom Hobbins, U.S. Air Forces in Europe commander, and Chief Master Sgt. Gary Coleman, USAFE command chief, Lt. Col. Elmar Hüseynov]]
[[Section 907]] of the United States [[Freedom Support Act]] bans any kind of direct United States [[aid]] to the Azerbaijani government. Since a waiver was made in 2001 there has been extensive U.S. military cooperation with Azerbaijan. This has included Special Forces and naval aid, consultations with [[United States European Command]], and linkages through the U.S. National Guard [[State Partnership Program]].
On 19 May 2006, Azerbaijani Defense Minister [[Safar Abiyev]] and the then commander of [[United States Air Forces in Europe]] General [[Tom Hobbins]] met in [[Baku]] to discuss military cooperation. He said the objective of his visit was to become familiar with the state of Azerbaijani armed forces.<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://azernews.net/eng/gizli/view.php?d=14940|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20060601083626/http://www.azernews.net/eng/gizli/view.php?d=14940|url-status=dead|title=NATO & Azerbaijan relations|archivedate=1 June 2006}}</ref> Hobbins pointed to the progress made in the NATO-Azerbaijan relations, saying that the successful implementation of the NATO [[Partnership for Peace]] program in Azerbaijan has brought the country even closer to the alliance. He said that the two countries' air forces will expand cooperation.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://today.az/news/politics/26307.html|title=Azerbaijan, USA discuss military cooperation|access-date=19 May 2006|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070929104947/http://today.az/news/politics/26307.html|archive-date=29 September 2007|url-status=live}}</ref>
The U.S. state of [[Oklahoma]] is linked with Azerbaijan through the [[U.S. National Guard]] [[State Partnership Program]] (SPP). [[Oklahoma National Guard]] troops have been sent on training and humanitarian missions to Baku.
Russia is one of Azerbaijan's main arms supplier. "As of today, military and technical cooperation with Russia is measured at $4 billion and it tends to grow further," President [[Ilham Aliyev]] said after meeting with Russian President [[Vladimir Putin]] in Baku in 2013.<ref>[https://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-08-13/azeri-russian-arms-trade-4-billion-amid-tension-with-armenia.html Azeri-Russian Arms Trade $4 Billion Amid Tension With Armenia] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150119232310/http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-08-13/azeri-russian-arms-trade-4-billion-amid-tension-with-armenia.html |date=19 January 2015 }} By Zulfugar Agayev 13 August 2013</ref>
Azerbaijan and Israel cooperate on numerous areas of the defense industry. Israel is Azerbaijan's largest weapon supplier with $4.85 billion dollars in sales during 2016 alone.<ref>{{cite web |last1=GUILLAUME |first1=LAVALLÉE |title=Experts believe Israel unlikely to drop lucrative arms sales to Azerbaijan |url=https://www.timesofisrael.com/experts-believe-israel-unlikely-to-drop-lucrative-arms-sales-to-azerbaijan/ |website=Times of Israel |publisher=Times of Israel |access-date=21 December 2020 |archive-date=4 February 2021 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20210204055855/https://www.timesofisrael.com/experts-believe-israel-unlikely-to-drop-lucrative-arms-sales-to-azerbaijan/ |url-status=live }}</ref> Azerbaijan has shown great interest in Israeli technology over the years. In particular, an agreement was reached over the construction of the factory of intelligence and combat drones in Azerbaijan.<ref name="panarmenian.net">{{cite web|url=http://www.panarmenian.net/eng/world/news/33537|title=Israel rearms Azerbaijani army|access-date=7 June 2010|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20100728070342/http://www.panarmenian.net/eng/world/news/33537|archive-date=28 July 2010|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>[http://www.armenianreporter.am/go/article/2009-07-03-israel-azerbaijan-to-step-up-military-cooperation Washington briefing: Israel, Azerbaijan to step up military cooperation] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110624025123/http://www.armenianreporter.am/go/article/2009-07-03-israel-azerbaijan-to-step-up-military-cooperation |date=24 June 2011 }}</ref>
The Israeli defense company [[Elta]] Systems Ltd has had cooperation from Azerbaijan in building the [[TecSAR]] reconnaissance satellite system, which can take high-definition photos of ground surfaces in all weather conditions.<ref name="EurAsiaNet">{{cite web|url=http://www.eurasianet.org/departments/insightb/articles/eav081709a.shtml|title=Eurasianet|website=www.eurasianet.org|access-date=30 November 2009|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120505082450/http://www.eurasianet.org/departments/insightb/articles/eav081709a.shtml|archive-date=5 May 2012|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>Ninan Koshy, "[http://www.fpif.org/fpiftxt/4959 India and Israel Eye Iran] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20091012235242/http://www.fpif.org/fpiftxt/4959 |date=12 October 2009 }}", ''Foreign Policy in Focus'', 13 February 2008.</ref> According to Azerbaijani military experts, the TecSAR system will be indispensable for military operations in the mountainous terrains of Azerbaijan.<ref name="panarmenian.net" />
As of June 2009, Israel and Azerbaijan had been negotiating on the production of [[Namer (vehicle)|Namer]] armoured [[infantry fighting vehicle]]s in Azerbaijan.<ref>Panarmenian.net [http://www.panarmenian.net/eng/world/news/33537 panarmenian – Israel rearms Azerbaijani army] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20100728070342/http://www.panarmenian.net/eng/world/news/33537 |date=28 July 2010 }}, 30 June 2009</ref> There is no further information as to whether any agreement has been made.
[[File:Azerbaijani soldiers in Iraq 11.jpg|thumb|Azerbaijan deployed 150 peacekeepers during the [[Iraq War]]]]
The [[North Atlantic Treaty Organization]] (NATO) and Azerbaijan actively cooperate on defence institutional reforms and have developed practical cooperation in many other areas. Azerbaijan's [[Individual Partnership Action Plan]] (IPAP) and its [[Partnership for Peace]] (PfP) linkages lay out the programme of cooperation between Azerbaijan and NATO.
The Azerbaijani government has however delayed implementing IPAP-recommended reforms, however, in part at least because no decision had been taken to seek NATO membership. This is because Azerbaijan's foreign policy 'seeks to balance interests with the U.S., EU, Russia and Iran.'<ref>[[International Crisis Group]], Azerbaijan: Defence Sector Reform and Management, Europe Briefing No.50, Baku/Tblisi/Brussels, 29 October 2008, p.1</ref>
According to a NATO diplomatic source some key officials at NATO headquarters in [[Brussel]]s were pushing hard for engaging Azerbaijan on the membership question. "Turkey, Romania, Italy, Poland, the United Kingdom and the [[Baltic states]]," are among the member-states also backing a fast track for Azerbaijan's NATO membership.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.eurasianet.org/departments/insightb/articles/eav060409.shtml|title=Eurasianet|website=www.eurasianet.org|access-date=9 August 2009|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20090606053322/http://www.eurasianet.org/departments/insightb/articles/eav060409.shtml|archive-date=6 June 2009|url-status=live}}</ref>
However, Azerbaijan made its policy of [[non-belligerent|not being aligned]] with a geopolitical/military structure official when it became a full member of the [[Non-Aligned Movement]] in 2011.
There is also a limited amount of military cooperation with the other countries of [[GUAM]]: Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, and Moldova.<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.perspektivy.info/rus/konturi/vojennoje_sotrudnichestvo_mezhdu_postsovetskimi_gosudarstvami_2008-09-25.htm|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110721230818/http://www.perspektivy.info/rus/konturi/vojennoje_sotrudnichestvo_mezhdu_postsovetskimi_gosudarstvami_2008-09-25.htm|url-status=dead|title=Военное сотрудничество между постсоветскими государствами - Перспективы|archivedate=21 July 2011|website=www.perspektivy.info}}</ref>
== Educational system ==
[[File:Ilham Aliyev attended the parade 11.jpg|thumb|The Cadets of the [[Corps of Drums]] of the [[Jamshid Nakhchivanski Military Lyceum]].]]
[[File:Military Parade.jpg|thumb|Azerbaijani higher military cadets.]]
The military education system in Azerbaijan contributes to the strength of the armed forces by ensuring the loyalty of cadets to security and defense of the Republic of Azerbaijan. The purpose of these military institutions is to train soldiers, officers, and non-commissioned officers to have independent and creative thinking and commitment to the Azerbaijani people and the government. military education in the Azerbaijani Armed Forces have been described as either being Secondary education, Further education, or Higher education.<ref>{{Cite web |url=https://mod.gov.az/en/the-military-education-system-of-azerbaijan-armed-forces-326/ |title=Archived copy |access-date=11 June 2018 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180612143255/https://mod.gov.az/en/the-military-education-system-of-azerbaijan-armed-forces-326/ |archive-date=12 June 2018 |url-status=live}}</ref>
Azerbaijani pilots were formerly trained in the Azerbaijan Air Force School, where they would then develop their skills in operational units. Azerbaijan has an experience exchange with Turkey, Ukraine, the United States and a number of NATO countries. The [[Turkish Air Force Academy|Turkish Air Force School]] has a great role in the training of Azeri military pilots. Azerbaijani pilots are also trained in Ukraine's Pilot Training School.<ref>[http://en.apa.az/news.php?id=97127 Azerbaijan’s military aviation opportunities] {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120319233114/http://en.apa.az/news.php?id=97127 |date=19 March 2012 }}</ref>
===List of educational institutions ===
* Military academies
** [[War College of the Azerbaijani Armed Forces|War College of the Armed Forces]]
** Training and Education Center of the Armed Forces
** [[Azerbaijan Higher Military Academy]]
*** [[Azerbaijan Higher Naval Academy]] (former independent institution)
*** [[Azerbaijan High Military Aviation School]] (former independent institution)
* Other educational institutions
** Secondary Military Medical School of Azerbaijan
** Military Medical Faculty of [[Azerbaijan Medical University]]
* Military lyceums
** [[Jamshid Nakhchivanski Military Lyceum]]
** [[Heydar Aliyev Military Lyceum]]
== Military institutions ==
=== Azerbaijan Military History Museum ===
Azerbaijan Military History Museum is a structure under the Ministry of Defense. It was established on 10 December 1992 by the order of the Minister of Defense and in accordance with a decree signed on 29 October 1992 "On the transfer of the Museum of Combat Glory of the VI Army Garrison of the Commonwealth of Independent States". Today, the museum displays 5 tanks, 9 armored personnel carriers, 16 artillery pieces, 6 aircraft, 4 helicopters, 6 different military equipment of the Air Force. Currently, the number of exhibits totals 11,000.<ref>{{Cite web|title=An excursion was organized to the Military History Museum of Azerbaijan on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of establishment of Armed Forces of the Republic of Azerbaijan in Binagadi district - News - BINAGADI REGION Executive Power|url=http://www.binegedi-ih.gov.az/en/news/24.html|access-date=2020-12-19|website=www.binegedi-ih.gov.az|archive-date=4 February 2021|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20210204055846/http://www.binegedi-ih.gov.az/en/news/24.html|url-status=live}}</ref>
=== Voluntary Military Patriotism Technical Sport Society ===
{{Main|Azerbaijan Voluntary Military Patriotism Technical Sport Society}}
[[File:Ilham Aliyev inaugurated a new office building of the Organization of Veterans of War, Labor and Armed Forces.jpg|thumb|President [[Ilham Aliyev]] at the new building of the Organization of Veterans of War, Labor and Armed Forces.]]
=== Republican Veterans Organization ===
After the [[Second World War]], veterans movements were launched in Azerbaijan, with the Baku Veterans Committee being established on 10 June 1960. The activity of the committee was limited to Baku until the early 1970s. During the leadership of First Secretary Heydar Aliyev, there was a revival in the veteran movement, during which the committee gradually expanded to the republic. The establishment of the Republican Veterans Organization took place on 21 March 1987. Despite the official registration of the RVO with the Ministry of Justice, the activity of the organization was largely formal due to the tensions in the country with the Karabakh War, as well as the attidude of the government towards Red Army veterans in general. One of the first laws signed by the President Aliyev was the Law "On Veterans" (28 June 1994), which restored the mandate for the RVO.<ref>{{Cite web|title=http://veteran.gov.az/ - History of organization|url=http://veteran.gov.az/en/pages/T%C9%99%C5%9Fkilatin%20tarixi/|access-date=2020-12-13|website=veteran.gov.az|archive-date=12 July 2020|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200712083925/http://veteran.gov.az/en/pages/T%C9%99%C5%9Fkilatin%20tarixi/|url-status=live}}</ref>
=== State Service for Mobilization and Conscription of Azerbaijan ===
{{Main|State Service for Mobilization and Conscription of Azerbaijan}}
== Traditions ==
=== Military oath ===
The Military oath ({{Lang-az|Hərbi and}}) is taken by [[conscripts]] as a legal basis of the beginning of their military service.<ref>{{Cite web|title=AZƏRBAYCAN RESPUBLİKASI MÜDAFİƏ NAZİRLİYİ|url=https://mod.gov.az/az/herbi-and-012/|access-date=2020-12-19|website=AZƏRBAYCAN RESPUBLİKASI MÜDAFİƏ NAZİRLİYİ|language=az}}</ref> The oath is administered by the commanding officer of the unit. The following is the text for the current version of the oath:<ref>{{Cite web |url=http://www.lex.uz/docs/-86952?otherlang=1 |title=Archived copy |access-date=19 December 2020 |archive-date=4 February 2021 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20210204055838/https://www.lex.uz/docs/-86952?otherlang=1 |url-status=live }}</ref>
{{Quote|I am a citizen of the Republic of Azerbaijan, and I swear that I will be loyal to my homeland, Azerbaijan and its people, when I join the Azerbaijani Armed Forces.
I solemnly swear:
I will honorably protect the interests of the Republic of Azerbaijan, its sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence, for which I will spare no blood and soul. I will be sincere, brave, disciplined, will not give military secrets, will fulfill the requirements of military regulations, and will unconditionally obey the orders of commanders and chiefs.
I will study the military work in good faith, continue and develop the military traditions of my ancestors with honor, and I will be ready to stand up for the Motherland at any moment with a weapon in hand.
If I break my oath, I am ready to take responsibility with the full seriousness of the laws of the Republic of Azerbaijan.}}
=== Battle flags and pennants ===
A battle flag for a military unit is a symbol of honor which remains forever in the unit unless it is dissolved. By military law, if the battle flag is lost in battle, the commander of the military unit and the servicemen under its command are brought to court, and the unit is abolished. Battle flags have the color of the [[Flag of Azerbaijan|State Flag]], with the slogan "For Azerbaijan" being embroidered with golden silk on a blue stripe along the upper edge of the fabric.<ref>{{Cite web |url=https://mod.gov.az//images/pdf/e92b7e725323696cec9868cdf009c675.pdf |title=Archived copy |access-date=20 December 2020 |archive-date=13 October 2017 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20171013192521/http://mod.gov.az/images/pdf/e92b7e725323696cec9868cdf009c675.pdf |url-status=live }}</ref> Outside the battle flag, the Azeri military also utilizes the Turkish military tradition of [[Pennon|pennants]] as symbols.
=== Military holidays ===
These are the military holidays observed by all service personnel the Armed Forces:
* 14 February – [[Air Force Day]]<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.azernews.az/nation/161762.html|title=Azerbaijan marks Air Force Day|date=14 February 2020|website=AzerNews.az}}</ref>
* 26 June – [[Day of the Armed Forces of Azerbaijan|Day of the Armed Forces]]
* 5 August – Day of the Azerbaijani Navy<ref>{{Cite web |url=https://www.trend.az/life/socium/2174877.html |title=Archived copy |access-date=19 December 2020 |archive-date=9 November 2013 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20131109023427/http://www.trend.az/life/socium/2174877.html |url-status=live }}</ref>
* 27 September – [[Memorial Day (Azerbaijan)|Memorial Day]]
* 18 October – Day of the First Military Unit
* 8 November – [[Victory Day (Azerbaijan)|Victory Day]]
==Medals and awards==
* For Bravery Medal
* For Fatherland Medal
* [["For Faultless Service" medal]]
* For blameless service Medal
* For distinction in military service Medal
* For distinction in the border Medal
* For merit in military collaboration Medal
* For military merit Medal
* Veteran of the Armed Forces of the Azerbaijani Republic Medal
*[[Brave Warrior Medal]]
* [[For Distinction in Battle Medal]]
* [[For Heroism Medal]]
*[[For military services medal]]
*[[Herbi Xidmlete Gore Medal]]
*Anniversary medals
**[["10th Anniversary of the Armed Forces of Azerbaijan (1991–2001)" Medal]]
** [["90th Anniversary of the Armed Forces of Azerbaijan (1918–2008)" Medal]]
** [["95th Anniversary of the Armed Forces of Azerbaijan (1918–2013)" Medal]]
**[[Azerbaijani Army 100th anniversary medal]]
* Battle/war awards
**[[Hero of the Patriotic War]]
** [[Hero of the Patriotic War Medal]]
** [[Participant of the Patriotic War Medal]]
**[[For Services in the Rear in the Patriotic War Medal]]
** [[For the Liberation of Aghdam Medal]]
** [[For the Liberation of Fuzuli Medal]]
** [[For the Liberation of Gubadly Medal]]
** [[For the Liberation of Jabrayil Medal]]
** [[For the Liberation of Kalbajar Medal]]
** [[For the Liberation of Khojavend Medal]]
** [[For the Liberation of Lachin Medal]]
** [[For the Liberation of Shusha Medal]]
** [[For the Liberation of Sugovushan Medal]]
** [[For the Liberation of Zangilan Medal]]
Today '[[National Hero of Azerbaijan]]' is the highest national title in the country, awarded for outstanding services of national importance to Azerbaijan in defense, as well as other deeds in other spheres.
==See also==
*[[Azerbaijan Voluntary Military Patriotism Technical Sport Society]]
*[[Judiciary of Azerbaijan]]
*[[Azerbaijani Air Forces]]
*[[Azerbaijani Air Forces| Azerbaijan Air Defence]]
*[[Azerbaijani Land Forces]]
*[[Azerbaijani Navy| Azerbaijan Naval Forces]]
*[[Azerbaijan Higher Military Academy]]
*[[Special Forces of Azerbaijan]]
*[[Special Purpose Police Unit]]
* {{CIA World Factbook}}
* {{StateDept}}
==Further reading==
*U.S. Army War College Center for Strategic Leadership, [https://web.archive.org/web/20100401042756/http://www.csl.army.mil/usacsl/publications/IP%2011-08%20-%20Azerbaijan.pdf Transformation of the Azerbaijani Armed Forces], October 2008
==External links==
{{Commons category|Military of Azerbaijan}}
* [https://www.youtube.com/user/WarrioRDFB Official YouTube Channel of Azerbaijani Soldier program]
{{Azerbaijani Armed Forces}}
{{Military of Asia}}
{{Military of Europe}}
{{Azerbaijan topics}}
[[Category:Azerbaijani Armed Forces| ]]
[[Category:1918 establishments in Azerbaijan]]

Latest revision as of 01:42, 23 February 2021

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